SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Explain how data is stored on computers 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14944  Explain how data is stored on computers 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Information Systems and Technology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Information Technology and Computer Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is intended:
  • to provide conceptual knowledge of the areas covered
  • for those working in, or entering the workplace in the area of Information Systems and Technology Management
  • as additional knowledge for those wanting to understand the areas covered

    People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Describe the roles of IS departments in organisations
  • Describe the structures of IS departments in organisations
    The performance of all elements is to a standard that allows for further learning in this area. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit value of this unit is based on a person having prior knowledge and skills to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of fundamental mathematics (at least NQF level 3).
  • Demonstrate PC competency skills (End-User Computing unit Standards, at least up to NQF level 3). 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate an understanding of computer data types. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The demonstration distinguishes between data types and includes examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Bits (0,1) , Bytes, Numbers , Integers (+- values, whole items), Floating point (temperature, voltage, etc), Boolean (0/1 on/off).
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description of the use of coding systems in a business environment distinguishes categories of coding systems and includes examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    BCD, EBCDIC (IBM mainframes), ASCII (micro & mini computers), UNICODE.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The demonstration illustrates how data manipulation operations are performed on data types. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Describe computer data structures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The description distinguishes types of computer data structures and identifies examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Bits, Bytes, Characters, Fields, Records, Files, Databases.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description distinguishes types of computer files and identifies examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Master, Transaction, Temporary, Document , Serial, Sequential, Indexed, Direct.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The description distinguishes types of computer databases and identifies examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Hierarchical, Network, Relational, SQL (Completeness, Non-redundancy, Structure).
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The relevant Education and Training Quality Authority (ETQA) must accredit providers before they can offer programs of education and training assessed against unit standards.
    Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    1. Performance of all elements is to be carried out in accordance with organisation standards and procedures, unless otherwise stated. Organisation standards and procedures may cover: quality assurance, documentation, security, communication, health and safety, and personal behaviour.
    2. Performance of all elements complies with the laws of South Africa, especially with regard to copyright, privacy, health and safety, and consumer rights.
    3. All activities must comply with any policies, procedures and requirements of the organisations involved, the ethical codes of relevant professional bodies and any relevant legislative and/ or regulatory requirements.
    4. Performance of all elements should be performed with a solid understanding of the use of development tools needed in the areas applicable to the unit standard. Examples of such tools are, but is not limited to CASE tools, programming language editors with syntax checking, program source version control systems systems.
    5. Performance of all elements should make use of International capability models used for Software Development. Examples of such models include (but is not limited to) the ISO SPICE model as well as the CMM model for Software Development. 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage him/her self and his/her activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise, and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exists in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to his/her full personal development and the social and economic development of the society at large by being aware of the importance of: reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively, exploring education and career opportunities and developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Sub-Sub-Field (Domain):
    Systems Development 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  78965   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Systems Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Core  24294   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Systems Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2010-01-23  Was MICTS until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  78964   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Technical Support  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Core  24293   National Certificate: Information Technology: Technical Support  Level 4  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L4  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2010-01-23  Was MICTS until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  50479   Further Education and Training Certificate: Advertising  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. A4 Consultancy Pty Ltd 
