SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Prepare for and conduct descents with a round parachute utilising a static line as a means of opening the parachute 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
115463  Prepare for and conduct descents with a round parachute utilising a static line as a means of opening the parachute 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Special Combat Capabilities 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 08 - Law, Military Science and Security Sovereignty of the State 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  19 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Qualifying learners are able to prepare for and successfully conduct static line round parachuting descents.
Persons credited with this unit standard will be able to
  • Prepare parachuting equipment.
  • Apply drills and procedures pertaining to paratroopers in the aircraft.
  • Conduct a static line round para-exit from an aircraft.
  • Apply canopy control with a round parachute.
  • Apply the prescribed landing and post-landing parachute.
  • Apply safety procedures during parachuting.
    This unit standard together with the unit standards "Pack a static line square main parachute" and ""Prepare for and conduct static line square parachute descents" prepares learners the unit standard "Conduct air operations" for the purpose of maintaining security and peace in the RSA.
    The achievement of this unit standard will contribute to the personal development of members in the special operations environment and further mobility and transportability within the adventure sports industry. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The ability to communicate effectively in spoken English will be an advantage as this is the medium used to convey commands during the execution of static line round parachuting. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Prepare parachuting equipment. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Main static line round parachute.
  • Static line reserve parachute.
  • Helmet.
  • Clothing.
  • Footwear.
  • Personal equipment container.
  • Weapons.
  • Webbing.
  • Door bundle.
  • Direction finding equipment.
  • During day and night conditions. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The equipment required to conduct static line parachute descents is identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The equipment required to conduct static line parachute descents is inspected according to the operating manual. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The equipment required to conduct static line parachute descents is prepared according to work place procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The equipment required for static line parachuting descents is fitted according to the standing work place procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Apply drills and procedures pertaining to paratroopers in the aircraft. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Day and night.
  • With and without equipment.
  • Aircraft emergencies
    - Emergency landings.
    - Abandon aircraft.
    - Fire on board the aircraft.
    - Aircraft landing in water.
    - Parachutist hooked up onto the aircraft.
    - Depressurisation of the aircraft.
    - Accidental deployment of a parachute inside the aircraft. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The different aircraft used to conduct static line round parachuting descents (e.g. C130, C47 TP, PC 6, and C208) are identified and their influences on parachuting discussed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The various aircraft drills and procedures used to conduct static line parachuting descents are demonstrated. (The variance in drills and procedures according to the aircraft type must be evident in the demonstration). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The required actions, which are to be executed in the case of aircraft emergencies, are demonstrated through simulation. (The variance in drills and procedures according to the aircraft type must be evident in the demonstration). 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Conduct a para-exit from an aircraft. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Day and night.
  • With and without equipment.
  • Making use of the side door or tailgate. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The necessity to maintain a compact body position during an exit from an aircraft is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The exit position and drill in accordance with the specified aircraft types are demonstrated.
    The learner must demonstrate this position for each aircraft as specified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The number of descents prescribed in organisational policy is successfully performed. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Apply canopy control with a round parachute. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Day and night
  • With and without equipment. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The necessity to follow prescribed flight drills is described in terms of organisational specific work place procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The flight drills as specified in work place procedures are demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The ability to assess the ground wind by landing against the wind is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The ability to maintain control and group with other parachutists whilst in flight and after landing is demonstrated. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Apply the prescribed landing and post landing procedures. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Day and night.
  • With and without equipment. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The importance of a parachute position when landing a parachute is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The ability to maintain the prescribed parachute position is demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Parachute landings in the following directions must be demonstrated:
  • Forward.
  • Backward.
  • Sideways. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The specific drills and procedures to recover the parachute on the DZ, as specified in workplace procedures, are demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Grouping techniques on the DZ (e.g. to the first man, to the last man, to the door bundle) are demonstrated. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Apply safety procedures during parachuting. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Day and night.
    With and without equipment.
    Types of emergencies
  • Parachute refuses to open.
  • Twists in the rigging lines.
  • Rigging lines (front, rear, left and right).
  • Parachutist near.
  • Entanglements.
  • Canopy below.

    Safety rules and regulations
  • Open flames near parachuting equipment.
  • Blood and chemicals on parachutes.
  • Wear a helmet.
  • Awareness of descending parachutists and equipment.
  • Protect the parachute from damage.
  • Medical emergency procedure on the DZ.
  • Crossing aircraft runways.

    Safety hazards on the ground
  • Power lines.
  • Trees.
  • Buildings.
  • Water. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The difference between the different types of emergencies is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The various types of emergency drills are demonstrated according to work place procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The various safety hazards found on the ground are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The relevant safety rules and regulations on the DZ and the application thereof are explained. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    1. Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
    2. Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or will assess this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
    3. Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures.
    4. Anyone wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to be assessed by any relevant assessment agency, assessor or provider institution, which is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Qualifying learners be able to demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of:
  • Equipment required during parachuting descents.
  • Aircraft used for static line round parachuting descents.
  • Emergencies that can occur in an aircraft while in-flight.
  • Emergencies that can occur during parachuting descents.
  • The phases of a parachute descent. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking has been made. Learners are capable of identifying and solving various malfunctions that can occur during static line parachuting descents. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community. Learners are capable of parachuting safely as individuals within a team while taking their fellow team members into consideration during the phases of a parachute descent. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively. Learners are capable of preparing themselves and their personal equipment for a parachuting descent. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information. Learners are capable of collecting, analysing and critically evaluating factors such as wind drift, air and ground obstacles while descending with a parachute. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual and language skills in modes of oral and written persuasion. Learners will be able to effectively communicate by means of visual and oral commands while in-flight to the area of operations, during the parachute descent and on the DZ. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and the health of others. Learners are able to apply science and technology to ensure the safe execution of a parachute descent during parachuting operations. Learners are also capable of using technologically advanced direction finding equipment to aid teamwork on the DZ. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exist in isolation. In achieving this unit standard learners will be able to assess and act during aircraft emergencies while in-flight to the area of operations. Learners can further recognise hazards posed by ground and air obstacles. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    Assessors should keep in mind the following general guidelines and principles when designing and conducting assessments:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the specific outcomes of the unit standard and ensure that the assessment is integrated rather than fragmented.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Assessment must include practical demonstration either in the workplace or through simulation. A range of assessment methods should be used, including:
    i) Direct observation - watch the learner carry out the tasks or parachute decent.
    ii) Simulation of a specific task - set a specific task for the learner to demonstrate in a simulated environment (e.g. demonstrating landing in the water in a flight trainer).
    iii) Questioning (verbal or written) - ask the relevant questions linked to the unit standard.
    iv) Testimony - collect a portfolio of evidence from suitable people (e.g. parachute instructor). 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary information

    Definitions:
  • DZ: The landing area where the parachutists will land.
  • Post landing: The drills and procedures performed by the parachutist once he has landed on the DZ. This includes recovering his parachute and leaving the DZ.
  • Stick: An amount of parachutists that exit on the same run-in from an aircraft over the DZ.
  • Door bundle: A light bundle that is made up of equipment that is despatched before the stick exits.
  • Direction finding equipment: Devices used by parachutists to regroup after landing.

    Credits
    Total hours required by the learner to achieve the required outcomes:
    Activity
    Classroom learning 40 Hours
    On-the-job learning 70 Hours
    Self directed learning
    Coaching required 80 Hours
    Total 190 Hours 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  48879   National Diploma: South African Special Forces Operations  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2010-04-07  Was SAS SETA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.