SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate knowledge of basic concepts of telecommunications 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14928  Demonstrate knowledge of basic concepts of telecommunications 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Information Systems and Technology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Information Technology and Computer Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is intended for those entering the workplace in the area of Manufacturing and AssemblyPeople credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the underlying concepts of telecommunications.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the operation of a simple telephone and a basic fax machine.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the underlying technologies used in telecommunications.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the operation and use of networks and systems in telecommunications.

    The performance of all elements is to a standard that allows for further learning in this area. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Open.

    The credit value of this unit is based on a person having prior knowledge and skills to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of fundamental mathematics (at least NQF level 3)
  • Demonstrate PC competency skills (End-User Computing unit Standards, at least up to NQF level 3.) 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the underlying concepts of telecommunications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The demonstration describes underlying concepts in simple non-mathematical terms and with reference to their relevance to telecommunications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Concepts: Sound; Frequency; Wavelength; Bandwidth; Modulation; Attenuation; Bits
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the operation of a simple telephone and a basic fax machine. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The demonstration explains the use of a simple telephone with the aid of a diagram and with reference to components, signaling and transmission of speech. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Components: Microphone; Receiver; Tone signaling; Ringing; Anti-sidetone control
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The demonstration explains the use of a simple facsimile with the aid of a diagram and with reference to components, signaling and transmission of pictures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Components: Signaling; Tone detection; Paper path; Scanning; Modulation; Receiving; Printing
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the underlying technologies used in telecommunications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The demonstration describes types of modulation and the principle of multiplexing as used in telecommunication systems. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Process, input and output waveforms, advantages and applications
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The demonstration describes concepts of impedance, termination, reflection, crosstalk, noise, and signal level, in non-mathematical terms and in relation to transmission media. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The demonstration describes the transmission media employed in telecommunications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Untwisted shielded pair from audio thro to category 5; Coaxial; Fibre Optic; Analog and Digital Microwave relay systems; Cellular radio; Microcell networks
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The demonstration compares digital transmission of data to analog transmission. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Signal waveforms; Bandwidth requirements; Errors; Tolerance to noise; Line coding
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The demonstration describes basic components and concepts of a data network, with reference to the operation of the network. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Computer; File server; Modem; Channel access; Collision avoidance; Bus; Star; Ring
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the operation and use of networks and systems in telecommunications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The demonstration describes Public Switched Telephone Networks (PSTN) in terms of its operation and the services provided. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Switching plan and topology; PABX; Bandwidth limitations
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The demonstration describes data network services in terms of their operation, the services provided and the key features of each. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Leased data services; Packet switch network; ISDN; Frame relay.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The demonstration describes computer networks in terms of their operation and the services provided. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    LAN's; WAN's; Internet
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Accreditation Process:

    The relevant Education and Training Quality Authority (ETQA) must accredit providers before they can offer programs of education and training assessed against unit standards.

    Moderation Process:

    Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Performance of all elements is to be carried out in accordance with organisation standards and procedures, unless otherwise stated. Organisation standards and procedures may cover: quality assurance, documentation, security, communication, health and safety, and personal behaviour. An example of the standards expected is the standards found in ISO 9000 Certified Organisations.
  • Performance of all elements complies with the laws of South Africa, especially with regard to copyright, privacy, health and safety, and consumer rights.
  • All activities must comply with any policies, procedures and requirements of the organisations involved, the ethical codes of relevant professional bodies and any relevant legislative and/ or regulatory requirements. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of an organisation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage him/her self and his/her activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise, and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exists in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to his/her full personal development and the social and economic development of the society at large by being aware of the importance of: reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively, exploring education and career opportunities and developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary information:
  • All measurements are to be expressed in SI units, and converted from Imperial units to SI where necessary.

