SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Charge shot holes with propellant based cartridges and accessories 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244401  Charge shot holes with propellant based cartridges and accessories 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Mining and Minerals 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Fabrication and Extraction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful to people who have to charge shot holes with propellant based cartridges and accessories.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Explain the charging of shot holes with propellant based cartridges and accessories.
  • Prepare to charge shot holes with propellant based cartridges and accessories.
  • Charge shot holes with propellant based cartridges and accessories.
  • Perform post-charging activities.

    The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and contribute to the upliftment and economic growth of the mining and minerals sector by charging shot holes with propellant based cartridges and accessories as part of the mining process.

    This unit standard is intended to promote general skills, knowledge and understanding of persons responsible for charging shot holes with propellant based cartridges and accessories in the mining and minerals sector in order to ensure knowledgeable and informed workers. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit calculation is based on the assumption that learners are already competent in terms of the following outcomes or areas of learning when starting to learn towards this unit standard:
  • Follow basic occupational health and safety practices underground at NQF Level 1. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain the charging of shot holes with propellant based cartridges and accessories. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The explanation of the significant risks and consequences associated with the workplace hazards pertaining to the charging of shot holes with propellant based cartridges and accessories is according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Workplace hazards must include those relating to:
  • Ground conditions.
  • Support conditions.
  • Accumulation of flammable gas.
  • Fire.
  • Exposure to unsafe Electrical connections.
  • Working under unsafe roof or sidewalls.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The explanation of the significant risks and consequences associated with the work related hazards pertaining to the charging of shot holes with propellant based cartridges and accessories is according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Work related hazards must include:
  • Handling of propellants.
  • Transporting propellants.
  • Preparing propellants.
  • Charging with propellants.
  • Storage of propellants.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The specified requirements in terms of characteristics and properties of the propellants and accessories used for charging shot holes with propellant based cartridges are explained according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Characteristics and properties must include:
  • Water solubility.
  • Detonation sensitivity.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The explanation describes the specific benefits for charging holes with cartridge propellants and accessories according to specified requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare to charge holes with propellant based cartridges and accessories. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Personal protective equipment is available, fit for purpose, in good working order and used according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The required tools and equipment are fit for purpose, in good working order and transported to and from the designated areas according to specified requirements in terms of occupational health and safety. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Propellants and accessories are transported and stored according to specified requirements in terms of types and quantities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The areas where holes are to be charged are examined for workplace hazards and such hazards are dealt with according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Wrkplace hazards must include those relating to:
  • Ground conditions.
  • Support conditions.
  • Accumulation of flammable gas.
  • Fire.
  • Exposure to unsafe Electrical connections.
  • Working under unsafe roof or sidewalls.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Precautions taken to prevent inadvertent entry into the charging area are according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The holes to be charged are prepared according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Preparations must include:
  • Holes are de-sludged according to specified requirements.
  • Holes are correct depth according to rock size.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Cartridges are prepared according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Preparations must include:
  • Removing of protective cap.
  • Removing of protective seal.
  • Positioning of electric matches in the cartridge.
  • Routing of electric wires.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The explanation of the consequences to safety, occupational health and production, if specified requirements are not adhered to whilst preparing to charge holes, is according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include consequences of non-adherence to specified requirements in terms of:
  • Personal protective equipment.
  • Selection, examination and transportation of tools, propellants, accessories and equipment.
  • Area examination.
  • Precautions taken to prevent inadvertent entry.
  • Preparation of holes.
  • Preparation of cartridges.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Charge holes with propellant based cartridges and accessories. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Holes are charged with propellant based cartridges and accessories according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Charging must include:
  • Inserting propellants and accessories into drilled holes.
  • Quantity per hole.
  • Quality and state of repair of electric matches.
  • Tamping.
  • Precautions taken to prevent premature explosions.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Work-related hazards are dealt with according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Workplace hazards must include:
  • Handling of propellants.
  • Transporting propellants.
  • Preparing propellants.
  • Charging with propellants.
  • Storage of propellants.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The tools and equipment are used according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Interpersonal interaction is positive, consistent with specified requirements and promotes effective teamwork. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The explanation of the consequences to safety, occupational health and production, if specified requirements are not adhered to whilst charging holes, is according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include consequences of non-adherence to specified requirements in terms of:
  • Charging holes.
  • Use of tools and equipment.
  • Interpersonal interaction.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Perform post-charging activities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Tools and equipment are prepared and stored for subsequent use and those defective are dealt with according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Reports are completed and submitted according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The explanation of the consequences to safety, occupational health and production, if specified requirements are not adhered to whilst performing post-charging activities is according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include consequences of non-adherence to specified requirements in terms of:
  • Preparation and storage of tools and equipment for subsequent use.
  • Completion and submission of reports.
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following embedded knowledge is addressed in an integrated way in the unit standard:

    Risks associated with work related hazards:
  • Handling of propellants.
  • Transporting propellants.
  • Preparing propellants.
  • Charging with propellants.
  • Storage of propellants.

    Risks associated with workplace hazards relating to:
  • Ground conditions.
  • Support conditions.
  • Accumulation of flammable gas.

