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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the influence of wood structure, its properties and production factors on quality in a wood products environment 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
117235  Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the influence of wood structure, its properties and production factors on quality in a wood products environment 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Wood Products 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Forestry and Wood Technology 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  15 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for people who can describe the influence of wood structure and properties, and certain production factors on its quality, whilst adhering to other agreed standards pertaining to performance, safety, quality, and the environment.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Explain the wood quality requirements generally specified by the main users of wood products (Range: all relevant appearance specifications and strength specifications)
  • Describe the effect of wood growth properties on these quality requirements (Range structure, knots, spiral grain, juvenile wood, reaction wood, annual rings, heartwood and sapwood)
  • Describe the effect of machined wood properties on these quality requirements (Range; dimensional accuracy, surface quality)
  • Describe the effect of the drying out process of wood on these quality requirements 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    A Learner who wishes to enter a learning programme for this Unit Standard must be able to demonstrate:
  • Competency in mathematical and communication skills equivalent to that of a person who has qualified in these subjects at NQF 3;
  • An understanding of the structure of wood and its relationship to its strength and appearance, and how it holds water;
  • Knowledge and skills in the relevant workplace procedures, health and safety measures equivalent to NQF 3. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Choose from one of the following:) Wood Preservation, Tannin Extraction, Trusses, Charcoal Manufacture, Match Manufacture, Bulk Bin, Box and Pallet Repair and Manufacture, Veneer and Plywood, Fibreboard and Chipboard

    a) The scope of this Unit Standard covers:

    i The typical scope of this Unit Standard covers the "Range" as described in the specific outcomes of this unit standard.
    ii The personnel involved in the Wood Products plant.
    iii The raw materials processed and products produced in the Wood Products plant.
    iv The basic work procedures and health and safety requirements relevant to the Wood Products plant.
    v The basic environmental management principles relevant to a Wood Products plant.

    b) The typical context of this unit standard is the training of a Learner at NQF Level 4 in the effect of wood growth and production factors on its quality

    c) The Level assigned to this Unit Standard, i.e. Level 4, is appropriate because it entails the training of a novice in a Wood Products manufacturing environment and is a progression of the skills acquired from Levels 4 to 6. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain the wood quality requirements generally specified by the main users of wood products. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    All relevant appearance specifications and strength specifications 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The explanation of the wood quality requirements usually specified by the main users of wood confirms that knowledge and understanding of the needs of the end users regarding wood quality. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The explanation is given in the correct timber trade and wood technological terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Clear explanations are given demonstrating an understanding of the specifications of the end users of wood. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Describe the effect of wood growth properties on these quality requirements. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Structure, knots, spiral grain, juvenile wood, reaction wood, annual rings, heartwood and sapwood 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The description of the effect of wood growth properties on quality requirements demonstrates knowledge and understanding of the details of wood growth properties and how these affect quality. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The relevant growth properties and their effect on quality are described in the correct wood technological terminology. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Describe the effect of machined wood properties on these quality requirements. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Dimensional accuracy, surface quality 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The description of the machined wood properties that affect the quality of wood demonstrates knowledge and understanding of machining defects that can occur on wood products. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The description is given in the correct wood machining terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The machining defects that affect wood quality are correctly described as detailed in work instructions. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Describe the effect of the drying out process of wood on these quality requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The description of the effect of the wood drying out process on its quality, demonstrates knowledge and understanding of how wood dries out. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The description is given in the correct wood technological terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The correct details of all the factors that play a role in the wood drying process are described as detailed in the work instructions. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    An individual who wishes to be assessed against this Unit Standard may apply to, or inform, his immediate superior in the relevant workplace, to request management to arrange for his / her assessment by the relevant assessor accredited for this purpose by the ETQA of the FIETA. Accreditation for this Unit Standard shall be from the relevant Education and Training Quality Assurer (FIETA ETQA) through formative and summative assessment by a registered Assessor. Assessment should be contextual and be conducted in the workplace as far as possible.

    The relevant NSB and SGB should be notified of any feedback related to this qualification.
  • Assessors must be registered as an Assessor with the relevant ETQA
  • Moderators must be registered as assessors with the relevant ETQA
  • Training providers must be accredited by the relevant ETQA
  • Moderation should include both internal and external moderation where applicable
  • The FIETA ETQA will co-ordinate all moderation activities in accordance with their policies and procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    A demonstrated understanding of:

    i Mathematical and communication skills equivalent to NQF Level 4 requirements;
    ii The effect of wood growth and production factors on the quality specifications generally required by the main users of wood;
    iii The NQF Level 4 learner's responsibilities regarding the safety and health stipulations, the workplace procedures and the environmental management principles relevant to the specific workplace. 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively and efficiently as a team member in this work area. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively and efficiently as a team member in this work area. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Outcomes that Learners achieve will be judged subject to these being achieved:

    i) Within the standard time prescribed by the organisation;
    ii) While following all the safety procedures required by the OSHACT and the workplace; and
    iii) Strictly according to the organisation's work place procedures.

    Values

    The use of tasks and materials in the learning event plan should not discriminate against learners on any grounds prescribed in the Bill of Rights and Employment Equity Act and should promote the orientations outlined in the critical cross-field outcomes. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  49083   National Certificate: Wood Products Processing  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 
    Elective  66289   Further Education and Training Certificate: Lumber Milling  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2016-12-31  FPMSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. ENB Training Service(PTY)Ltd 
    2. Future Discovery Training Academy CC 
    3. Nikwe Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    4. Sekhukhune FET College - Central Office 
    5. Tirhani SkillsTraining Pty Ltd 
    6. VEB CELE & Associates (Pty) Ltd 
    7. Vicmat Consultants 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.