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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Explain the role and impact of transport systems on their external environment 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244244  Explain the role and impact of transport systems on their external environment 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Transport and Logistics Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 11 - Services Transport, Operations and Logistics 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  10 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will enable learners to demonstrate a basic understanding of the reciprocal relationship between a transport system and the socio-economic and bio-physical environment and settlement system within which it is located. This unit standard will benefit learners within the transport planning sector and contributes to professionalism within transport planning processes and systems.

A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • Explain the reciprocal relationship between transport systems and socio-economic development.
  • Explain the impact of transport systems on the bio-physical environment.
  • Explain the role and impact of transport systems on the functioning of inter- and intra-settlement systems. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Communication NQF Level 4. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
  • Transport system includes but is not limited to:
    > Vehicles, networks, control systems and terminals.
  • External environment includes but is not limited to:
    > Socio-economic and biophysical environment, and inter- and intra-settlements systems. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Identify the sectors and agencies comprising an economy and explain their relationships. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The sectors of a simple hypothetical economy are described in order to explain their interrelationships (i.e. primary, secondary and tertiary sectors). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The agencies interacting within a simple hypothetical economy are identified and their basic interrelationships and roles are explained (i.e. firms, households, government). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The concept of market failure is explained in order to provide a rationale for public sector policy and strategy intervention in market economies. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The concept of social justice is explained in order to provide a rationale for public sector policy and strategy intervention in market economies. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Conceptualise the impacts the provision or upgrade of transport infrastructure and services have on both communities and firms in urban and rural settings. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The basic activities that households need to perform to sustain themselves in space and time are identified, in order to explain the derived nature of passenger travel demand. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Passenger transport includes but is not limited to private vehicles, public bus, rail and taxis, non-motorised, and intermediate means of transport.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The basic activities that firms need to perform in order to maintain themselves as viable business entities in space and time are identified, in order to explain the derived nature of freight transport demand. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Freight transport includes but is not limited to the transport of raw material and manufactured goods.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The impact of land use change on travel patterns and the operation of transport systems is explained in order to understand why it is at times necessary to provide or upgrade transport infrastructure and services. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The impact of transport system change on accessibility patterns and land values is explained in order to understand why changes in land use distribution and density occur. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Explain the impact of transport systems on the bio-physical environment, and identify possible mitigating measures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The components of the bio-physical environment are explained, in order to situate transport system impacts. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The various forms of environmental damage caused by transport systems are identified in order to understand implications for transport planning (i.e. greenhouse effect, hazardous materials/chemical spills, local air pollution). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The non-sustainability of private car dependence on non-renewable fossil fuels is explained in order to understand the importance of promoting alternative travel modes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Possible policy and strategy interventions are identified to manage the environmental externalities of transport systems. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Identify settlement hierarchies and patterns, and their connecting transport infrastructure and services, in given geographical spaces. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Settlement hierarchies and patterns are described in order to understand the role of a particular transport planning area within its regional economy. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Road and rail networks within and beyond a transport planning area are analysed in order to establish how a particular settlement is connected to its hinterland. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Road and rail networks within a city's transport planning area are analysed in order to understand how these networks link land use activities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Transport system efficiencies and inefficiencies associated with alternative city forms are identified in order to inform land use-transport planning integration. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • The assessment will be governed by the policies and guidelines of the relevant Education and Training Quality Assuror (ETQA) that has jurisdiction over this field of learning.
  • The assessor will be accredited, have the competence of this unit standard and be a subject matter expert in this learning area. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Purpose of processes and procedures of:
  • Reciprocating and acknowledging the integral relationship of the transport system, socio-econonic environment, biophysical environment, and settlement systems.

    Attributes, properties, characteristics related to:
  • Integrated planning, development planning, the integrated development plans (IDP's) and integrated transport plans (ITP's).

    Cause and effect, implications of:
  • Broad periods of South African historical economic and spatial development and the transport systems that were introduced to support them are identified, in order situate current socio-economic problems.
  • The value and benefits of the alternative integrative approach.

    Categories of things, processes, concepts:
  • Concepts of ecology and ecosystems are understood.
  • Alternative fuels upon which transport modes operate are identified.
  • Environment mitigation and least environment impact transport options are understood.
  • How transport can contribute to the triple bottom line strategy (social, economics and environment).
  • How transport can contibute and aggravate city structure, land use and travel patterns in settlements.

    Procedures and techniques:
  • Techniques to appreciate the broader context and impacts of transport are understood.
  • Techniques that amplify the relationship between the transport system, socio-economic environment, biophysical environment and settlement systems are made clear.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies:
  • The basic principles of the National Environment Management Act are understood.
  • The basic principles of the National Transport Transition Act are understood.
  • The basic principles of the Municipal Systems Act are understood.
  • The basic principles of the Development Facilitation Act are understood.

    Theory-rules, laws, principles:
  • The operation of a market economy is explained in relation to other economic systems.
  • The basic micro-economic theory of supply and demand is understood in relation to land use-transport integration and transport management.

    Relationships, systems:
  • Ensure that transport relationships (local transport system links to the broader transport system) and that the impacts are understood in the context of the push and pull factors and distinct relationship with the hinterland. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identifying and solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made when:
  • When there is an understanding of the reciprocative nature and interrelationships amongst transport system, socio-economic environment, biophysical environment and settlement system. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community during:
  • Understanding the intersectoral impacts and the necessary multisectorial solutions in addressing the impacts (mitigation). "Transport cannot do it alone". 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organising and managing oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively when:
  • You accept that transport must be contextualised in a broader context and work with other professionals, organisations and institutions to sort an integrated solution to transport impacts.
  • Compliance with applicable legislation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collecting, analysing, organising and critically evaluating information to better understand and explain:
  • To acquire skills and techniques that accepts the complexity and multidimensional impacts transport has on the external environment. A multisectoral approach is required, that will influence the approach toward data sourcing, data and information analysis, critical thinking and evaluation, to improve the broader context and understanding of the individual. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Using science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others when:
  • Various DIS, spatial, mapping tools, and data analysis tools will assist with comparative analysis and demonstrate the complex interrelatonships amongst the sectors. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation when:
  • It is demonstrated and acknowledged that transport systems must be locaated in the broader context of the bio-physical, socio-economic and human settlement systems. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  58600   National Certificate: Land Transport Planning  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30  LG SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Nhlahle Development Agency 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.