SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Perform controlled lactose crystallisation in sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
123308  Perform controlled lactose crystallisation in sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Food Manufacturing 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
9155  Control lactose crystallisation in sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for anyone who has to crystallise lactose in sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey under controlled conditions.

A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of controlled lactose crystallisation in sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey.
  • Prepare to crystallise sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey.
  • Crystallise sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey.
  • Perform end of crystallisation procedures.

    This unit standard will contribute to the full development of the learner within the dairy manufacturing environment by providing recognition, further mobility and transportability within the field of manufacturing and assembly. The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and upliftment within the dairy manufacturing and processing environment. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Description of required skills:
  • Communication at NQF Level 2.
  • Mathematical literacy at NQF Level 1.
  • Representative sampling for quality control purposes.
  • Cleaning-in-place and cleaning out-of-place.
  • Introductory chemistry principles. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    In the context of this unit standard, crystallisation of lactose is applied during the manufacturing of sweetened condensed milk or whey powder. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate an understanding of controlled lactose crystallisation in sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The purpose of controlled lactose crystallisation in sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey is explained according to standard dairy principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The steps in the controlled crystallisation process for sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey are identified and described according to standard dairy principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The principles and mechanism of controlled lactose crystallisation are explained according to standard dairy and chemical principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The description refers to:
  • Lactose inoculation (seeding).
  • Saturation of a lactose solution.
  • The formation of a super-saturated solution of lactose and its implication on the sensory quality of the final product.
  • The prevention of the above by addition of fine lactose crystals.
  • Muta-rotation.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Factors that influence controlled lactose crystallisation are identified and described according to standard dairy principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Factors include:
  • Number of added crystals.
  • Size of added crystals.
  • Temperature during crystallisation.
  • Stirring of the mixture.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The site-specific seeding material is identified according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Requirements for the seeding material are identified and the reasons for the requirements are explained according to standard dairy principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The purpose and importance of pre-heating is explained according to standard dairy principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The importance of the time-temperature combination during pre-heating is explained according to standard dairy principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    The equipment used for controlled lactose crystallisation is described by referring to its operating principles and components of the equipment (including the function of each component). 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare to crystallise sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The production plan is obtained and interpreted according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Personal preparation is done according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Preparations include:
  • Hygiene practices.
  • Wearing of protective clothing and safety gear.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The equipment and work area are prepared according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Raw materials are obtained and checked according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Mixing of raw materials during product formulation is carried out according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The mixture conforms to site-specifications and is released accordingly and according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The relevant parameters are set according to standard operating procedures and site specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The reasons for specific values of the different parameters are explained according to standard dairy principles and the manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    The equipment is started up according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
    Problems during formulation and start up are solved within scope of work. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Crystallise sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey is crystallised according to standard operating procedures and safety requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Equipment is handled according to standard operating procedures and safety requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Parameters for crystallisation are monitored and controlled according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Samples are taken and are sent for analysis according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Results of sample analysis are interpreted and a conclusion is drawn on the product's conformance to applicable requirements and standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The final product conforms to all applicable requirements and standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Sub-standard product is handled according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Where crystallisation takes place simultaneously with other production actions or processes, it is synchronized according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    Problems are solved within scope of work. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Perform end of crystallisation procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The crystallised product is released for further processing according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    A changeover is performed according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    First line maintenance is performed according to standard operating procedures and within scope of work. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    First line maintenance includes:
  • Cleaning and sanitising of equipment and work area.
  • Inspection of equipment.
  • All other maintenance functions as required within the learner's scope of work.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Records of the crystallisation process are kept in accordance with standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The equipment is shut down according to standard operating procedures. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor or moderator respectively with the relevant Education and Training Quality Assurance Body (ETQA), or with another ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA, or with another ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA, or by another ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal (provider-based) and external (ETQA-based) moderation of assessment, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment against this unit standard should encompass achievement of competencies described in the individual unit standard and may encompass achievement of integrated competencies with other unit standard(s).
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Embedded knowledge is reflected within the assessment criteria of each specific outcome. 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made by:
  • Identifying and solving problems within scope of work.

    Evident in specific outcomes:
  • Crystallise sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey.
  • Perform end of crystallisation procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community by:
  • Synchronising crystallisation with other manufacturing processes,
  • Dispatching the crystallised product to designated areas for further processing.

    Evident in specific outcomes:
  • Crystallise sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey.
  • Perform end of crystallisation procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively by:
  • Preparing for crystallisation.

    Evident in specific outcome:
  • Prepare to crystallise sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by:
  • Taking samples and evaluating the results for crystallisation efficiency.

    Evident in specific outcome:
  • Crystallise sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations by:
  • Keeping records.

    Evident in specific outcomes:
  • Crystallise sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey.
  • Perform end of crystallisation procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by:
  • Working safely.

    Evident in specific outcome:
  • Perform end of crystallisation procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large.

    Evident in specific outcomes:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of controlled lactose crystallisation in sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey.
  • Prepare to crystallise sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey.
  • Crystallise sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey.
  • Perform end of crystallisation procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 9155, " Control lactose crystallisation in sweetened condensed milk or concentrated whey", Level 3, 8 credits.

    Supplementary Information:
  • Legal requirements:

    Where applicable, the following acts, current and future regulations and amendments should be considered:
  • Foodstuffs, Cosmetics and Disinfectants Act, No. 54 of 1972.
  • Health Act, No 63 of 1977.
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act, No. 85 of 1993.
  • Other industry specific Acts.

    Where applicable, the following International and National Standards should be considered:
  • SANS 1049 - Food Hygiene Management.
  • SANS 10330 - Requirements for a HACCP system.
  • ISO 22000 - Food safety management systems - Requirements for organisations throughout the food chain.
  • ISO 9001 - Quality Management System - Requirements.
  • Definition of terms within this unit standard:

    Terminology: Clarification/ explanation/ definition
  • Standard operating procedures: Refer to company procedures, prescribed procedures from the manufacturer, personal safety and food safety practices and procedures, good manufacturing practices, best practices, applicable legislation, time frames, recipes and specifications. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  50306   Further Education and Training Certificate: Dairy Manufacturing Technology  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2018-07-26  FOODBEV 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. FMCG Training Solutions CC 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.