    2. Academy at Vaal Triangle (AVT 
    3. Academy of Training and Allied Services Pty Ltd 
    4. Academy of Training and Development 
    5. Acorser Corporate & Business Consulting t/a Acorser Academy 
    6. Advanced Assessments and Train 
    7. Affirmations Training 
    8. Afric Training Centre and Security Studies PTY LTD 
    9. Afrika Tikkun 
    10. All Nation Group Five Trading and Projects 
    11. Amadi Institute of Management And Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    12. Amilak Training Center 
    13. Angie Technologies 
    14. Answer The Call Skills ands En 
    15. APEXEA 
    16. Artshub Institute 
    17. ATTI (Advanced Technonogy Training Institute) 
    18. ATTI IT SOLUTIONS (Bloemfontei 
    19. ATTI Kimberley 
    20. ATTI Nelspruit Pty Ltd 
    21. Atvance Academy Pty Ltd 
    22. Atvance Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    23. Atvance Learning PTY LTD 
    24. Awona Technologies cc 
    25. AWRISE 
    26. Azania Academy 
    27. Bacom Computers 
    28. Balefile Trading and Services 
    29. Basadipele Skills Development and Training 
    30. Bavelile Consultants and Training Pty Ltd 
    31. BDCE (Pty) Ltd 
    32. Bells Technical College 
    33. Blue Ora Pty Ltd 
    34. Boland College 
    35. Bonitas Unversity College 
    36. Bophelo Tota ICT Driving Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    37. Brainwave Projects 1430 cc 
    38. Bristol Training College 
    39. BYTES PEOPLE SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
    40. Cape Innovation Technology Initiative 
    41. Careers IT 
    42. City College 
    43. Claas Illustration 
    44. Clean Heat Academy 
    45. College Africa Group (Pty) Ltd 
    46. COLUMBUS TECHNOLOGIES PTY LTD 
    47. Comfortable Tech 
    48. Common Vision Young Specialist Trading cc 
    49. Competence computer and business management 
    50. Compus training institution 
    51. CSL Accountants 
    52. CTU Training Solutions 
    53. CYBAX SYSTEMS 
    54. CYBER-CITY IT SOLUTIONS 
    55. DAB Health Care Centre 
    56. DC Dynamic College of Commerce 
    57. Dee's Training (Pty) Ltd 
    58. Delight Computer Training 
    59. Dibana Business Consultants 
    60. Digital Media Arts College 
    61. Digital Paper (Pty) Ltd 
    62. DOGOODCIRCLE 
    63. DVG Media Training 
    64. DYNAMIC DNA (PTY) LTD 
    65. Dynamic Dyvention Trading and 
    66. EAST LONDON MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE 
    67. ED-U Options Academy 
    68. Edging Forward Training and Co 
    69. EHLANZENI TVET COLLEGE 
    70. Ekasi IT Solutions Centre 
    71. Ekurhuleni Artisans and Skills Training Centre Pty Ltd 
    72. Elchees Software Solutions 
    73. Embroser Solutions Pty Ltd 
    74. Epitome Villa (Pty)Ltd 
    75. Eshybrand Pty Ltd 
    76. EYETHU NATIONAL COMPUTER COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    77. Falcon Business Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    78. Finweb Business Consultancy 
    79. Footprint Media academy Pty ltd 
    80. Forek Institute of Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    81. Foster-Melliar (Pty) Ltd 
    82. Four Stars Communication 
    83. Fourways Private College 
    84. Fullimput108 (Pty) Ltd 
    85. Future Africa Consulting t/a Future Africa Consulting & Training 
    86. Futurekids SA (Fochville) 
    87. Gabasega Consulting and Training Centre 
    88. Gauteng College of Engineering 
    89. GCABS 
    90. Genii Institute PTY LTD 
    91. Gijima Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    92. Global Institute for Capacity 
    93. Godisang Development 
    94. Gold Class Group 
    95. Golden Step Campus (Pty) Ltd. 
    96. Greenview Training and Development Skills Centre 
    97. Growth Management Consulting cc 
    98. Guest Resource Services 
    99. Gurandbuilt Management Development 
    100. HCLS HUMAN CAPITAL LEARNING SOLUTIONS 
    101. Heartlines College 
    102. HILLCROSS BUSINESS SCHOOL (PTY 
    103. Hlanganani ICT (Pty) Ltd 
    104. Home of Compassion/Grace Ministries 
    105. HUAWEI Technologies Africa (PTY) LTD 
    106. iCollege College 
    107. Ikusasa Technology Solutions 
    108. Ikusasalethu Youth Development 
    109. iLearn Corporate Services PTY LTD 
    110. Impact Sourcing Academy - NPO 
    111. Information Technology Resource Centre 
    112. Ingomsotech Solutions and Trai 
    113. Initium 
    114. INSIGHTTECH COMMUNICATIONS Pty 
    115. Institutional Higher Education 
    116. intelliscient Technologies (Pty) Ltd 
    117. Isivande Projects 
    118. ISOLVE BUSINESS SOLUTIONS PTY LTD 
    119. IT Academy 
    120. IT Labs Consulting 
    121. IT-HI-Q Training (PTY) Ltd 
    122. Ithemba IT Solution 
    123. ITI 
    124. Jeppe College of Commerce and 
    125. Johannesburg Institute of Engi 
    126. Jonda Learning Academy 
    127. K Boneng Consulting Services P 
    128. Keep The Dream 285 
    129. Kgolo Institute 
    130. King Sabata Dalindyebo TVET College 
    131. Kingswood Academy 
    132. KMT Training and Business Solutions 
    133. KT Mobile Services 
