SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Support an underground working place by means of a thin-sprayed lining 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
119095  Support an underground working place by means of a thin-sprayed lining 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Mining and Minerals 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Fabrication and Extraction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
2005-11-30  2008-11-30  SAQA 0763/05 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2009-11-30   2012-11-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful to people who have the responsibility of supporting an underground working place by means of a thin-sprayed lining.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Explain the specified requirements pertaining to the support of an underground workplace by means of a thin-sprayed lining.
  • Prepare to support an underground workplace by means of a thin-sprayed lining.
  • Support an underground workplace by means of a thin-sprayed lining. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit calculation is based on the assumption that learners are already competent in terms of the following outcomes or areas of learning when starting to learn towards this unit standard:
  • Follow basic health and safety practices underground. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain the specified requirements pertaining to the support of an underground workplace by means of a thin-sprayed lining. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The basic principles of thin-sprayed lining support are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include:
  • Thickness.
  • Coverage.
  • Timeousness.
  • Strength and composition.
  • Monitoring.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The basic principles of the operation of thin-sprayed lining equipment are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The significant risks and consequences associated with the workplace hazards pertaining to thin-sprayed lining support are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range of workplace hazards must include:
  • Unsafe ground conditions.
  • Unsafe support conditions.
  • Extreme temperatures.
  • Visible dust.
  • Inadequate ventilation.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The significant risks and consequences associated with work-related hazards pertaining to thin-sprayed lining support are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range of work related hazards must include:
  • Working at heights.
  • Rolling stock/moving equipment/self- propelled mobile machinery.
  • Working with equipment and spray under pressure.
  • Inadvertent manipulation of controls.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare to support an underground workplace by means of a thin-sprayed lining. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The required personal protective equipment is available, fit for purpose, operational and used in accordance with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The required tools and equipment is made available in the workplace, fit for purpose and operational in accordance with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The area where the thin-sprayed lining is to be applied is examined for workplace hazards and these hazards are dealt with according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range of workplace hazards must include:
  • Unsafe ground conditions.
  • Unsafe support conditions.
  • Extreme temperatures.
  • Visible dust.
  • Inadequate ventilation.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Tools, material and equipment are transported in accordance with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The area where the thin-sprayed lining is to be done is prepared according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range of preparations must include:
  • Removal of obstructions.
  • Loose rocks.
  • Cable suspension.
  • Air, water and ventilation columns suspension.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Scaffolding to assist with thin-sprayed lining support at excessive heights is erected in accordance with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The consequences to safety, health and production of not adhering to specified requirements when preparing to support an underground workplace by means of thin-sprayed lining, are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range of non-adherence to specified requirements must include:
  • Personal protective equipment.
  • Tools and equipment.
  • Area examination.
  • Transporting material and equipment.
  • Erecting of scaffolding.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Supporting an underground workplace by means of a thin-sprayed lining. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The mixture is sprayed in accordance with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include:
  • Sequence.
  • Technique.
  • Operation of controls.
  • Thickness.
  • Setting Times.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Work-related hazards are dealt with in accordance with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range of work-related hazards must include:
  • Working at heights.
  • Rolling stock/moving equipment/self-propelled mobile machinery.
  • Working with equipment and spray under pressure.
  • Inadvertent manipulation of controls.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Tools and equipment are prepared and stored for subsequent use and those defective are dealt with in accordance with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Interpersonal interaction is positive, consistent with specified requirements, promotes effective teamwork and avoids dysfunctional conflict. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Reports are completed and submitted in accordance with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The consequences for health, safety and production should specified requirements not be adhered to whilst supporting an underground workplace by means of a thin-sprayed lining, are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range of non-adherence to specified requirements must include:
  • Spraying of concrete mixture.
  • Preparation and storage of tools and equipment.
  • Interpersonal interaction.
  • Reports.
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Essential embedded knowledge will be assessed through assessment of the specific outcomes in terms of the stipulated assessment criteria. Candidates are unlikely to achieve all the specific outcomes, to the standards described in the assessment criteria, without knowledge of the listed embedded knowledge. This means that for the most part, the possession or lack of the knowledge can be directly inferred from the quality of the candidate's performance. Where direct assessment of knowledge is required, assessment criteria have been included in the body of the unit standard.

