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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Pour molten metal into a mould to produce a casting 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
264044  Pour molten metal into a mould to produce a casting 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 1  NQF Level 01  20 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for people who work, or intend to work in a manufacturing process or similar environment where foundry moulds are required for the metal product casting process. The skills, knowledge and values reflected in this unit standard will contribute towards the achievement of a National Certificate in Foundry Operations at NQF Level 2. Equipment operated in this unit standard is against a set of specific instructions.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Plan to pour molten metal.
  • Transport ladle of molten metal.
  • Align ladle with mould.
  • Pour molten metal into a mould. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credits allocated to this unit standard assume that the learner has a General Education and Training Certificate (GETC) in Manufacturing, Engineering and Related Activities (NQF Level 1) or an equivalent qualification. It also assume that the learner is working towards a qualification as part of a learning programme, which integrates all the required unit standards.

    The learning time will increase if the learner does not have:
  • A relevant NQF Level 1 qualification.
  • Experience in a relevant field.
  • Relevant quality awareness principles and procedures.

    The learning time will be decreased if the learner has experience in this field because:
  • The learning programme will be adjusted to build on what the learner already know.
  • The learner can apply to have that prior learning recognised. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The scope and level of this unit standard is indicated by range statements related to the specific outcomes:
  • Planning includes availability of cranes and transport trolleys.
  • Casting consumables include exothermic powder and pyrometer probes.
  • Ladle pouring mechanisms include bottom pour, lip pour and teapot spout ladles.
  • Ladle types include single hand shank, double hand shank, slide gate, stopper bottom pour and gearbox driven ladles.
  • Activities are performed in line with organisational, sectoral and international standards where applicable. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Plan to pour molten metal. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Casting schedule is interpreted according to procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Sequence of casting is planned according to procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Test bar moulds and tags are checked for availability at work station. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Casting consumables, lifting and transport equipment are checked for availability at work station and serviceability. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Applicable safety, health and environmental principles and procedures are applied. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Team members are informed of planned activity according to communication procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Transport ladle of molten metal. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Work area is cleared according to procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Alert workers in direct area of molten metal in transit using hand signals. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Ladle is transferred to transport trolley where applicable according to procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Ladle is transported to casting area according to procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Applicable safety, health and environmental principles and procedures are applied according to worksite requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Align ladle with mould. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Ladle is hooked, lifted and moved above runner cup according to procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Ladle is aligned above runner cup according to procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Temperature is continuously measured until correct tapping temperature is achieved as per production schedule. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Applicable safety, health and environmental principles and procedures are applied according to worksite procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Pour molten metal into mould. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Stopper is opened or ladle is tilted to cast metal according to procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Liquid metal stream is controlled according to procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Hot topping is applied to risers on mould according to procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Test bars are cast and labels are attached according to procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Remaining molten metal in ladle is disposed of according to procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Applicable safety, health and environmental principles and procedures are applied according to worksite procedures. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An assessor, accredited with a relevant NQF Level 4 or higher qualification, will assess the learner's competency. Only an Assessor with suitable first hand experience in process operations will assess the learner's competency.
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against the qualification must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this qualification must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described in the associated unit standards.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this qualification may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Things I know and can explain:

    Names & functions of:
  • Liquid metal casting equipment.
  • Liquid metal transporting equipment.
  • Casting consumables.

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
  • Types of metals.
  • Casting consumables.

    Sensory cues:
  • Relating to the transport and casting of liquid/molten metal into a mould.

    Purpose of:
  • Adding exothermic powders to mould risers.
  • Controlling liquid metal stream.

    Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
  • Transporting and casting of liquid/molten metal.

    Procedures and techniques:
  • Controlling liquid metal stream.
  • Aligning ladle with mould.
  • Applicable worksite procedures.
  • Applicable safety, health and environmental principles and procedures.
  • Relevant quality awareness principles and procedures.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Applicable safety, health and environmental legislation and regulations.

    Theory, rules, principles, laws:
  • Teamwork principles.

    Relationships, systems:
  • Relationship between liquid metal casting temperature, rate of casting and final product quality. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems relating to casting a mould. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team group, organization or community by organising timeous transport of molten metal to casting area. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage my activities and myself by planning my own work before casting a mould. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by interpreting the casting schedule and determining a sequence of operation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively by reporting that moulds are ready for casting. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically by utilising metal casting equipment. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems: how casting metal at the wrong temperature can affect the quality of the product. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  66512   National Certificate: Foundry Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2013-11-07  MERSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.