SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate knowledge of the principles of the transfer of mechanical power 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
243762  Demonstrate knowledge of the principles of the transfer of mechanical power 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Generic Manufacturing, Engineering, Technology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Fabrication and Extraction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful to people who are pursuing a career in mechanical engineering who are responsible for the maintenance and repair of hydraulic and pneumatic equipment.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Demonstrate knowledge of hydraulics and pneumatics.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of mechanical drives.

    The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard would contribute to the social and economic transformation and contribute to the upliftment and economic growth of the economy.

    This unit standard is intended to promote general skills, knowledge and understanding of the principles of hydraulics and pneumatics used in the economy in order to ensure knowledgeable and informed workers. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are already competent in:
  • Use relevant hand tools.
  • Use relevant measuring instruments.
  • Read hydraulic and pneumatic schematic diagrams. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of hydraulics and pneumatics. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The explanation of the principle of hydraulics and pneumatics is in accordance with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The explanation must include:
  • Transfer of power by means of fluid/air.
  • Flow.
  • Pressure.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The explanation of the difference between hydraulic and pneumatic systems is in accordance with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The explanation must include:
  • Fluid.
  • Air.
  • Advantages and disadvantages of the different systems.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The explanation of the application of hydraulic and pneumatic systems is inaccordance with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The explanation could include:
  • Brake systems.
  • Process equipment.
  • Earth moving machinery.
  • Lifting equipment.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The explanation of the components in a hydraulic circuit is in accordance with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The explanation could include:
  • Power pack. (Motor, pump, filter, reservoir, pressure relief valve).
  • Valves.
  • Actuators. (Cylinders, motors).
  • Hoses/pipes and fittings.
  • Gauges. (Pressure/flow).
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The explanation of the components in a pneumatic circuit is in accordance with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The explanation could include:
  • Compressors, motor and pressure vessel.
  • Service unit. ( filter, water trap, lubricator, safety and pressure regulating valve).
  • Valves.
  • Actuators. (Cylinders, motors).
  • Hoses/pipes and fittings.
  • Gauges. (Pressure/flow).
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate knowledge of mechanical drives. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The explanation of the principle of operation and the application of mechanical drives is in accordance with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The explanation must include:
  • Gear drives.
  • Belt drives.
  • Chain drives.
  • Couplings.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The explanation lists the possible critical hazards that may be encountered when dealing with mechanical drives in a particular context. The explanation also describes the risks associated with and the factors contributing to each hazard. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The explanation must include:
  • Guards.
  • Nipping points.
  • Loose clothing.
  • Lubricating moving components.

    AC - on mechanical LO.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The explanation of the concepts for transferring power in terms of the following is in accordance with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The explanation must include:
  • Ratios.
  • Torque.
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and. moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and. external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The candidate will acquire the following knowledge in obtaining this unit standard:

    Knowledge and understanding of:
  • Hydraulics and pneumatics.
  • Mechanical drives.

    Purpose of the following in hydraulic circuits:
  • Power pack. (Motor, pump, filter, reservoir, pressure relief valve).
  • Valves.
  • Actuators. (Cylinders, motors).
  • Hoses/pipes and fittings.
  • Gauges. (Pressure/flow).

    Purpose of the following in pneumatic circuits:
  • Compressor, motor and pressure vessel.
  • Service unit. ( filter, water trap, lubricator, safety and pressure regulating valve).
  • Valves.
  • Actuators. (Cylinders, motors).
  • Hoses/pipes and fittings.
  • Gauges. (Pressure/flow).

    Causes and effects (Safety and Health):
  • Selection and use of personal protective clothing.
  • Work related hazards. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community.
  • The ability of the candidate to communicate effectively and to maintain optimum productivity illustrates his/her capability to work effectively with others. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.
  • The ability of the candidate to maintain optimum productivity whilst adhering to safety procedures, illustrates his/her capability to organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.
  • The ability of the candidate to implement corrective actions illustrates his/her capability to collect, organise and critically evaluate information. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.
  • The ability of the candidate to explain the importance of the process in terms of achieving production and up and down stream requirements illustrates his/her understanding of the world as a set of related systems. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Terminology:

    Specified requirements.

    Specified requirements include legal and site-specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:

    Legal:
  • Relevant Acts: e.g. Mine Health & Safety Act and Regulations, 1996 (Act 29/1996), and Occupational Health and Safety Act.
  • Mandatory Codes of Practice.
  • SANS and other relevant Standards.
  • Directives/Instructions.

    Site-specific:
  • Managerial instructions.
  • Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments (HIRA).
  • Occupational Health and Safety Risk Management Programme.
  • List of Recorded OH&S Risks.
  • Voluntary Codes of Practice.
  • Manufacturers Specifications.
  • Equipment and Materials Specifications.
  • Working Guides.
  • Standard Procedures.

    Notes to assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent.

    Motivation:

    Even though there are less than four specific outcomes in this unit standard it represents a whole competency. It is NOT merely a description of tasks, jobs or procedures but it focuses on outcomes of activity. It also has a broad application across a range of contexts as stipulated in the unit standard.

    In addition this unit standard is considered as a milestone of learning in the sector. It is worth recognizing in its own right, as it is attributable to and achievable by an individual.

    This unit standard is fit-for-purpose for the sector and the specific outcomes jointly meet all the competence requirements of the title of the standard.

    In addition the unit standard has been integrated to avoid artificial distinctions between activities/processes.

    Unit standard justification:

    Level:

    Attributes; Level; Justification:
  • Skills; level 1; A limited number of simple skills are required.
  • Procedures; level 2; Procedures are known and familiar.
  • Context; level 2; Contexts are repeatedly known.
  • Knowledge; level 2; Relevant knowledge required.
  • Information processing; level 1; Can be recalled without any processing.
  • Problem Solving; level 1; No problem solving.
  • Orientation of activities; level 1; Closely follows instructions.
  • Application of responsibility; level 1; Under close supervision.
  • Orientation of scope of responsibility; level 2; Some responsibility for quality, quantity and the safety of others.

    Average level = 1.44.
    Actual level assigned = 1.

    Credits:

    Activity; hours:
  • Classroom Teaching:12 hours.
  • On-The-Job Training:12 hours.
  • Mentoring required: 0 hours.
  • Other (Specify) Research: 0 hours.
  • Total: 24.

    Credits achieved = 24/10 = 2.4.
    Credits assigned = 2. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  58269   National Certificate: Electro-Mechanics  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Swinton Road Campus 
    2. Enstra Learning and Development Centre (Pty) Ltd (SPRINGS) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.