SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Monitor and control the handling and storage of bark 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
256237  Monitor and control the handling and storage of bark 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Pulp and Paper 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
13582  Handle and store bark for further processing  Level 2  NQF Level 02   
246613  Handle and store bark for further processing  Level 2  NQF Level 02   

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners who demonstrate competence as described in the outcomes of this unit standard will be able to monitor and control the process from bark receiving to bark storage.

The qualifying learner is able to:
  • Explain the fundamental principles applicable to the bark handling and storage process.
  • Monitor and control the different ancillary systems interacting with the bark handling and storage process.
  • Monitor and control the quality standards of process materials in the bark handling and storage process.
  • Monitor and control the bark handling and storage process. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Learners accessing this unit standard will have demonstrated competence against communication and mathematical literacy at NQF Level 1, ABET Level 4 or equivalent. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The typical context of this unit standard covers the process from bark receiving to bark storage.

    Range statements, which are applicable to the unit standard titles, specific outcomes and assessment criteria are found beneath the applicable assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain the fundamental principles applicable to the bark handling and storage process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The purpose of the bark handling and storage section is explained in terms of the final product manufactured. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The principles of the bark handling and storage process are explained by making use of a generic flow diagram. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The bark handling and storage process is explained in relation to its supplier's and customer's processes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The flow of material through the bark handling and storage section is traced and all equipment is identified using standard industry terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The purpose and functioning of each piece of equipment used in the bark handling and storage section is explained in terms of its role in the overall process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The functions of all chemicals and additives used within the process are explained in terms of their chemical and physical properties. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Monitor and control the different ancillary systems interacting with the bark handling and storage process. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Ancillary systems refer to the interface between mechanical equipment, electrical equipment, instrumentation and utilities and the bark handling and storage process. It only includes those parts of each ancillary system which interact directly with the bark handling and storage process and not the full ancillary system. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Mechanical equipment used in the bark handling and storage process is identified and described in terms of purpose and application. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Mechanical equipment may include bulk handling equipment, conveying equipment, weighing equipment, storage equipment, transport equipment and packaging equipment.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Electrical equipment used in the bark handling and storage process is identified and described in terms of purpose and application. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Electrical equipment may include electrical motors, switchgear and drive equipment.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Instrumentation used in the bark handling and storage process is identified and described in terms of purpose and application. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Instrumentation includes the key process indicators, control valves and controllers used to monitor and control the process.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Utilities used in the bark handling and storage process are identified and described in terms of purpose and application. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Utilities may include air, steam, electricity and cooling water.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Typical ancillary equipment problems within the bark handling and storage process are discussed and solutions offered in accordance with workplace procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Ancillary systems are monitored and any deviations from operating parameters are corrected in accordance with operating procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Monitor and control the quality standards of process materials in the bark handling and storage process. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Process materials include all raw materials, products, chemicals and any additives forming part of the bark handling and storage process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The properties of process materials are explained in terms of key characteristics. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The purpose of process material quality control procedures as well as the consequences of not adhering to these procedures are explained with regards to the impact thereof on the final product produced. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The quality requirements of all incoming materials are explained according to general and workplace specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Specifications are defined by machine or mill operating instructions. Specifications may include, but are not limited to, wood species, freshness of material, level of decomposition, tramp material and moisture level.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Typical raw material problems and its impact on costs and the stored bark properties are discussed in terms of the purpose of the process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Corrective action to be taken in the case of non-conforming raw materials is discussed in accordance with workplace procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Product variations are evaluated and corrective action taken in accordance with workplace procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • "Product" includes stored bark.
  • "Variations" include but are not limited to foreign objects, stones, metal, etc.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Monitor and control the bark handling and storage process. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Monitor and control the process of bark handling and storage process according to operational requirements, standard operating procedures and safety procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The bark handling and storage process is monitored and parameters recorded in accordance with workplace procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The impact of environmental and process variables on the properties of bark is explained in terms of stored bark and costs. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Variables include temperature, wind, rainfall, humidity, operating equipment changes and feed rate.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Typical equipment problems within the bark handling and storage process are discussed and solutions offered in accordance to workplace procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Equipment problems include but are not limited to mechanical malfunctions, electrical problems and problems encountered with bulk moving and storage equipment.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Variations in the product are evaluated and corrective action taken in accordance with workplace procedures. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An assessor, accredited with a relevant NQF Level 2 or higher qualification, will assess the learner's competency.
  • Only an Assessor with considerable first hand experience in process operations will assess the learner's competency.
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an Assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Direct observation in simulated or actual work conditions is required. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Qualifying learners understand and can:

    Explain the names, functions and locations of:
  • All items of installed equipment.
  • Raw material/s.
  • Finished product/s.

