SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Control lumber drying process in Lumber Mill 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
263754  Control lumber drying process in Lumber Mill 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Forestry 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Forestry and Wood Technology 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard reflects the skills, values and knowledge required by people in the sub-field of Forestry and/or wood technology who must be able to control lumber drying process in Lumber Mill.

People credited with this Unit Standard are able to:
  • Schedule the appropriate lumber to be accessed for the drying process, dried and delivered to the next stage of production in the lumber mill.
  • Ensure the availability of the required equipment for and the correctness of the stacking process, to prevent or minimize distortion during drying.
  • Use samples to control and monitor the drying process.
  • Ensure an appropriate and sustained steam supply to the lumber drying kilns.
  • Control preparation, loading and unloading of lumber drying kilns.
  • Apply effective measures to prevent or minimize drying defects in lumber. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    A Learner who wishes to enter a learning programme for this Unit Standard must be able to demonstrate:
  • Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF level 2 or equivalent.
  • Lumber drying knowledge and skills equivalent to NQF Level 2 requirements.
  • Knowledge of workplace procedures, safety and health measures and environmental.
  • Management principles in the lumber drying area relevant to NQF Level 2 requirements. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
  • The scope of this unit standard covers the "Range" mentioned in the specific outcomes above.
  • The typical context of this unit standard relates to the training of a Learner at NQF Level 3 in the activity of Lumber Drying.
  • The level assigned to this Unit Standard, i.e. Level 3, is appropriate because:
    > For foundational competence the learner has to demonstrate a well developed range of skills and ability to make comparisons and interpret available information.
    > For practical competence the learner has to demonstrate the ability to operate in a number of contexts, some of which may be non-routine, make significant choices from a wide range of procedures and co-ordinate with others.
    > For reflexive competence he/she has to demonstrate the ability to handle significant responsibility for quantity and quality of one's own output and in this case, i.e. Lumber Milling, for those of others. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Schedule lumber for the drying process, dried and delivered to the next stage of production in the lumber mill. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Wood quality-high, structural, dimensions, volumes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The scheduling process uses the prescribed procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The correct volumes, dimensions and quality of lumber are accessed dried and delivered at the prescribed time according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The scheduling process is performed within the prescribed time limits. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Lumber is scheduled according to production requirements and targets. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Ensure the availability of the required equipment for of the stacking process to prevent distortion during drying. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Equipment includes kiln trolleys, pulling/pushing equipment, mechanical condition, condition of stacking bays/mechanical stackers; stack base supports, levelness, strength; stickers-dimensions, material, spacing, alignment; plank dimensions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Equipment is available according to production schedule. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The stacking equipment provided and the stacking quality achieved complies with the prescribed requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    These activities are performed within the prescribed time limits. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Use samples to control and monitor the drying process. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Representative-flat, radial or half flat/radial sawn, number; dimension of samples, clean surfaces; moisture sections, kiln samples; position in load wet side dry side, top, middle, bottom; record weights, green, ovendry, intermittent; calculations-ovendry weight, green moisture content, weight at target moisture content; moisture readings of resistance meters, electronic monitors. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Samples in the lumber drying process are used to select, prepare, place according to prescribed procedures and techniques. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The required information regarding the drying rate and moisture content of the lumber being dried is available at the prescribed time according to quality requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The selection, preparation, placement and use of samples take place within the prescribed time limits. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Drying conditions are adjusted according to sample of the drying process. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Ensure an appropriate and sustained steam supply to the lumber drying kilns. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Steam pipes, valves, heating coils, steam spray nozzles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The steam supply at the lumber drying kilns are of the prescribed quality and quantity. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Constant steam supply is achieved according to according to worksite procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The activity of ensuring this supply is performed within the prescribed time limits. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Control preparation, loading and unloading of lumber drying kilns. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Kiln controls for temperature, humidity, air venting, baffles, moisture content readings; positioning of trolley with load in kiln, shutting kiln door, opening door, baffles, disconnect controls, unload trolley with lumber stack. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    These activities are performed within the prescribed time limits. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The kiln with the trolley with its stack of lumber to be dried, are in the prescribed condition for the drying process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The preparation, loading and unloading of lumber drying kilns are performed according to standard operating procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Apply effective measures to prevent or minimize drying defects in lumber. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Product range requirements-high quality, structural, crating, segregation of wood on inherent quality before drying, green moisture content and its distribution, stacking quality, kiln schedules-low temp slow, high temp fast, additional, treatments-equalizing, conditioning, kiln conditions, regarding uniformity of airflow, temperature and humidity, Drying defects, distortion, surface and internal checking and cracking, collapse, drying stresses, discolouration. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Measures to prevent/minimize defects are according to worksite procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The dried quality of the products comply with the prescribed specifications regarding the relevant quality. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    These activities are performed within the prescribed time limits. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An assessor, accredited with a relevant NQF Level 4 or higher qualification, will assess the learner's competency. Only an Assessor with suitable first hand experience in process operations will assess the learner's competency.
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against the qualification must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this qualification must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described in the associated unit standards.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this qualification may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Learners can understand and explain, and apply where relevant:
  • Workplace procedures, safety and health measures and environmental management principles relevant to NQF Level 3 activities in lumber drying.
  • The control of the lumber drying process in the Lumber Mill. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    The outcomes that learners achieve will be judged subject to these being achieved while:
  • The relevant activity is performed according to prescribed workplace procedures.
  • Strictly adhering to the prescribed safety and health measures, with special emphasis on:
    > Universal precautions in preventing the transmission of HIV/Aids if a colleague is injured.
    > Correct application of "Primary Emergency Life Support" skills by describing and performing these correctly.
  • Observing the relevant environmental management principles.

    Values:

    The procedures outlined in this unit standard for assessment, moderation and accreditation must promote the values of affirmation and non-discrimination as outlined in the Bill of Rights and the Employment Equity Act. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  66329   National Certificate: Lumber Milling  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. MINERAL MINING TRAINING INSTITUTE (PTY) LTD 
    2. MPACT 
    3. VEB CELE & Associates (Pty) Ltd 
    4. York Timbers Pty Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.