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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Identify and describe different materials used in construction 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
110314  Identify and describe different materials used in construction 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Civil Engineering Construction 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Civil Engineering Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful for people who work in the civil construction industry. People credited with this unit standard will be able to identify and describe different materials used in Road Construction Previously disadvantaged persons who through recognition of prior learning will be able to be accessed against this standard and receive National recognition for their competence. This will enhance their employability and career advancement and contribute to the socio-economic transformation of the country. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Literacy at NQF Level 2. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
Materials used in road construction include
  • Building, plaster and concrete sand
  • Concrete stone, crusher run and surfacing stone.
  • Cement and lime and cement products.
  • Tar, bitumen, emulsions, asphalt.
  • Clay and gravel materials. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Identify, describe and use of natural building materials. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The methods to identify and select / reject natural building materials are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Building, plaster and concrete sand are described in terms of physical appearance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Building, plaster and concrete sand are described in terms of sieve analysis / grading envelope for compliance to project specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The use of natural building materials is described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Making motor for building and plastering activities. Making concrete. Bedding materials of pipes and paving blocks.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Identify, describe and use of crushed aggregates. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The methods to identify and select / reject crushed aggregates are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Concrete stone, crusher run and surfacing stone are described in terms of physical appearance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Concrete stone, crusher run and surfacing stone are described in terms of sieve analysis, grading envelope and flakiness index. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The use of crushed aggregate materials is described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Making concrete, constructing base layers in road construction, surfacing of roads.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Identify ,describe and use of cement and lime. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Cement and lime are described and identified in terms of physical appearance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The hazardous properties of lime and cement and the use of protective clothing for the safe handling of the products are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Handling and storage requirements of lime and cement products are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The use of lime and cement product materials are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Concrete production, stabilization of road base layers.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Precautions in terms of the Occupational Health and Safety act for the transport, handling, storage and use hazardous materials are identified and implemented. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Cement and lime.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Identify, describe and use of bituminous materials. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Tar, bitumen, emulsions and asphalt are identified and described in terms of physical appearance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The hazardous properties of tar, bitumen, emulsions and asphalts are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Handling and storage requirements of bituminous products are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The use of bituminous product materials are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Surfacing operations, manufacture of asphalt, stabilization of road base layers.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Precautions in terms of the Occupational Health and Safety act for the transport, handling, storage and use hazardous materials are identified and implemented. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Tar, bitumen, emulsions and asphalts.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Identify, describe and use of clay and gravel materials. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Clay and gravel materials are described in terms of their physical appearance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Clay and gravel are identified in terms of sieve analysis and indicator tests. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The use of these natural materials are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Surfacing of roads
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Assessment of learner achievements takes place at providers accredited by CETA (RSA, 1998b) for the provision of programs that result in the outcomes specified for the Certificate for Construction (level 1). CETA is responsible for moderation of learner achievements of learners who meet the requirements of this qualification.

    A memorandum of understanding with other ETQA bodies need to be signed when training providers working in other Sectors, requires assessment of learner achievements to take place against this unit standard. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Qualifying learners understand and can explain:
  • The various materials listed in terms of their physical properties and the general use of these materials in Civil Engineering Construction.
  • The impact of construction products on the environment, and how to minimise the negative effects.
  • The identification and implementation of measures in terms of the Occupational Health and Safety Act for the transport, handling, storage and use of hazardous materials.
    Range: Lime, cement, tar, bitumen, emulsions, asphalt.
  • The handling and storage methods for the listed materials, including management of shelf-life of some products. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems
  • Relates to all Specific Outcomes
  • Assessement Criteria: Assessment of materials is made 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others:
  • Relates to all Specific Outcomes
  • Assessement Criteria: Work is done in team format. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Employ self management. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Manage information:
  • Relates to all Specific Outcomes
  • Assessment Criteria: Laboratory information analysed 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively:
  • Relates to all Specific Outcomes
  • Assessment Criteria: Communicate quality to others 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate scientific and technological competence:
  • Relates to all Specific Outcomes
  • Assessment Criteria: Describe properties of the materials technically. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Understand Contextual world-systems:
  • Relates to all Specific Outcomes
  • Assessment Criteria: Understand the use of the various materials in the construction of roads. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  22991   National Certificate: Refractories Installation  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Elective  24198   National Certificate: Construction Material Manufacturing  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.