SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Identify and explain ICT risks and recommend security solutions 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
117926  Identify and explain ICT risks and recommend security solutions 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Computer Sciences and Information Systems 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Information Technology and Computer Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Explain and differentiate between Information Technology and Communication Technology.
  • Explain what is risk.
  • Describe information security problems and recommend simple solutions.
  • Describe computer viruses and virus attacks.
  • Describe the management of computer viruses using anti-virus software.

    The performance of all elements is to a standard that allows for further learning in this area. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit value of this unit standard is calculated assuming a person is competent in:
  • Mathematical literacy and communication skills at least at NQF Level 3.
  • Describe the application and effect of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) on society (ID 117928 - NQF Level 4). 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain and differentiate between Information Technology and Communication Technology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Information Technology and Communication Technologies (ICT) is explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Differentiate between Information Technology and Communications Technology.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Explain how information and communication technologies have converged. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any three of: Cable Internet, Web TV, Gaming consoles, WAP, GPRS.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Explain the benefits of converging technology. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain what is Risk. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Explain what are risks/threats (general definition). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Identify and explain what risks are associated with ICT. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Data loss/theft, hardware and software loss/theft, unauthorized access, espionage, piracy, breach of copyright, viruses.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Explain what effects these threats have on organizations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Loss of revenue, business slows down, competitors gain advantage, face legal action, high cost of replacement, poor public image.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Describe information security problems and recommend simple solutions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Explain what is information security. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Describe the main information security control areas. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The system, the environment, policies/procedures.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Describe and recommend system controls. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any three of: Passwords, access rights, UPS, drive locks, warning alarms (hardware and software anti virus software.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Describe and recommend environment controls. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any three of: Access control, guards, locks fencing, air conditioners, cleanliness, anti static.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Explain what are policies and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Explain what is acceptable and unacceptable usage of ICT's. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Explain the implications for unacceptable use of ICT's. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Describe Computer Viruses and Virus Attacks. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Types of computer viruses are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any two of: Trojans, worms, time bombs, logic bombs, macro viruses.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Methods of spreading viruses are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any three of: copying disks, hacking, e-mail attachments.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Methods of protecting against viruses are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any two of: Userid, passwords, emails, email attachments, internet downloads, anti-virus software, piracy.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Computer viruses are explained in term of the threats it poses to computer environments. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Describe the management of computer viruses using anti-virus software. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Computer viruses are defined in terms of their construct and effect. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Classes of computer viruses are defined in terms of their impact. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    File-infectors, Systems or boot-record infectors, Macro viruses.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Methods of disinfecting files are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Automatic scanning, file scan.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The reasons for keeping anti-virus software updated and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Examples of current anti-virus software are given. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Minimum of 3 examples.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The relevant Education and Training Quality Authority (ETQA) must accredit providers before they can offer programmes of education and training assessed against unit standards.

    Moderation Process:
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Performance of all elements is to be carried out in accordance with organization standards and procedures, unless otherwise stated. Organisation standards and procedures may cover: quality assurance, documentation, security, communication, health and safety, and personal behavior.
  • Performance of all elements complies with the laws of South Africa, especially with regard to copyright, privacy, health and safety, and consumer rights.
  • All activities must comply with any policies, procedures and requirements of the organizations involved, the ethical codes of relevant professional bodies and any relevant legislative and/or regulatory requirements.
  • Performance of all elements is to be completed within the normal range of time and cost that would be expected in a professional environment (e.g. in a commercial or government organization). 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made by understanding security aspects of using computers in modern society. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively by effectively using a variety of safeguards to maintain security of a computer environment. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organize, and critically evaluate information by remaining alert to new viruses that could effect the computer. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion when engaging with the subject. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by acting responsibly when using a computer. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Assessor Notes:
  • Possible laws applicable to this standard could include acts like Access to Information Acts; Copyright Acts, Constitution of the Country being assessed in.

    Abbreviations:
  • PC - Personal computer.
  • CD - Compact disk.
