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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Reduce the impact of disasters on communities, the people and their environment 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
260698  Reduce the impact of disasters on communities, the people and their environment 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Ancillary Health Care 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 09 - Health Sciences and Social Services Preventive Health 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be enable learners to understand their roles as community health workers in minimising the probable effects on a community following a hazardous event.

The qualifying learner is capable of:
  • Describing the major factors which makes a population vulnerable to disasters.
  • Describing the National Disaster Plan with specific reference to the responsibilities of Provincial districts.
  • Developing a local community hazard risk and capacity map.
  • Identifying typical risk reduction measures and implementing them in consultation with the community. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communications at NQF Level 1, ABET Level 4.
  • Mathematical literacy at NQF Level 1, ABET Level 4. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe the major factors that make a population vulnerable to disasters. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Major factors include but are not limited to poverty, over-population, rapid urbanisation, environmental degradation, geographical situation, life style changes, lack of awareness, war and strife situations, crime situations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Poverty is described in relation to the vulnerability it creates in people during and after a hazardous event. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Rapid urbanisation and over-population are described with examples of their impact in the event of a hazardous event. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Lack of social awareness, war, strife and crime are discussed in terms of their effects in the event of a major debilitating or hazardous event. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain the National Disaster plan with specific reference to the responsibilities of Provincial Districts. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The National Disaster Plan is described in relation to specific geographical districts. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The Provincial Government input is discussed in terms of its stated contribution to the Provincial Disaster Plan. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The Municipal Plan is discussed in terms of to the responsibilities of the community and the Provincial Disaster Plan. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Develop a local community hazard, risk and capacity map. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Capacity map includes but is not limited to natural hazards, daily emergencies, crime, conflict and war. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A map is designed to cover a disaster risk threatening the community and the capacity available to reduce or overcome the risks. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Local resource and support systems are identified within the local community district and province. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The importance of mapping is explained in terms of how to reduce the danger of risks to the community. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The common problems and needs of the community are identified and prioritised in relation to planning. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    A plan is developed from the community mapping and priority list so that action may be taken to reduce the disasters and risk factors in the community. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Introduce and implement risk reduction measures in consultation with the community. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Risk reduction measures include but are not limited to societal, conditions, physical planning, health and safety regulations, economic, engineering, construction and management institutions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Identified leaders of the community are approached and involved in the concept of an awareness campaign. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    An awareness and educational campaign is designed to prepare and involve members of the community in a disaster management programme. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The involvement of the community is discussed in terms of its importance to reduce or minimise the effects of potential disasters on the community and the environment. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Any individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this unit standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Causes and categories of disasters.
  • Relevant current legislation pertaining to disaster management, health, safety and environment.
  • Search and rescue operations, safe site and emergency shelters, trauma care and emergency care/first aid, alternate water supplies, emergency access, emergency communication systems, flood plan for vulnerable communities.
  • Local service providers and non-governmental and community based organisations.

    It is strongly recommended that the learner is competent in the following unit Standards prior to learning towards this Unit Standard:
  • ID 119566: Explain preventative measures to reduce the potential impact of disasters.
  • ID 120496: Provide risk-based primary emergency care (first aid in the workplace.
  • ID 116999: Apply accurate information about HIV and AIDS to everyday life. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems using critical and creative thinking processes to contribute to proactive measures in disaster situations. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others in a team, group, organisation or community to ensure that measures in disaster situations are effectively carried out from an ancillary health care perspective. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively to ensure that local community hazard, risk and capacity maps are proactively identified and coordinated with relevant stakeholders. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information relating to disaster plans. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion in disaster situations and in the prevention of disaster situations. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility to the environment and health of others to access information on disaster risk reduction and planning. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of interrelated systems by recognising that disaster situations do not exist in isolation and that the various factors can impact on the scale and risk management of a disaster. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Participate as responsible citizens in the life of local, national and global communities by effectively ensuring that proactive measures are taken to contribute towards disaster risk minimisation plans. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Credit Justification:

    Activity Hours; Hours; Credits:
  • Classroom Learning; 30 Hours; 3 Credits.
  • On the job learning site visits, and clinical accompaniment; 30 Hours; 3 Credits.
  • Self Directed learning; 10 Hours; 1 Credit.
  • Coaching required; 10 Hours; 1 Credit.

    Total = 80 Hours; 8 Credits. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  64749   National Certificate: Community Health Work  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  HW SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.