    Sub-Sub-Field (Domain):
  • Telecommunication Systems 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  22865   National Certificate: Chemical Operations  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2005-10-09  Was CHIETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  59569   National Certificate: Electronics  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Elective  78964   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Technical Support  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Elective  24293   National Certificate: Information Technology: Technical Support  Level 4  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L4  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2010-01-23  Was MICTS until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. A4 Consultancy Pty Ltd 
    2. Academy at Vaal Triangle (AVT 
    3. Academy of Training and Allied Services Pty Ltd 
    4. Academy of Training and Development 
    5. Acorser Corporate & Business Consulting t/a Acorser Academy 
    6. Advanced Assessments and Train 
    7. Affirmations Training 
    8. Afric Training Centre and Security Studies PTY LTD 
    9. Afrika Tikkun 
    10. All Nation Group Five Trading and Projects 
    11. Amadi Institute of Management And Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    12. Amilak Training Center 
    13. Angie Technologies 
    14. Answer The Call Skills ands En 
    15. APEXEA 
    16. ATTI (Advanced Technonogy Training Institute) 
    17. ATTI IT SOLUTIONS (Bloemfontei 
    18. ATTI Kimberley 
    19. ATTI Nelspruit Pty Ltd 
    20. Atvance Academy Pty Ltd 
    21. Atvance Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    22. Atvance Learning PTY LTD 
    23. Awona Technologies cc 
    24. AWRISE 
    25. Bacom Computers 
    26. Basadipele Skills Development and Training 
    27. BDCE (Pty) Ltd 
    28. Bells Technical College 
    29. Blue Ora Pty Ltd 
    30. Boland College 
    31. Bonitas Unversity College 
    32. Bophelo Tota ICT Driving Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    33. Brainwave Projects 1430 cc 
    34. Bristol Training College 
    35. BYTES PEOPLE SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
    36. Cape Innovation Technology Initiative 
    37. Careers IT 
    38. City College 
    39. Claas Illustration 
    40. Clean Heat Academy 
    41. College Africa Group (Pty) Ltd 
    42. COLUMBUS TECHNOLOGIES PTY LTD 
    43. Comfortable Tech 
    44. Common Vision Young Specialist Trading cc 
    45. Compus training institution 
    46. CSL Accountants 
    47. CTU Training Solutions 
    48. CYBER-CITY IT SOLUTIONS 
    49. DAB Health Care Centre 
    50. DC Dynamic College of Commerce 
    51. Dee's Training (Pty) Ltd 
    52. Delight Computer Training 
    53. Dibana Business Consultants 
    54. Digital Media Arts College 
    55. DOGOODCIRCLE 
    56. DVG Media Training 
    57. DYNAMIC DNA (PTY) LTD 
    58. Dynamic Dyvention Trading and 
    59. EAST LONDON MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE 
    60. ED-U Options Academy 
    61. Edging Forward Training and Co 
    62. EHLANZENI TVET COLLEGE 
    63. Ekasi IT Solutions Centre 
    64. Ekurhuleni Artisans and Skills Training Centre Pty Ltd 
    65. Elchees Software Solutions 
    66. Embroser Solutions Pty Ltd 
    67. Epitome Villa (Pty)Ltd 
    68. Eshybrand Pty Ltd 
    69. EYETHU NATIONAL COMPUTER COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    70. Falcon Business Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    71. Finweb Business Consultancy 
    72. Forek Institute of Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    73. Foster-Melliar (Pty) Ltd 
    74. Four Stars Communication 
    75. Fourways Private College 
    76. Fullimput108 (Pty) Ltd 
    77. Future Africa Consulting t/a Future Africa Consulting & Training 
    78. Futurekids SA (Fochville) 
    79. Gabasega Consulting and Training Centre 
    80. Gauteng College of Engineering 
    81. GCABS 
    82. Genii Institute PTY LTD 
    83. Gert Sibande FET College 
    84. Gijima Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    85. Global Institute for Capacity 
    86. Gold Class Group 
    87. Golden Step Campus (Pty) Ltd. 
    88. Greenview Training and Development Skills Centre 
    89. Growth Management Consulting cc 
    90. Guest Resource Services 
    91. Gurandbuilt Management Development 
    92. HCLS HUMAN CAPITAL LEARNING SOLUTIONS 
    93. Heartlines College 
    94. HILLCROSS BUSINESS SCHOOL (PTY 
    95. Hlanganani ICT (Pty) Ltd 
    96. Home of Compassion/Grace Ministries 
    97. HUAWEI Technologies Africa (PTY) LTD 
    98. iCollege College 
    99. Ikusasa Technology Solutions 
    100. Ikusasalethu Youth Development 
    101. iLearn Corporate Services PTY LTD 
    102. Impact Sourcing Academy - NPO 
    103. Information Technology Resource Centre 
    104. Ingomsotech Solutions and Trai 
    105. Initium 
    106. INSIGHTTECH COMMUNICATIONS Pty 
    107. Institutional Higher Education 
    108. Isivande Projects 
    109. ISOLVE BUSINESS SOLUTIONS PTY LTD 
    110. IT Academy 
    111. IT Labs Consulting 
    112. IT-HI-Q Training (PTY) Ltd 
    113. Ithemba IT Solution 
    114. ITI 
    115. Jeppe College of Commerce and 
    116. Johannesburg Institute of Engi 