  • GUI - Graphical User Interface. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  61591   National Certificate: Information Technology: End User Computing  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  83026   National Certificate: Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Software Testing  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2023-06-30  MICTS 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Academy at Vaal Triangle (AVT 
    2. Academy of Training and Allied Services Pty Ltd 
    3. Academy Training Group 
    4. Acorser Corporate & Business Consulting t/a Acorser Academy 
    5. Act of Grace 97 
    6. Action for Blind and Disabled 
    7. Action4 
    8. Added Advantage Academy 
    9. Addskills Computer Training 
    10. Affirmations Training 
    11. Afrika Tikkun 
    12. All Nation Group Five Trading and Projects 
    13. Amadi Institute of Management And Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    14. Amilak Training Center 
    15. Angie Technologies 
    16. Answer The Call Skills ands En 
    17. ASMO INSTITUTE OF BUSINESS AN 
    18. Aspirations Communication Training CC 
    19. Assured Vocational Skill Institute 
    20. ATTI (Advanced Technonogy Training Institute) 
    21. ATTI IT SOLUTIONS (Bloemfontei 
    22. ATTI Kimberley 
    23. ATTI Nelspruit Pty Ltd 
    24. Atvance Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    25. Aviwe Business Development and 
    26. Awona Technologies cc 
    27. Balefile Trading and Services 
    28. Basadipele Skills Development and Training 
    29. baseni 
    30. BEE Clinic Pty Ltd 
    31. Bells Technical College 
    32. Birnam Business College (Pty) 
    33. Bokamoso Skills and Economic Development Centre 
    34. Bophelo Tota ICT Driving Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    35. Brainwave Projects 1430 cc 
    36. BTC Campus (Pty) Ltd 
    37. Business Optimization Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    38. BYTES PEOPLE SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
    39. Cape Innovation Technology Initiative 
    40. Cape Town Society for the Blind 
    41. Careers IT 
    42. CENTRE FOR EXCELLENCE & PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 
    43. CHILI PEPPER INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS 
    44. City College 
    45. Claas Illustration 
    46. Clean Heat Academy 
    47. College Africa Group (Pty) Ltd 
    48. COLUMBUS TECHNOLOGIES PTY LTD 
    49. Comfortable Tech 
    50. Common Vision Young Specialist Trading cc 
    51. CompEd IT Training 
    52. Compus training institution 
    53. COMPUSTEPS COLLEGE (PTY) LTD 
    54. Computer and Careers 
    55. Creative Minds Rustenburg 
    56. CSL Accountants 
    57. CTU Training Solutions 
    58. CW Trainers 
    59. CYBAX SYSTEMS 
    60. CYBER-CITY IT SOLUTIONS 
    61. Cyber.Com Career Academy 
    62. DAB Health Care Centre 
    63. DC Academy (PTY)LTD 
    64. DC Dynamic College of Commerce 
    65. Decade Pulse (Pty) Ltd 
    66. Dee's Training (Pty) Ltd 
    67. Delight Computer Training 
    68. Dibana Business Consultants 
    69. Ditlotlo Trading Enterprise 
    70. DVG Media Training 
    71. DYNAMIC DNA (PTY) LTD 
    72. Dynamic Dyvention Trading and 
    73. Eagle Computer Training 
    74. Eagle High IT Training 
    75. EAST LONDON MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE 
    76. Eastern Cape Academy of Technology 
    77. ED-U Options Academy 
    78. Ekasi IT Solutions Centre 
    79. Ekurhuleni Artisans and Skills Training Centre Pty Ltd 
    80. Elangeni Training Institute 
    81. Elchees Software Solutions 
    82. Emalahleni Institute of Techno 
    83. Embroser Solutions Pty Ltd 
    84. Enter on Stilts 
    85. Epitome Villa (Pty)Ltd 
    86. Eshybrand Pty Ltd 
    87. EYETHU NATIONAL COMPUTER COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    88. FACULTY TRAINING INSTITUTE PTY LTD 
