SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Set and adjust printing and conversion process machine conditions to produce quality finished product 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
243184  Set and adjust printing and conversion process machine conditions to produce quality finished product 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Printing and Packaging 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard reflects the skills required to:
  • Perform product changeovers.
  • Set printing and conversion process machines.
  • Maintain high level quality production and meet applicable quality standards.
  • Adjust the machine setting in response to changes in the process, the operating conditions or faulty product.

    It also reflects the understanding of:
  • The principles which govern the process settings, the machine conditions, the equipment and the control system design.
  • The principles which govern the behaviour of printing and packaging materials.
  • The impact of machine settings on the material being processed and the quality of the end product.

    This unit standard would be assessed in the following printing and packaging processes e.g.:

    Printing:
  • Letterpress.
  • Screen printing.
  • Flexography.
  • Gravure.
  • Lithography.
  • Continuous stationery.
  • Roll label.
  • Rotary offset.

    Manufacture of packaging, with or without in-line printing processes:
  • Bag making (self opening bag).
  • Sack making (both tubing & bottoming).
  • Carton making.
  • Can and end making.
  • Laminating.
  • Coating.
  • Corrugated board manufacturing.
  • Tubing.
  • Wrapping.
  • Over printing.
  • Envelope making.
  • File manufacturing. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are already competent in Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 3. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
  • The scope and level of this unit standard is indicated by range statements related to the specific outcomes. The work reflected in this unit standard is normally performed autonomously with minimal supervision. The work will be guided by relevant worksite procedures, manufacturers' specifications and safety, health and environmental legislation.
  • The skills, knowledge and values reflected in this unit standard only cover the setting and adjusting of machine conditions and do not reflect skills, knowledge and values required for installing tooling. These are reflected in a companion unit standard. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Determine product and process requirements, plan the setting process and collect the necessary tools, instruments and materials. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Tools instruments and materials include paper, inks. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Process documentation are read and interpreted in accordance with specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Further documentation are planned and prepared in accordance with specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Tools, instruments and materials are prepared in accordance with specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Work is carefully planned, systematic and consistently done. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Set process parameters and start up printing and packaging equipment to make first-offs or pass sheets. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Process parameters include web tension and edge control, paper and ink feeds, paper travel, positioning images, registers. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Machine is set according to procedures and meets production standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    A high level of quality production is maintained and applicable quality standards are met. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Process setting is performed and adjustment is done on a variety of products of varying complexity. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Setting and adjustment processes are performed safely and without compromising the health of self and others, or of the environment in general. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Safety, health and environmental procedures include the handling and disposal of materials, use of protective equipment such as masks, flammability, contamination, degradation and decomposition.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Setting process is completed according to relevant worksite procedures and within the standard time allowed for the specific product. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Relevant calculations are performed to arrive at process settings and production rates. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Conduct quality checks on manufactured products, determine conformance to standards and adjust machine settings for any deviations. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Quality checks include weight, dimensional and colour register. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Quality checks are conducted on the equipment and materials in accordance with job specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Instruments and measuring equipments are selected relative to the nature of the product and used in accordance with specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Records and reports are completed in accordance with workplace requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Records include both written and electronically stored information.
  • Reports could be oral or written, including the completion of any related documentation.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Product and process-related problems are Identified and resolved in accordance with specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Product and process related problems include common and uncommon processing problems related to the process or the product.
  • Corrective action can include adjustments to printing or packaging equipment restricted to those elements for which the learner is responsible, or calling for specific assistance.
  • Emergency or critical events include power failure, fires.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Where faults have occurred, appropriate action is taken to resume quality production within a reasonable period of time. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Faults include breakdowns, equipment failure, power outages etc.
  • Appropriate action includes adjustments, shutting down and requesting repairs or maintenance, requesting assistance where the problem exceeds learner's authority, reporting or briefing other personnel and who ever deals with the customer.
  • Reasonable period of time lies within the discretion of assessor to determine and depends on the context and the nature of the problems experienced.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Hand-over the process, complete all relevant documentation and report incidents or issues. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Hand over could be to a production crew or to the next shift.
  • Reports could be oral or written and would include the completion of any related documentation. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Setting and adjusting of the printing and conversion processes is conducted in accordance with specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The hand-over process is conducted in accordance with workplace procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Documentation is completed in accordance with workplace requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Discuss with other parties on issues related to the production and quality. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Key concepts and principles related to the setting process are discussed relative to their application in practice. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Key concepts include:
  • Planning, setting and adjusting production parameters.
  • Productivity.
  • Monitoring product quality.
  • Meeting production standards.
  • Procedures and their purpose.
  • Housekeeping.
  • Safety.
  • Working with others.
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described in the Unit Standard.

