SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Apply water loss control principles 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14022  Apply water loss control principles 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Water Sector 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Civil Engineering Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2005-02-09  2008-02-09  SAQA 1058/05 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2009-02-09   2012-02-09  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
254118  Apply water loss control principles  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5   

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The qualifying learner achieving this unit standard in combination with context expertise standard(s) will be able to explain the principles of water demand management, sequence meters, collect and record meter readings and flow data and detect water leaks and illegal connections on a water reticulation system. This competence will enable the learner to provide accurate data for analysis and suggest appropriate remedial action, which will result in the conserving of water and the overall reduction of the cost of water to the organisation. In acquiring this competence the qualifying learner will lay a good foundation for future learning and action, and better understand the broader context of own work. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Literacy NQF Level 2, Numeracy NQF level 4, Read And Interpret Maps And Engineering Drawings Of Water Reticulation Systems NQF level 2. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
Sounding devices:

Electronic or vibrating 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Explain the principles of water demand management. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The purpose of balancing water volumes is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Unaccountable water supply is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The impact of inaccurate accounting is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The importance analysing water loss information is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Procedures that should be followed when water loss is identified, including authorisation procedures, are explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Collect and record meter readings and flow data in accordance with work policies and procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Meters are sequenced and the purpose of doing this is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Meter readings for a complete zone over a standard period are obtained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The number of consumers in the zone is determined and records are updated regularly and accurately. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The numbers of occupied and vacant stands in the zone are determined accurately. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. A zonal meter logging procedure is arranged. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. The minimum night flow is recorded accurately. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
7. Possibility of inaccurate meter readings is determined and corrective action is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
8. Water loss data is forwarded to relevant people. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Detect leaks in a discrete water reticulation area. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Pipelines are investigated using appropriate sounding devices. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Step test is conducted and area of leak is determined. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Specific location of leak is determined. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Need to open an alternative source of water to the affected area is determined and action is authorised. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Leak is reported to responsible person and repair process is authorised. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. Meters are logged to verify that the leak has been repaired. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
7. Outcome is reported to relevant people. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Determine existence of illegal connections. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Consumer records are scrutinised, incidences of zero consumption are summarised and trends are assessed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Reasons for zero or unusually low consumption are investigated, illegal connections identified and appropriate solutions are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Illegal connections are reported to relevant people for legal action. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Faulty meters, and any other problems, are identified and reported for repairs. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Records of problems are accurate and up to date. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
1. Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
2. Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
3. Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the ETQA policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
4. Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments at exit points of the qualification, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described both in. 

UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
Learners should have a knowledge and understanding of:
1 The importance of a systematic approach to data collection and analysis.
2 The importance of arithmetic accuracy.
3 Techniques for identifying and solving problems.
4 The principles of water loss control.
5 The importance of water loss control.
6 Procedures for handling illegal connections.
7 Procedures for handling faulty meters.
8 Possible causes of water loss.
9 Reasons for balancing water volumes.
10 Consequences of a burst water main. 


Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made. This relates to:

Possibility of inaccurate meter readings is determined and corrective action is explained.
Step test is conducted and area of leak is determined.
Specific location of leak is determined.
Need to open an alternative source of water to the affected area is determined and action is authorised.
Reasons for zero or unusually low consumption are investigated, illegal connections identified and appropriate solutions are explained.
Faulty meters, and any other problems, are identified and reported for repairs. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community. This relates to the following:

The importance analysing water loss information is explained.
Water loss data is forwarded to relevant people.
Leak is reported to responsible person and repair process is authorised.
Outcome is reported to relevant people.
Faulty meters, and any other problems, are identified and reported for repairs. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
Plan, organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively. This relates to the following outcomes:

Collect and record meter readings and flow data in accordance with work policies and procedures.
Detect leaks in a discrete water reticulation area. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information. This relates to the following:

Possibility of inaccurate meter readings is determined and corrective action is explained.
Step test is conducted and area of leak is determined.
Specific location of leak is determined.
Need to open an alternative source of water to the affected area is determined and action is authorised.
Reasons for zero or unusually low consumption are investigated, illegal connections identified and appropriate solutions are explained.
Faulty meters, and any other problems, are identified and reported for repairs. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the form of oral and/or written presentation. This relates to all the assessment criteria. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. This relates to:

Meter readings for a complete zone over a standard period are obtained.
Pipelines are investigated using appropriate sounding devices.
Step test is conducted and area of leak is determined. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation. This relates to the following outcomes:

Collect and record meter readings and flow data in accordance with work policies and procedures.
Detect leaks in a discrete water reticulation area. 

UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 254118, which is "Apply water loss control principles", Level 5, 8 credits.

When conducting assessments, assessors must ensure that they are familiar with the full text of the unit standards being assessed. Assessors must ensure that the assessment covers the specific outcomes, critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge by developing assessment activities and tools, which are appropriate to the contexts in which the learners are working. These activities and tools may include self-assessment, peer assessment, formative and summative assessment. It may be more effective and efficient to assess a number of unit standards together in an integrated way, thus reducing the overall number of assessments and ensuring that commonalities that exist between a number of unit standards are captured in a way that makes sense for assessment.

ASSESSMENT OPTION
Learners could be assessed using the following methods:
Oral or written questions
Observation
Product sample records / reports 

QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
  ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
Core  23476   National Certificate: Supervision of Water Reticulation Operations  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2008-02-09  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 


PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
 
1. MMESELANE CONSTRUCTION 



All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.