    89. Falcon Business Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    90. Finweb Business Consultancy 
    91. Forek Institute of Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    92. Foster-Melliar (Pty) Ltd 
    93. Four Stars Communication 
    94. Fourways Private College 
    95. FSM Source of Success Youth Development 
    96. Futurekids SA (Fochville) 
    97. GCABS 
    98. Genii Institute PTY LTD 
    99. Gert Sibande FET College 
    100. Gigimo Tourism Academy 
    101. Gijima Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    102. Global Institute for Capacity 
    103. Godisang Development 
    104. Goldfields TVET College 
    105. Growth Management Consulting cc 
    106. Gurandbuilt Management Development 
    107. HAVOHEJ CONSULTANCY 
    108. Hazyview Computer College 
    109. HCLS HUMAN CAPITAL LEARNING SOLUTIONS 
    110. Hectic Productions cc 
    111. HILLCROSS BUSINESS SCHOOL (PTY 
    112. Hlanganani ICT (Pty) Ltd 
    113. Home of Compassion/Grace Ministries 
    114. HUAWEI Technologies Africa (PTY) LTD 
    115. iCollege College 
    116. Ikusasa Technology Solutions 
    117. Ikusasalethu Youth Development 
    118. iLearn Corporate Services PTY LTD 
    119. Imbizo Training and Development Consultants Cc 
    120. Information Technology Resource Centre 
    121. INSIGHTTECH COMMUNICATIONS Pty 
    122. Institute of Training and Education for Capacity Building 
    123. IT Academy 
    124. IT Labs Consulting 
    125. IT-HI-Q Training (PTY) Ltd 
    126. Ithemba IT Solution 
    127. Iyam Training Services 
    128. Jeppe College of Commerce and 
    129. Jonda Learning Academy 
    130. K Boneng Consulting Services P 
    131. K Centre Business Enterprise (PTY) LTD 
    132. Keep The Dream 285 
    133. KEYBASE PRETORIA 
    134. Keybase Training Solutions Cc 
    135. King Sabata Dalindyebo TVET College 
    136. Kingswood Academy 
    137. Kishugu Training (Pty) Ltd 
    138. KN Training Specialist 
    139. KT Mobile Services 
    140. Kundani Trading 
    141. L and P Computer Academy Pty Ltd 
    142. Labournet Learning and Development Solutions 
    143. Learnfast Training Solutions ( 
    144. Leseding Computer Systems 
    145. LETAGO DEVELOPMENT CONSULTING 
    146. LIMPOPO COMPUTER COLLEGE BK 
    147. LINDAMAHLE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (PTY) LTD 
    148. Loja Trading cc 
    149. Loomee Group 
    150. LUPHINDI BUSINESS SOLUTIONS 
    151. LYFE COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES (PTY) LTD 
    152. Mackeys Computing (Pty) Ltd 
    153. Makhophila Training 
    154. Malope IT Solutions 
    155. Marilyn Chili Consulting 
    156. Masakhane Training and Consult 
    157. Mash Computer Training 
    158. MBOWA COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    159. Metanoia Ratings PTY LTD 
    160. Mikyle Consulting 
    161. MINDWORX CONSULTING GAUTENG PTY LTD 
    162. MMELA VILLAGE TECHNOLOGIES (PT 
    163. MND Training and Projects 
    164. Mogapi Education Group 
    165. Moripe Business Training and C 
    166. MORTERBOARD TRAINING SOLUTIONS 
    167. Motlhamme Executive Management 
    168. Moving Ahead Development Agenc 
    169. MP Avuxeni Computer Academy 
    170. Mpande Technologies cc 
    171. Mpisholo Training Solutions 
    172. Mthonyama Technologies cc 
    173. Mufuka Business and Technical 
    174. Multi Tech College 
    175. Musengavhadzimu Media 
    176. Nape Angwato Trading 
    177. Natfin Holdings Pty Ltd 
    178. NBC Technologies 
    179. NCC - Vereeniging 
    180. NCM Computer and Business Academy 
    181. Ndulita Solutions 
    182. Netcampus (Pty) Ltd. 
    183. New Era Computer Training Centre (Hidobyte CC) 
    184. New Link Computer Skills 
    185. New Trend Computers cc 
    186. Nkangala Skills Centre 
    187. Nolwazi Stem Education for The 
    188. Nomasojabula Computer Project 
    189. Northern Computer Training Centre 
    190. Ntamunde Investment 