    Anyone wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following items reflect the type of knowledge that the assessor will evaluate:

    Names and functions of:
  • Tools, equipment, materials, product(s).
  • Specifications, instructions.
  • Services.
  • Safety functions on the equipment.
  • Standards.
  • Time frames.
  • Efficiency.
  • Wastage or spoilage.

    Purpose of:
  • Determining product and process requirements.
  • Collecting the necessary tools, instruments and materials.
  • Setting process requirements.
  • Monitoring production process.
  • Conducting quality checks.

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties:
  • Machine parts.
  • Equipment used.
  • Services.
  • Safety equipment.
  • Product.
  • Materials and substrates.
  • Components.

    Processes and events:
  • Alarms.
  • Preparation, setting process.
  • Quality assurance, testing.
  • Maintenance.
  • Fires evacuation drills.
  • Power failures.

    Causes and effects, implications of:
  • Injuries.
  • Damage to equipment.
  • Effect of poor settings.
  • Power failures.
  • Unforeseen circumstances.
  • Incorrect storage of materials, equipment.
  • Poorly trained personnel.
  • Poor lighting, housekeeping.
  • Dust.
  • Poor machine layout.
  • Contamination.
  • Poor ventilation or extraction.
  • Poor communication.

    Procedures and techniques:
  • Safety procedures, set and adjust.
  • Housekeeping.
  • Use of tools. setting pressures and distances.
  • Measuring and positioning parts and equipment.
  • Measuring product.
  • Taking corrective action.

    Sensory cues:
  • Sensory cues related to setting and adjusting machines, producing quality product. colour perception.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Related to safety, health and environment.
  • Standards, operating procedures.
  • Organisational policies and rules relating to setting and adjusting machines, producing quality product.
  • Product standards.

    Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Principles of the process.
  • Contextualisation of scientific concepts related to the printing and packaging manufacturing process, tools and equipment, substrates and other materials used in the processes.

    Categories:
  • Hazardous materials. substrate. personnel. tools, equipment.

    Relationships, systems:
  • Relationship and integration.
  • Value chain.
  • Corrective action reporting and continuous improvement.
  • Communication.
  • Work group.
  • Customer relations.
  • Printing and manufacturing quality and run length, speeds and run length, total cost of production and run length. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems:
  • Identify and resolve product-and process-related problems and respond to emergency situations or critical events.
  • Engage in discussions with other parties on issues related to the production and quality. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others:
  • Hand-over the process, complete all relevant documentation and report incidents or issues.
  • Engage in discussions with other parties on issues related to the production and quality. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities:
  • Determine product and process requirements, plan the setting process and collect the necessary tools, instruments and materials.
  • Set process parameters and start up printing and packaging equipment to make first-offs or pass sheets.
  • Conduct quality checks on manufactured products, determine conformance to standards and adjust machine settings for any deviations.
  • Identify and resolve product-and process-related problems and respond to emergency situations or critical events
  • Engage in discussions with other parties on issues related to the production and quality.
  • Hand-over the process, complete all relevant documentation and report incidents or issues. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information:
  • Determine product and process requirements, plan the setting process and collect the necessary tools, instruments and materials.
  • Set process parameters and start up printing and packaging equipment to make first-offs or pass sheets.
  • Conduct quality checks on manufactured products, determine conformance to standards and adjust machine settings for any deviations.
  • Identify and resolve product-and process-related problems and respond to emergency situations or critical events
  • Engage in discussions with other parties on issues related to the production and quality.
  • Hand-over the process, complete all relevant documentation and report incidents or issues. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively:
  • Hand-over the process, complete all relevant documentation and report incidents or issues.
  • Engage in discussions with other parties on issues related to the production and quality. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically:
  • Determine product and process requirements, plan the setting process and collect the necessary tools, instruments and materials.
  • Set process parameters and start up printing and packaging equipment to make first-offs or pass sheets.
  • Conduct quality checks on manufactured products, determine conformance to standards and adjust machine settings for any deviations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems:
  • Determine product and process requirements, plan the setting process and collect the necessary tools, instruments and materials.
  • Set process parameters and start up printing and packaging equipment to make first-offs or pass sheets.
  • Conduct quality checks on manufactured products, determine conformance to standards and adjust machine settings for any deviations.
  • Identify and resolve product-and process-related problems and respond to emergency situations or critical events
  • Engage in discussions with other parties on issues related to the production and quality.
  • Hand-over the process, complete all relevant documentation and report incidents or issues. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  57898   Further Education and Training Certificate: Printing and Manufacture of Packaging  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2015-06-30  FPMSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.