SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Prepare and process plastics materials for manufacturing 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
119186  Prepare and process plastics materials for manufacturing 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Plastics Manufacturing 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  12 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
12662  Prepare and process raw materials  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10   

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
In order for me to perform effectively in the field of plastics manufacturing, I will be able to:
  • Prepare materials for the manufacturing process
  • Look after materials during the manufacturing process.

    I will also know and understand:
  • How material properties impact on all aspects of production processes
  • How material properties relate to the performance of the end-product.

    The activities reflected in this unit standard may not form a part of my day to day activities. The knowledge and skills will, however, enable me to understand the role and purpose of testing and to respond to test results appropriately.
    I can be assessed against this unit standard in the context of any volume plastics manufacturing process, eg
  • Injection moulding
  • Blow moulding
  • Various kinds of extrusion
  • Variations of thermoforming
  • Rotational moulding
  • Calendaring
  • Compression and related moulding processes
  • Reaction injection moulding
  • Polymer composites fabrication processes such as pultrusion, filament winding and resin injection.

    The volume production process also includes the regeneration of recycled materials and the manufacture of intermediate products such as sheet, profiles, compounds and master batches.
    The skill, the knowledge and the values reflected in this unit standard form part of the exit level outcomes required for the National Certificate in Plastics Manufacturing NQF Level 4. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credits for this unit standard assume that I have a National Certificate in Plastics Manufacturing NQF Level 3 or an equivalent qualification. They also assume that I am working towards my qualification as part of a learning programme which integrates all the required unit standards.

    My learning time will increase if I do not have:
  • A relevant NQF 3 qualification
  • Experience in a relevant field.

    My learning time will be decreased if I have experience in this field because:
  • My learning programme will be adjusted to build on what I already know
  • I can apply to have that prior learning recognised. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The scope and level of this unit standard is indicated by range statements related to the specific outcomes.
    The work reflected in this unit standard is normally performed autonomously with minimal supervision. The work will be guided by relevant worksite procedures, manufacturers' specifications and safety, health and environmental legislation.
    This unit standard does not include compounding or alloying. The skills, knowledge and values required for these are contained in a companion unit standard. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Determine product, preparation and process requirements and obtain the materials. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Materials include polymer (virgin, recycled or regenerated), pigments, additives, fillers, concentrates or masterbatch. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    See the consolidated assessment criteria for this unit standard which are listed under the last outcome. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    The assessment criteria for this unit standard have been consolidated to:
  • Facilitate integrated assessment, and
  • Ensure that the purpose of the unit standard as a whole is assessed (not just the component parts)
    Use the consolidated assessment criteria that are reflected under the last outcome to develop the assessment guides and assessment tools for this unit standard. 

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare weighing and blending equipment and prepare material for the manufacturing process. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Prepare material can include: determining mass or quantity of material from recipes for specific batches; blending according to recipe or formula; preheating; drying; cutting to shape; removing dust. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    See the consolidated assessment criteria for this unit standard which are listed under the last outcome. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    The assessment criteria for this unit standard have been consolidated to:
  • Facilitate integrated assessment, and
  • Ensure that the purpose of the unit standard as a whole is assessed (not just the component parts).
    Use the consolidated assessment criteria that are reflected under the last outcome to develop the assessment guides and assessment tools for this unit standard. 

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Carry out quality checks on the prepared materials; label and store material. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Quality checks include inspect and test material against requirements and inspect or test product conformance in terms of material defects. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    See the consolidated assessment criteria for this unit standard which are listed under the last outcome. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    The assessment criteria for this unit standard have been consolidated to:
  • Facilitate integrated assessment, and
  • Ensure that the purpose of the unit standard as a whole is assessed (not just the component parts).
    Use the consolidated assessment criteria that are reflected under the last outcome to develop the assessment guides and assessment tools for this unit standard. 