    134. Kundani Trading 
    135. KVR Training and Business Solutions 
    136. Lamus Training Academy 
    137. Learnfast Training Solutions ( 
    138. LEPHAILA PRINTERS 
    139. Lephalale Business & Technical 
    140. Leseding Computer Systems 
    141. LETAGO DEVELOPMENT CONSULTING 
    142. LIMPOPO COMPUTER COLLEGE BK 
    143. LINKINGNOTES 
    144. Loomee Group 
    145. LUPHINDI BUSINESS SOLUTIONS 
    146. Makhophila Training 
    147. Malope IT Solutions 
    148. Mamelodi Digital Centre cc 
    149. MANAGED OUTSOURCED TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS PTY LTD 
    150. Mapubo Consulting 
    151. Mash Computer Training 
    152. Matiwane Computer Networks (Pty) Ltd 
    153. MBOWA COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    154. Mentec Group PTY LTD 
    155. Metanoia Ratings PTY LTD 
    156. Mmamohule General Traders 
    157. Mmanape Private Technical Coll 
    158. MMELA VILLAGE TECHNOLOGIES (PT 
    159. MND Training and Projects 
    160. Mogapi Education Group 
    161. MOKALENG IT 
    162. MORTERBOARD TRAINING SOLUTIONS 
    163. Mothusi Management Consultants 
    164. Moving Ahead Development Agenc 
    165. Mpande Technologies cc 
    166. MSC Business College 
    167. Mufuka Business and Technical 
    168. Multi Tech College 
    169. Musengavhadzimu Media 
    170. MVM Multimedia 
    171. Nape Angwato Trading 
    172. NBC Technologies 
    173. NCC - Vereeniging 
    174. Nchebeko Skills Consultancy (PTY) LTD 
    175. NCM Computer and Business Academy 
    176. Nemja Security and Projects Pty Ltd 
    177. New Trend Computers cc 
    178. NEWDAY UNITED NPC 
    179. NEWLEIGH BUSINESS COLLEGE 
    180. Nkangala Skills Centre 
    181. Nolwazi Stem Education for The 
    182. Ntandokazi Holdings Pty Ltd 
    183. Nyankwavi Inverstment 
    184. Nyathela Business College 
    185. Olrich Home of Technology 
    186. OMNIVISION INSTITUTE 
    187. On the Ball College Pty ltd 
    188. OPELONG BUSINESS INSTITUTE (PT 
    189. Overcomers Training College (P 
    190. PACE Academia College (Pty) Lt 
    191. Pelican Training (Pty) Ltd 
    192. Peo Entle HIV Wellness Management and Youth Skills Development NPO 
    193. Petcon Capacity Building Solut 
    194. PHUTHUMA TEL PTY LTD 
    195. PLATINUM PEAK CONSULTING (PTY) LTD 
    196. Polokwane Technology Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    197. Pretoria Technical College 
    198. Priha Projects Pty Ltd 
    199. Progressive School of Business 
    200. Prophesy Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    201. PROSERV SA (PTY) LTD 
    202. QUALITATIVE INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS 
    203. QUARPHIX (PTY) LTD 
    204. Rand Training College 
    205. Rasinkhu Investment (Pty) Ltd 
    206. Resisa Logistics cc 
    207. Revival Technologies and Academy 
    208. RHULLYS INNOVATIVE SKILLS TRAI 
    209. Richfield Graduate Institute of Technology Pty Ltd 
    210. Rivoni Training N Communicatio 
    211. Rofane Consulting 
    212. Rostec Technical FET College (Pty) Ltd 
    213. SA College of Technology (PTY) 
    214. Sabile Human Resources Consult 
    215. SANDM IT TRAINING (PTY) LTD 
    216. Silulo Ulutho Technologies 
    217. Sivile Housing Association RSA 
    218. SM SAFETY AND TECHNICAL LEARNI 
    219. Sokwanya Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    220. South Africa Advanced Skills Institute(SAAI) 
    221. South African Business and Tec 
    222. Sparrow FET Enterprises (Pty) Ltd 
    223. Spears Business and Life Couch Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    224. Spina Consultancy 
    225. SPLS Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    226. Star Light Consulting 
    227. SUCCESS BUILDERS INTERNATIONAL CC 
    228. Success Christian Training Cen 
    229. Successors Training Institute 
    230. Supreme ICT Consultants 
    231. Synergy Transformation Solutio 
    232. Taal-Net Training Institute 
    233. Tau Ya Mariri Consulting 
    234. TBL Empowerment Hub 
    235. Tech-Com Solutions cc 
    236. Techtisa (pty) Ltd 
    237. Terry Computer Services cc 
    238. The Finishing College (Pty) Lt 
    239. THE SKILLS DEVELOPMENT CORPORA 
    240. Think Tank T2 (Pty) Ltd 
    241. Thubelihle Graduate Institute 
    242. Tinotel Communications 
    243. TIPP ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
    244. Titan Trade Technologies 
    245. Tlatlana Trading (PTY) LTD 
    246. Tlou Foundation College 
    247. TORQUE TECHNICAL COMPUTER TRAINING PTY LTD 
    248. Triple Desire Trading & Projects 43 
    249. Tshiredo Training Academy 
    250. Tshwane College of Commerce an 
    251. Tsima Consulting Development S 
    252. TSP COLLEGE 
    253. Two Aces Learnerships 
    254. Ukwazi Academy and Corporate S 
    255. Urban Journey 
    256. Varsity Institute of Science & Technology (Pty)Ltd 
    257. Vastratech Pty) Ltd 
    258. Visionary Skill Academy 
    259. Vodacom (Pty) Ltd 
    260. VSS College (Pty) LTD 
    261. VUTHLARI MARKETING CONSULTING 
    262. Wavelengths Technology Training Institute 
    263. Wellinkwise Pty Ltd 
    264. Westrand Youth Development 
    265. Whitestone College 
    266. WORK SKILLS RESOURCES CC 
    267. Working Solution International 
    268. Xylo Trading 12 (Pty) Ltd 
    269. YAB Business Solutions (Pty)Ltd 
    270. YITRO INNOVATIONS 
    271. Yonet Training Academy 
    272. Youth Media Movement 
    273. ZA WIT (PTY) LTD 
    274. Zikode Development Trust 
    275. ZJ Africa Learn 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.