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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate an understanding of selected structural features and their characteristics 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
254507  Demonstrate an understanding of selected structural features and their characteristics 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Mining and Minerals 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Fabrication and Extraction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for persons who work or intend to work within a mining and minerals context. Persons credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the principle characteristics related to faults.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the principle characteristics related to folds.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the principle characteristics related to joints.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the relationships between selected structural features. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit calculation is based on the assumption that learners are already competent in terms of the following outcomes or areas of learning when starting to learn towards this unit standard:
  • Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 2. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the principal characteristics related to faults. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A fault is defined in the mining context. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The principal types of faults are identified and defined in the mining context. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • Normal fault.
  • Reverse fault.
  • Thrust fault.
  • Lateral fault.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The principal characteristics of a typical fault are identified and defined in the mining context. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • Foot wall.
  • Hanging wall.
  • Fault plane.
  • Throw.
  • Dip.
  • Fault filling.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the principal characteristics related to folds. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A fold is defined. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The principal types of folds are identified and defined in the mining context. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • Synform/Syncline.
  • Antiform/Anticline.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The principal characteristics of a typical fold are identified and defined in the mining context. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • Fold axis.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the principal characteristics related to joints. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A joint is defined in the mining context. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    A joint set and joint system are defined in the mining context. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The principal types of joints are identified and defined in the mining context. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • Columnar jointing.
  • Extension joints.
  • Shear joints.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The principal characteristics of a typical joint are identified and defined in the mining context. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • Joint surface.
  • Joint filling.
  • Strike.
  • Dip.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the relationships between selected structural features. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The possible relationship between faults and joints are identified and defined in the mining context. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The possible relationship between faults and folds are identified and defined in the mining context. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The possible relationship between folds and joints are identified and defined in the mining context. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The following accreditation and/or moderation options are available to an individual wishing to be assessed:
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against the qualification must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this qualification must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described in the associated unit standards.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this qualification may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA.
  • Guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following embedded knowledge is addressed in an integrated way in the unit standard:
  • The principle characteristics of folds, faults and joints.
  • The relationships between different structures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking.
  • Note: The ability of the candidate to identify characteristics of individual structural types contributes to his/her problem solving ability. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.
  • Note: The ability of the candidate to integrate the geological data indicates that the candidate can organise and manage activities. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.
  • Note: The ability of the candidate to integrate geological data will enhance the learner's proficiency to collect, analyse, organise and evaluate information. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.
  • Note: The ability of the candidate to reconcile the data from various sources will indicate the candidate's proficiency in effective communication. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.
  • Note: The analysis of the geological data pertaining to the various structural types described will indicate the candidates understanding of science and technology. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.
  • Note: The ability of the candidate to understand the relationship between individual structural types will contribute to their understanding of the whole world. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Reflect on, and explore a variety of strategies to learn more effectively and to contribute to the full development of each learner to enhance the social and economic development of the society at large.
  • Note: The ability of the candidate to explore more than one strategy to identify the structural types can be applied inside and outside the work environment to enhance the socio-economic development of family-life and the community at large. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Terminology:

    Specified Requirements:

    Specified requirements include legal and site specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:

    Legal:
  • Relevant Acts: e.g. Mine Health & Safety Act and Regulations, 1996 (Act no 29/1996), and Minerals Act and Regulations, 1991 (Act no 50/1991).
  • Mandatory Codes of Practice.
  • SANS and other relevant Standards.
  • Chief Inspector of Mines' Directives and instructions.
  • Guidelines issued by the Chief Inspector of Mines.

    Site Specific:
  • Training manuals.
  • Education manuals, including geological text books.
  • Geological illustrations. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  60349   National Certificate: Mining Technical Support  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. CADDIS TRADING CC 
    2. MATHOME TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT (PTY) LTD 
    3. PALABORA COPPER (PTY) LTD 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.