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Monitor the use of the materials during the manufacturing process and arrange for material to be transported at appropriate intervals. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Monitor the use of the materials includes the rate of usage, protection from contamination, avoidance of spillages and wastage, avoidance of exposure to excessive heat or moisture
  • Arrange includes interacting with others to achieve a constant flow of materials 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    See the consolidated assessment criteria for this unit standard which are listed under the last outcome. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    The assessment criteria for this unit standard have been consolidated to:
  • Facilitate integrated assessment, and
  • Ensure that the purpose of the unit standard as a whole is assessed (not just the component parts).
    Use the consolidated assessment criteria that are reflected under the last outcome to develop the assessment guides and assessment tools for this unit standard. 

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Record, summarise and report material-related data, incidents and events. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Summarise includes overall material consumption, percentage of scrap or wastage. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    See the consolidated assessment criteria for this unit standard which are listed under the last outcome. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    The assessment criteria for this unit standard have been consolidated to:
  • Facilitate integrated assessment, and
  • Ensure that the purpose of the unit standard as a whole is assessed (not just the component parts).
    Use the consolidated assessment criteria that are reflected under the last outcome to develop the assessment guides and assessment tools for this unit standard. 

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Explain and discuss materials and material properties related to preparation, processing and end-product properties. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Properties include physical, chemical, thermal, optical and electrical properties; grades, blends; rheological properties, amorphous and semi-crystalline states, thermoplastic and thermosetting behaviour; particle size and shape; resin consistency and properties; impact of additives, processing aids, colorants, pigments, fillers, re-inforcers and extenders; effect of heat history on the polymeric materials. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A constant flow of the correct materials for the manufacturing process is maintained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Assessment criterion type: Results achieved 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Materials are handled according to general manufacturers' specifications and according to specific worksite procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Assessment criterion type: Indicator 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Calculations to determine ingredient requirements for various batch sizes are demonstrated. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Assessment criterion type: Indicators 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Calculations should include percentages, parts per hundred (resin) or ratios.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    All safety, health and environmental procedures and guidelines are observed and enforced. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Assessment criterion type: Indicator 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Safety, health and environmental includes the handling and disposal of materials; use of protective equipment such as masks; flammability; contamination; degradation and decomposition
  • Since thermoplastic pellets and granules can have an impact on birdlife specifically, special attention should be paid to recovering spilt pellets and preventing them from entering watercourses, both within the factory environment and outside during delivery.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The quality and the output of the manufacturing process are not affected by poor communication or poor material-related practices. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Assessment criterion type: Indicator 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Activities reflect an ongoing concern with optimising the use of materials. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Assessment criterion type: Indicator 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Optimising the use of materials includes reducing spillage and waste; protecting materials from contamination; maintaining a steady flow of materials through the manufacturing process; cleanliness of preparation equipment and good housekeeping; protecting health, safety and the environment.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Records and reports are accurate, up-to-date and timeously produced. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Assessment criterion type: Indicator 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Discussions of issues demonstrate an understanding of materials and material properties, an understanding of the key concepts and principles related to their preparation, processing and end-product properties and an understanding of how these relate to application in practice. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Assessment criterion type: Understanding confirmed 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Issues, key concepts and principles include:
  • The manufacturer's specifications
  • Properties of additives
  • Batches and grades variations in materials
  • Blending procedures and techniques
  • Consequences of incorrect blending, handling and storage of materials
  • Spillage and wastage
  • Contamination
  • The differences between formulations expressed as percentage, parts per hundred (resin) or ratios
  • Safety, health and environmental matters
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • To obtain credits I must be assessed. The assessment will be based on evidence that I produce. My assessment will be governed by the policies and guidelines of a relevant Education and Training Quality Assurance body (ETQA), which has jurisdiction over this field of learning. The policies and procedures of the relevant ETQA will also determine:
    > How my assessment is moderated
    > How I can appeal against the outcome of the assessment
  • Any institution or company which offers learning that will enable me to achieve the purpose of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA.
  • My assessment against this standard should meet all the requirements of established principles. It should include practical assessment activities, which are appropriate to the contents of this unit standard. These activities should include an appropriate combination of self and peer assessment, practical and oral assessments, observations, etc.
  • I can be assessed in the language of my choice although if I have to report incidents or conditions to someone else, I will be assessed on my ability to report in the language commonly used in my working environment.
  • I will be assessed on all the specific outcomes, critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge. The specific outcomes must be assessed in their own right, through oral and practical evidence. My assessment will not only be based on observation but also on other evidence which I compile into a portfolio of evidence. I cannot be assessed only through a written or oral test.
  • The specific outcomes and essential knowledge will be assessed in relation to each other. If I am able to explain the items which fall under the heading of essential embedded knowledge, but am unable to perform the specific outcomes, then I cannot be assessed as 'competent'. Similarly, if I am able to perform tasks described under the specific outcomes, but cannot explain or justify them in terms of the fundamental concepts, principles and practice relevant to the level of the unit standard that underpins my skill, then I cannot be assessed as 'competent'.
  • I will also be assessed on my ability to apply the principles and techniques related to the critical cross-field outcomes, not only in terms of what I can demonstrate, but also in terms of what I know and can discuss.
  • My assessment for this unit standard can be done in conjunction with the assessment of other unit standards related to a qualification, and even in conjunction with my assessment for the qualification as a whole. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Names and functions of:
  • Materials, grades, modifications
  • Additives, reinforcing agents, processing aids, density modifiers, fillers, extenders