    191. Ntandokazi Holdings Pty Ltd 
    192. NW Avuxeni Computer Academy 
    193. Nyankwavi Inverstment 
    194. Nyathela Business College 
    195. Nyelati Trading Enterprise 
    196. Olrich Home of Technology 
    197. On the Ball College Pty ltd 
    198. OPELONG BUSINESS INSTITUTE (PT 
    199. Overcomers Training College (P 
    200. Paramixed Pty Ltd 
    201. Parkton College of Catering & Tourism Studies 
    202. Peo Entle HIV Wellness Management and Youth Skills Development NPO 
    203. Petcon Capacity Building Solut 
    204. Pioneer Business Consulting 
    205. Polokwane Technology Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    206. Pretoria Technical College 
    207. Priha Projects Pty Ltd 
    208. Progressive School of Business 
    209. Prophesy Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    210. PROSERV SA (PTY) LTD 
    211. PRX SCHOOL TEST 
    212. QUARPHIX (PTY) LTD 
    213. Ramotec Business College 
    214. Rand Training College 
    215. Reaithuta Computer Academy 
    216. Redefine Human Capital (PTY) L 
    217. Revival Technologies and Academy 
    218. Richfield Graduate Institute of Technology Pty Ltd 
    219. Rostec Technical FET College (Pty) Ltd 
    220. S MAB ACADEMY 
    221. Sabile Human Resources Consult 
    222. Saiker Training (Pty) Ltd 
    223. SANDM IT TRAINING (PTY) LTD 
    224. SED Computer Academy 
    225. Sesk Facilitation Development (PTY) LTD 
    226. Silulo Ulutho Technologies 
    227. Sisekelo Sustainability Institute 
    228. Sivile Housing Association RSA 
    229. Siyabonga Multi - Purpose Centre 
    230. Siyafunda CTC 
    231. Skills Unlimited 
    232. South Africa Advanced Skills Institute(SAAI) 
    233. SOUTH AFRICAN CORPORATE TRAINI 
    234. Sovereign Skills Development Institute (Pty) 
    235. Spears Business and Life Couch Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    236. SPLS Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    237. Springs Comtech College 
    238. Step Ahead Computer Training Centre 
    239. SUCCESS BUILDERS INTERNATIONAL CC 
    240. Success Christian Training Cen 
    241. Succinct Investments (Pty) Ltd 
    242. Supreme ICT Consultants 
    243. Synergistic Covenant Network NPO 
    244. Taal-Net Training Institute 
    245. Talent Development 
    246. TBL Empowerment Hub 
    247. Tech-Com Solutions cc 
    248. Techtisa (pty) Ltd 
    249. Terrawood 
    250. Terry Computer Services cc 
    251. Thalita Koume Directions (Pty) Ltd 
    252. The Finishing College (Pty) Lt 
    253. THE SKILLS DEVELOPMENT CORPORA 
    254. Think Tank T2 (Pty) Ltd 
    255. Tinotel Communications 
    256. TIRA TELECOMS 
    257. Titan Trade Technologies 
    258. Tlou Foundation College 
    259. TORQUE TECHNICAL COMPUTER TRAINING PTY LTD 
    260. Tshiredo Training Academy 
    261. Tshwane College of Commerce an 
    262. Tsima Consulting Development S 
    263. TSP COLLEGE 
    264. TURFLOOP TRAINING SERVICES CC 
    265. Ubuhlanti Sances Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    266. Ukwazi Academy and Corporate S 
    267. Umbrella Training and Development 
    268. Umbusi Consulting Services 
    269. Urban Journey 
    270. UTHINGO BRITE SERVICES 
    271. Varsity Institute of Science & Technology (Pty)Ltd 
    272. Vastratech Pty) Ltd 
    273. Visionary Skill Academy 
    274. VUTHLARI MARKETING CONSULTING 
    275. Waterberg TVET College 
    276. Wellinkwise Pty Ltd 
    277. Whitestone College 
    278. WORK SKILLS RESOURCES CC 
    279. Working Solution International 
    280. WW.IT-IQ Training & Solutions 
    281. Xylo Trading 12 (Pty) Ltd 
    282. YAB Business Solutions (Pty)Ltd 
    283. YITRO INNOVATIONS 
    284. Yonet Training Academy 
    285. Youth Media Movement 
    286. ZA WIT (PTY) LTD 
    287. Zealot Business College 
    288. Zikode Development Trust 
    289. ZIPHELELE RURAL DEVELOPMENT AC 
    290. ZJ Africa Learn 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.