    Characteristics and properties of propellants:
  • Water solubility.
  • Detonation sensitivity.
  • Benefits of cartridge propellants and accessories.

    Processes and events:
  • Preparation of the holes.
  • Preparation of the cartridges.
  • Workplace examination and prevention of unauthorised entry.

    Occupational safety, occupational health and environment:
  • Hazards and risks encountered.
  • Safety systems and occupational health protection.
  • Personal protective equipment.
  • Environmental protection and pollution controls.
  • Emergency procedures.
  • Use of tools, material and equipment.

    Applicable statutory requirements for charging shot holes with propellant based cartridges and accessories:
  • Applicable Acts and Regulations.
  • Codes of Practice.

    Communication requirements:
  • Reporting.
  • Interpreting and implementing instructions. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking.

    Note:
  • The ability of the learner to handle conflict situations and apply problem solving techniques. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community.

    Note:
  • The ability of the learner to place personnel effectively and the ability to apply methods of improving work performance. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.

    Note:
  • The ability of the learner to indicate what methods, tools and personal protective equipment is required and communicate to fellow workers his/her intentions and assistance required. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Note:
  • The ability of the learner to reconcile the information from visual and physical examinations and constantly evaluate the changing situation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.

    Note:
  • The appropriate communication with the relevant personnel with regard to the reporting of hazards and sub-standard conditions will indicate his/her proficiency in effective communication. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and occupational health of others.

    Note:
  • The learner demonstrates an understanding of and ability to use advanced mining technology in terms of production, safety and communication. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Note:
  • The ability of the learner to identify and understand how his/her correct or incorrect following of the charging process influence the broader process of mining. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Terminology:

    Specified requirements:

    Specified requirements include legal and site-specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:
  • Legal:
    > Relevant Acts: e.g. Mine Health & Safety Act, 1996 (Act no 29/1996), and Minerals Act and Regulations, 1991 (Act no 50/1991).
    > Mandatory Codes of Practice.
    > SANS and other relevant Standards.
    > Chief Inspector of Mines' Directives.
  • Site specific:
    > Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments (HIRA).
    > Occupational Health and Safety Risk Management Programme.
    > Voluntary Codes of Practice.
    > Managerial Instructions.
    > Mine Standard Procedures.
    > List of Recorded OH&S Risks.
    > Working Guides.
    > Equipment and Materials Specifications of 1993.

    Notes to Assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the learner is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the learner can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent.

    Unit standard justification:

    Level:

    Attribute; Level; Justification:
  • Skills; Level 2; The skills required have some variety but are still fairly simple.
  • Procedures; Level 2; Although the procedure is known and familiar (as level 1) it is not as repetitive.
  • Context; Level 2; Although the process could occur in different contexts, the contexts are repeatedly applicable and known to the learner.
  • Knowledge; Level 2; The knowledge required is merely related to the operation and no theory needs to be applied.
  • Information processing; Level 2; Information is readily available but some processing is required.
  • Problem Solving; Level 2; The learner will only have to apply given solution to known/familiar problems.
  • Orientation of activities; Level 3; Follows instructions but has some autonomy to make own decisions.
  • Orientation of scope of responsibility; Level 2; Some responsibility towards quantity and quality, i.e. responsible for quantity and quality of item of competence and not the over al output.
  • Application of responsibility; Level 2; Learner's output is quality controlled.

    Average Level:19/9 = 2.1.
    Actual Level Assigned: 2.

    Credits:

    Total hours required by the learner to achieve the required outcome:

    Activity;Hours:
  • Classroom Teaching; 12 Hours.
  • On-The-Job Training; 12 Hours.
  • Mentoring required; 0 Hours.
  • Other (Specify); 0 Hours.
  • Total; 24 Hours.

    Credits Achieved: 24/10 = 2.4.
    Actual Credits Assigned: 2. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  58739   National Certificate: Mining Operations for Underground Hard Rock  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. AVENG (AFRICA) (PTY) LTD 
    2. BANA BA THARI MINING TRADING AND DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY 
    3. BARBERTON MINES (PTY) LTD 
    4. BOKONI PLATINUM MINES (PTY) LTD 
    5. BOOYSENDAL PLATINUM (PTY) LTD 
    6. CONCOR PROJECTS PTY LTD 
    7. DIGGERS TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT SERVICES 
    8. EASTERN CROME MINES SAMANCOR 
    9. FOSKOR (PTY) LTD 
    10. HARMONY GOLD MINING CO LTD 
    11. HOTAZEL MANGANESE MINES (PTY) LTD 
    12. KROONDAL OPERATIONS (PTY) LTD 
    13. MANCAS CONSULTINGS CC 
    14. MARULA PLATINUM PTY LTD 
    15. MATHOME TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT (PTY) LTD 
    16. MVUSULUDZO PROJECTS (PTY) LTD 
    17. NORTHAM PLATINUM LTD 
    18. PALABORA COPPER (PTY) LTD 
    19. SIBANYE GOLD ACADEMY PROPRIETARY LIMITED 
    20. SIBANYE GOLD LIMITED - KLOOF DIVISION 
    21. SIBANYE RUSTENBURG PLATINUM MINES PTY LTD 
    22. VENETIA MINE 
    23. WESTERN PLATINUM MINE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.