    Purpose of:
  • Additives, blends
  • Material preparation, conditioning

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties:
  • Thermal, chemical, optical, physical properties of materials
  • Grades, blends
  • Rheological properties, amorphous and semi-crystalline states
  • Thermoplastic and thermosetting behaviour
  • Particle size and shape or resin consistency and properties
  • Impact of additives, processing aids, colorants, pigments, fillers, re-inforcers and extenders on the properties of polymeric materials
  • Effect of heat history on polymeric materials

    Processes and events:
  • Preparation and blending processes
  • Incidents and events which impact on the properties of materials

    Causes and effects, implications of:
  • Impact of additives on process, properties and end-product performance
  • Short- and long-term implications of wrong blends, incorrect additive levels
  • Incorrect handling and storage of materials, spillage and wastage, contamination

    Procedures and techniques:
  • For blending materials
  • For storage
  • Calculating amounts: percentage, ratios, parts-per-hundred (resin)

    Sensory cues:
  • To indicate various grades and types of polymeric materials, additives and fillers
  • To indicate degradation and decomposition

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Health, safety and environmental regulations
  • Standards for handling and blending materials

    Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Formulations (ratios, percentage, parts-per-hundred resin)
  • Units of measure
  • Principles related to material properties
  • Basics of polymer chemistry and related physical science concepts

    Categories:
  • Additives and fillers
  • Polymeric materials

    Relationships, systems:
  • Relationship between material, machinery and product
  • Relationship of additive to preparation, process and end-product performance 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
  • Related to the preparation and blending of materials
  • Identify different materials and variations of materials
  • Adapt practices to suit different types, grades or variations of material 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
  • Interact with others to ensure constant flow of materials. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise my activities so as to optimise material usage. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Use senses and tests to determine material quality. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
  • Report material-related data, incidents and events
  • Communicate with others to ensure the quality and the output of the manufacturing process 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
  • Process formulae and recipes
  • Use blending equipment
  • Use measuring and testing instruments 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
  • Recognise and optimise the relationship between additives, material, machinery and product end-performance. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    My assessor will be registered and have a plastics manufacturing qualification at NQF 6 or higher. In the absence of assessors with such qualifications, the ETQA can make interim arrangements. My assessor should also be active in the industry and be familiar with the materials, machinery, products and level of technology in which I have contextualised my skills and knowledge. 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 12662, which is 'Prepare and process raw materials', Level 4, 10 credits. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49451   Further Education and Training Certificate: Plastics Manufacturing  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Core  57898   Further Education and Training Certificate: Printing and Manufacture of Packaging  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2015-06-30  FPMSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.