    The embedded knowledge required for this unit standard is found in:
  • Specific Outcome 1: Explain the specified requirements pertaining to the support of an underground workplace by means of a thin-sprayed lining. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking:
  • The ability of the candidate to identify sub-standard and hazardous conditions, assess and take appropriate action. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community:
  • The ability and willingness of the candidate to accept and interpret work instructions correctly. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively:
  • The ability of the candidate to indicate what methods, tools and personal protective equipment is required and communicate to fellow workers his/her intentions and assistance required. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information:
  • The ability of the candidate to reconcile the information from visual and physical examinations and constantly evaluate the changing situation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations:
  • The appropriate communication with the relevant personnel with regard to the reporting of hazards and sub-standard conditions will indicate his/her proficiency in effective communication. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others:
  • The use of science and technology is not relevant for this unit standard. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation:
  • The ability of the candidate to identify and refer anomalous behaviour to a specialist confirms understanding that a specific observation, inference, action or decision can have a devastating effect. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Terminology:

    Specified requirements:

    Specified requirements include legal and site-specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:
  • Legal:
    > Relevant Acts: e.g. Mine Health & Safety Act, 1996 (Act no 29/1996), and Minerals Act and Regulations, 1991 (Act no 50/1991).
    > Mandatory Codes of Practice.
    > SABS and other relevant Standards.
    > Chief Inspector of Mines' Directives.
  • Site specific:
    > Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments (HIRA).
    > Occupational Health and Safety Risk Management Programme.
    > Managerial Instructions.
    > Mine Standard Procedures.
    > List of Recorded OH&S Risks.
    > Working Guides.
    > Equipment and Materials Specifications.

    Notes to assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent.

    Unit standard justification:

    Attribute; Level; Justification:
  • Skills; 2; The skills that are required show some variety, but are still fairly simple.
  • Procedures; 2; Although the procedure is known and familiar (as in Level 1), it is not as repetitive.
  • Context; 2; Although the process could occur in different contexts, these contexts are repeatedly applicable and known to the candidate.
  • Knowledge; 3; Relevant theoretical knowledge is required.
  • Information processing; 2; Information is readily available but some processing is required.
  • Problem solving; 2; The candidate will only have to apply given solutions to known/familiar problems.
  • Orientation of activities; 2; Instructions are to be followed.
  • Application of responsibility; 2; The candidate has some responsibility for the quantity and quality of the item of competence but not for the overall output.
  • Orientation of scope responsibility; 2; Candidate's output is checked for quality.

    Average level: 19/9=2.10
    Actual level assigned: 2

    Credits:
    Total hours required by the learner to achieve the required outcome:

    Activity:
  • Classroom teaching: 16 hours
  • On-the-job training : 24 hours
  • Total: 40 hours

    Credits achieved: 40/10=4.0
    Credits assigned: 4 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  49013   National Certificate: Mining Operations: Underground Hard Rock  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2007-08-16  Was MQA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. ALLOYS HEAD OFFICE 
    2. ASSMANG BEESHOEK MINE 
    3. BARBERTON MINES (PTY) LTD 
    4. BOKONI PLATINUM MINES (PTY) LTD 
    5. CONCOR PROJECTS PTY LTD 
    6. DEI GRATIA TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT SOLUTION 
    7. DIGGERS TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT SERVICES 
    8. EASTERN CHROME MINES 
    9. EASTERN CROME MINES SAMANCOR 
    10. ENDAWENI TRAINING 
    11. FINSCH DIAMOND MINE(PTY) LTD 
    12. FOSKOR (PTY) LTD 
    13. GLENCORE OPERATIONS SOUTH AFRICA PTY LTD 
    14. HARMONY GOLD MINING CO LTD 
    15. KHUTALA MINING SERVICES PL 
    16. MANCAS CONSULTINGS CC 
    17. MATHOME TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT (PTY) LTD 
    18. NORTHAM PLATINUM LTD 
    19. PALABORA COPPER (PTY) LTD 
    20. SAFETY AND TRAINING SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
    21. SENZEKO EXECUTIVE RISK CC 
    22. SHAFT SINKERS MINING PTY LTD 
    23. SIBANYE GOLD LIMITED - BEATRIX DIVISION 
    24. STARCROW 36 (PTY) LTD 
    25. TRAIN THE NATION AND ASSOCIATES (PTY) LTD 
    26. VENETIA MINE 
    27. WESTERN CHROME MINES 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.