    Describe the properties and characteristics of:
  • Raw material/s.
  • Product/s.
  • Process equipment.
  • Auxiliary equipment.
  • Process system/s.

    Explain the purpose of the:
  • Process, in terms of product/s, efficiencies and quality.

    Explain the causes, effects and implications of:
  • Process variables.
  • Raw material variables (suppliers).
  • Product variables (customers).
  • Not complying with quality standards.
  • Not complying with standard operating procedures.

    Demonstrate procedures and techniques of:
  • Monitoring and controlling the process.
  • Recording and reporting data.

    Explain the regulations, legislation, agreements and policies related to:
  • Standard Operating procedures.
  • Quality specifications. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    The learner is able to identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made by:
  • Identifying and addressing variations in ancillary system operation.
  • Identifying and addressing variations in material quality.
  • Identifying and addressing variations in the bark handling and storage process.
  • Bringing all deviations into control.

    Refer to the following Specific Outcomes:
  • Monitor and control the bark handling and storage process.
  • Monitor and control the quality standards of process materials in the bark handling and storage process. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    The learner is able to work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community by:
  • Maintaining sound relations with co-workers.
  • Explaining the relationship of this functional area in relation to the supplier and customer's processes.

    Refer to the following Specific Outcomes:
  • Explain the fundamental principles applicable to the bark handling and storage process.
  • Monitor and control the quality standards of process materials in the bark handling and storage process.
  • Monitor and control the bark handling and storage process. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    The learner is able to organise and manage himself and his activities responsibly and effectively by:
  • Tracing the flow of material through the bark handling and storage section.
  • Explaining the quality requirements of raw materials according to quality specifications.
  • Handling non-conforming raw materials in accordance with workplace procedures.

    Refer to the following Specific Outcomes:
  • Explain the fundamental principles applicable to the bark handling and storage process.
  • Monitor and control the different ancillary systems interacting with the bark handling and storage process.
  • Monitor and control the bark handling and storage process. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    The learner is able to collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by:
  • Describing the relationship of the process to suppliers, customers and the overall pulping process.
  • Explaining the impact of non-conforming raw material in terms of final products and costs.
  • Carrying out physical quality checks and tests.
  • Evaluating variations in the product and taking corrective action in accordance with workplace procedures.

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    The learner is able to communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations during:
  • Recording variables and actions taken to rectify.
  • Responding to questions and requests for additional information.
  • Drawing and interpret diagrams and sketches.
  • Completing relevant documentation in accordance with workplace requirements.

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    The learner is able to use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by:
  • Monitoring the process.
  • Bringing process, product and equipment variables under control.

    Refer to the following Specific Outcomes:
  • Monitor and control the quality standards of process materials in the bark handling and storage process.
  • Monitor and control the bark handling and storage process. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by:
  • Explaining the purpose of the process as well as the relationship to the supplier and customer's processes.

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes: 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large by:
  • Understanding the role of monitoring plant and process in a processing environment and the effect it has on the growth and development of the organisation, its customers and employees.

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes: 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 13582, "Handle and store bark for further processing", Level 2, 6 credits.

    Supplementary Information:

    Terms and Definitions:
  • Standard operating procedures: The documented practice(s) defining the who, what, and when of quality activities.
  • Process: Process means the manufacturing process where a product is manufactured using machinery and equipment with limited guidance or control from the learner.
  • Process and operating specifications: The measurements and indications of all variables monitored during operations including temperatures, pressures, speed, flow rates, power consumption, noise, vibration and visual indicators. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  61929   National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Dr M Investments 
    2. VEB CELE & Associates (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.