    117. Jonda Learning Academy 
    118. K Boneng Consulting Services P 
    119. Keep The Dream 285 
    120. Kgolo Institute 
    121. King Sabata Dalindyebo TVET College 
    122. Kingswood Academy 
    123. KMT Training and Business Solutions 
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    125. Kundani Trading 
    126. KVR Training and Business Solutions 
    127. Lamus Training Academy 
    128. Learnfast Training Solutions ( 
    129. LEPHAILA PRINTERS 
    130. Lephalale Business & Technical 
    131. Leseding Computer Systems 
    132. LETAGO DEVELOPMENT CONSULTING 
    133. LIMPOPO COMPUTER COLLEGE BK 
    134. Limsa Training Institute 
    135. LINKINGNOTES 
    136. Loomee Group 
    137. Makhophila Training 
    138. Malope IT Solutions 
    139. Mamelodi Digital Centre cc 
    140. MANAGED OUTSOURCED TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS PTY LTD 
    141. Mapubo Consulting 
    142. Mash Computer Training 
    143. MBOWA COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    144. Metanoia Ratings PTY LTD 
    145. Mmamohule General Traders 
    146. Mmanape Private Technical Coll 
    147. MMELA VILLAGE TECHNOLOGIES (PT 
    148. MND Training and Projects 
    149. Mogapi Education Group 
    150. MOKALENG IT 
    151. MORTERBOARD TRAINING SOLUTIONS 
    152. Mothusi Management Consultants 
    153. Moving Ahead Development Agenc 
    154. Mpande Technologies cc 
    155. MSC Business College 
    156. Mufuka Business and Technical 
    157. Multi Tech College 
    158. Nape Angwato Trading 
    159. NBC Technologies 
    160. NCC - Vereeniging 
    161. Nchebeko Skills Consultancy (PTY) LTD 
    162. NCM Computer and Business Academy 
    163. Nemja Security and Projects Pty Ltd 
    164. New Trend Computers cc 
    165. NEWLEIGH BUSINESS COLLEGE 
    166. Nkangala Skills Centre 
    167. Nkoka Training Cc 
    168. Nolwazi Stem Education for The 
    169. Nyankwavi Inverstment 
    170. Nyathela Business College 
    171. Olrich Home of Technology 
    172. OMNIVISION INSTITUTE 
    173. On the Ball College Pty ltd 
    174. OPELONG BUSINESS INSTITUTE (PT 
    175. Overcomers Training College (P 
    176. PACE Academia College (Pty) Lt 
    177. Paramixed Pty Ltd 
    178. PHUTHUMA TEL PTY LTD 
    179. PLATINUM PEAK CONSULTING (PTY) LTD 
    180. Polokwane Technology Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    181. Pretoria Technical College 
    182. Priha Projects Pty Ltd 
    183. Progressive School of Business 
    184. Prophesy Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    185. PROSERV SA (PTY) LTD 
    186. QUARPHIX (PTY) LTD 
    187. Rand Training College 
    188. Rasinkhu Investment (Pty) Ltd 
    189. Resisa Logistics cc 
    190. Revival Technologies and Academy 
    191. Richfield Graduate Institute of Technology Pty Ltd 
    192. Rivoni Training N Communicatio 
    193. Rostec Technical FET College (Pty) Ltd 
    194. SA College of Technology (PTY) 
    195. Sabile Human Resources Consult 
    196. SANDM IT TRAINING (PTY) LTD 
    197. Schauenburg Systems Pty Ltd 
    198. Silulo Ulutho Technologies 
    199. Sivile Housing Association RSA 
    200. SM SAFETY AND TECHNICAL LEARNI 
    201. Sokwanya Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    202. South Africa Advanced Skills Institute(SAAI) 
    203. Sparrow FET Enterprises (Pty) Ltd 
    204. Spears Business and Life Couch Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    205. Spina Consultancy 
    206. SPLS Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    207. Star Light Consulting 
    208. SUCCESS BUILDERS INTERNATIONAL CC 
    209. Success Christian Training Cen 
    210. Successors Training Institute 
    211. Supreme ICT Consultants 
    212. Synergy Transformation Solutio 
    213. Taal-Net Training Institute 
    214. Tau Ya Mariri Consulting 
    215. TBL Empowerment Hub 
    216. Tech-Com Solutions cc 
    217. Techtisa (pty) Ltd 
    218. Terry Computer Services cc 
    219. The Finishing College (Pty) Lt 
    220. THE SKILLS DEVELOPMENT CORPORA 
    221. Think Tank T2 (Pty) Ltd 
    222. Thubelihle Graduate Institute 
    223. TIPP ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
    224. Titan Trade Technologies 
    225. Tlatlana Trading (PTY) LTD 
    226. Tlou Foundation College 
    227. TORQUE TECHNICAL COMPUTER TRAINING PTY LTD 
    228. Tshiredo Training Academy 
    229. Tshwane College of Commerce an 
    230. Tsima Consulting Development S 
    231. TSP COLLEGE 
    232. Ukwazi Academy and Corporate S 
    233. Urban Journey 
    234. Varsity Institute of Science & Technology (Pty)Ltd 
    235. Vastratech Pty) Ltd 
    236. Visionary Skill Academy 
    237. Vodacom (Pty) Ltd 
    238. VSS College (Pty) LTD 
    239. VUTHLARI MARKETING CONSULTING 
    240. Wavelengths Technology Training Institute 
    241. Wellinkwise Pty Ltd 
    242. Westrand Youth Development 
    243. Whitestone College 
    244. WORK SKILLS RESOURCES CC 
    245. Working Solution International 
    246. Xylo Trading 12 (Pty) Ltd 
    247. YAB Business Solutions (Pty)Ltd 
    248. YITRO INNOVATIONS 
    249. Yonet Training Academy 
    250. Youth Media Movement 
    251. ZA WIT (PTY) LTD 
    252. Zikode Development Trust 
    253. ZJ Africa Learn 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.