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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Explain human factors in aviation 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
261181  Explain human factors in aviation 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Aerospace Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Physical Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
People credited with this unit standard are able to demonstrate how human factors impact on the way people in the aviation environment perform their tasks and fulfill their responsibilities. They will have acquired knowledge of: general human factors; physiology and the effects of flight; factors affecting performance; human performance and limitations and social psychology within an aviation context.

Learners credited with this standard will be able to:
  • Discuss general human factors in aviation.
  • Explain how flight affects human physiology.
  • Explain the human factors and environmental hazards affecting performance.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of human performance and limitations in the context of aviation support.
  • Discuss social psychology within the context of aviation support. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communication at NQF Level 3.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 3. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Discuss general human factors in aviation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The concept of human factors is explained to show its importance in the field of aviation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Human factors, models and programmes are defined and described in accordance with industry standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Incidents in aviation are identified and described in terms of how they are attributable to the impact of human factors. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain how flight affects human physiology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The impact of flight on circulation and the respiratory systems is described in accordance with health guidelines. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Health aspects either induced or made worse by flight are defined and described in terms of the effects of flight on the human body. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Includes but is not limited to hypoxia, hyperventilation, entrapped gases, motion sickness and decompression sickness.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The changes to vision and visual perception and hearing and balance are described in terms of the effects of flight on the human body. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The impact of flight on spatial orientation is defined and described in accordance with industry standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Flight anxiety is explained and described in accordance with industry standards. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Explain the human factors and environmental hazards affecting performance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The role of medical fitness and health in the performance of the individual in the workplace is described to show their importance as human factors. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The effects of alcohol, medication and drugs on work performance are discussed with a view to assist individuals to deal with these challenges and improve work performance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The pressures of stress, workload, lack of sleep and fatigue are discussed in terms of how they contribute to diminished work performance within the aviation support sector. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Workload includes overload, underload, physical work, repetitive tasks.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Environmental hazards present in the aviation environment are described and discussed in order to avoid/prevent them. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Hazards include but are not limited to - carbon monoxide, fuel, lubricating oils, hydraulic fluids, noise and fumes, illumination,
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The role of climate and temperance on work performance is discussed. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate knowledge of human performance and limitations in the context of aviation support. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Information processing is identified and described in terms of how it impacts on human performance. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Includes but is not limited to human sensors, types of memory, perception.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Situational awareness is defined and described in in terms of how it impacts on human performance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Judgement and decision making are described in in terms of how they impact on human performance. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Include but are not limited to hazardous attitudes, risk assessment techniques, decision making models.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Error management and the implications of errors are explained and described in terms of the impact in the workplace. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Discuss social psychology within the context of aviation support. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The concept of culture is discussed in terms of its role in productivity and efficiency within the workplace. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Culture includes but is not limited to organisational culture, safety culture, safety reporting in aviation.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The concepts of motivation and de-motivation are discussed in terms of their differences and their impacts in the workplace. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Individual and collective responsibility are discussed to ensure that the commonality and differences between them are understood. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Peer pressure is discussed to show its influence on people and in the workplace. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The concepts of management supervision and leadership are discussed within the context of a changing workplaces. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the ETQA policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments at exit points of the qualification, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described both in individual unit standards as well as the integrated competence described in the qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • General human factors.
  • The effects of flight on physiology.
  • Health aspects induced or worsened by flying.
  • Social psychology in the context of aviation.
  • Human performance and limitations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made when:
  • Distinguishing between the health aspects induced or made worse by flight.
  • Avoiding environmental hazards in the workplace. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, community to:
  • Deal with the challenges of alcohol, drugs and medication in terms of work performance.
  • Deal with the factors that impact on human performance in the workplace. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsively and effectively when:
  • Distinguishing between the health aspects induced or made worse by flight.
  • Dealing with the challenges that diminish or negatively impact on work performance.
  • Avoiding environmental hazards in the workplace. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information to:
  • Distinguish between the health aspects induced or made worse by flight.
  • Deal with the challenges that diminish or negatively impact on work performance. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentation to:
  • Deal with the challenges that diminish or negatively impact on work performance. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  65010   National Certificate: Aviation Support Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2018-06-30  TETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Lanseria International Airport Pty Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.