|All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.|
|SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY|
|Further Education and Training Certificate: Inspection and Assessment (Non-Metallics)|
|SAQA QUAL ID||QUALIFICATION TITLE|
|50021||Further Education and Training Certificate: Inspection and Assessment (Non-Metallics)|
|SGB Plastics Manufacturing|
|PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY||NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK|
|MERSETA - Manufacturing, Engineering and Related Services Education and Training Authority||OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework|
|Further Ed and Training Cert||Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology||Manufacturing and Assembly|
|ABET BAND||MINIMUM CREDITS||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||QUAL CLASS|
|Undefined||150||Level 4||NQF Level 04||Regular-Unit Stds Based|
|REGISTRATION STATUS||SAQA DECISION NUMBER||REGISTRATION START DATE||REGISTRATION END DATE|
|LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT||LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT|
|In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.|
This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification.
|PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION|
This is the first in a series of qualifications which recognise learning in respect of skills and knowledge needed to carry out inspection and assessment of thermoplastic, polymer composite and elastomeric (non-metallic) components and installations.
The achievement of this qualification would be an indicator that a candidate has the requisite knowledge and skills in order to engage in inspection and assessment activities. This award of this qualification does not automatically constitute the right to practice as an inspector. The requirements for licensing and registration would continue to be the responsibility of the authorities accredited to do this.
This series of qualifications builds the required manufacturing, inspection and assessment skills and knowledge in a systematic way. The qualifications correspond broadly to the different grades of inspectors, ie in-house inspector, competent person and inspector of pressure vessels. But they also go beyond the licensing requirements and develop the competence for a broader quality assurance function.
This and the related qualifications will act as a framework for providers, assessors and learners to plan, implement and measure the outcomes of suitable learning programmes, or the recognition of prior learning. These qualifications can also be used by the relevant accreditation authority to licence and register inspectors.
The specific purpose of this qualification represents the skills, knowledge and understanding required by competent practitioners to:
The competent practitioner will have a good understanding of:
This qualification will also assist employers to conform to quality standards which require self-inspection of a factory, or a part of it, to be carried out by personnel of the company. This qualification will also provide status for people involved in this function and will build a greater awareness of the need for quality assurance amongst manufacturing staff, customers and end-users.
This qualification will also serve as a basis for further learning in the field of inspection and assessment of non-metallics.
This qualification has been developed to address the lack of qualifications for the inspection and assessment of non-metallics. Non-metallics are relatively new polymeric materials. They are being increasingly used in the manufacture of installations, plant and equipment, including systems under pressure. These materials include thermoplastics, thermosets (including polymer composites) and elastomers which are used in a range of applications, in particular for their resistance to corrosion and a variety of chemicals. Applications include plant, equipment, vessels, piping, valves, linings, coatings, insulations and attachments. Complex installations are assembled from a variety of components and include systems under pressure.
Since these applications are generally safety critical in nature, quality assurance is required in the whole life cycle of the manufactured items, from their design to their disposal. Such quality assurance processes require qualified people to perform the inspections and assessments.
While the activity of inspection and assessment is an important component of quality assurance in the manufacturing field generally, it is particularly important for the manufacture of installations, including systems under pressure. Inspection and assessment is required during the design, manufacture, testing, installation and service life of the manufactured items.
The lack of suitably qualified people has resulted in numerous problems in the field, ranging from poor design to inadequate maintenance. Of particular concern is the fact that, because of the shortage of specialised inspectors for non-metallics, inspectors qualified in other materials or other industries are making judgements about materials of which they have little knowledge. As a result, non-metallic materials and the non-metallic manufacturing industry have suffered a loss of credibility.
This qualification, which is part of a series, is therefore designed to provide recognition for the skills, knowledge and values required for this important function of performing inspections and assessment in order to assure the quality of items manufactured from non-metallic materials.
At the time of development of this qualification there were no qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework for inspection and assessment activities. Since inspection and assessment are fairly generic activities found in a variety of industries, this qualification has been designed in such a way that it can also act as the basis for the development of qualifications for inspection and assessment in other contexts.
|LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING|
|It is assumed that learners are already competent in Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 3.
Recognition of prior learning:
This qualification may be obtained through the process of RPL. The learner should be thoroughly briefed prior to the assessment and support should be provided to assist the learner in the process of developing a portfolio. While this is primarily a work-based qualification, evidence from other areas of endeavour may be introduced if pertinent to any of the exit level outcomes.
Access to the qualification:
There is open access to this qualification. A workplace is, however, a prerequisite to obtaining the relevant work experience and evidence required for the Exit Level Outcomes.
|RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING?|
|The Qualification consists of a Fundamental, a Core and an Elective Component.
To be awarded the Qualification, learners are required to obtain a minimum of 150 credits as detailed below.
The Fundamental Component consists of Unit Standards in:
It is compulsory therefore for learners to do Communication in two different South African languages, one at NQF Level 4 and the other at NQF Level 3.
All Unit Standards in the Fundamental Component are compulsory.
The Core Component consists of Unit Standards to the value of 82 credits all of which are compulsory.
The Elective Component consists of Unit Standards to the value of 68 credits. Learners are to choose Unit Standards to the minimum of 12 credits.
|EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES|
|The Exit Level Outcomes for this qualification reflect a combination of Specific Outcomes and Critical Cross-field Education and Training Outcomes. The way in which the Critical Outcomes have been advanced through the learning required for this qualification is embedded in the way in which the unit standards have been constructed. Critical Outcomes form the basis of acquiring the skills and knowledge and values. The application of these in a specific context results in the achievement of Specific Outcomes. The integration of Specific Outcomes from a variety of unit standards results in the ability to achieve the Exit Level Outcomes.
1. Read and interpret drawings, understand manufacturing instructions and plan inspection processes.
2. Implement inspection processes, evaluate manufactured components and determine compliance with specifications.
3. Maintain the required documentation, compile quality assurance reports and report findings.
4. Interact, liaise and communicate with manufacturing personnel, members of supervisory and management levels, and end-users.
|ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA|
The integrated assessment must be based on a summative assessment guide. The guide must spell out how the assessor will assess different aspects of the performance and will include:
The learner may choose in which language he/she wants to be assessed. This should be established as part of a process of preparing the learner for assessment and familiarising the learner with the approach being taken.
While this is primarily a workplace-based qualification, evidence from other areas of endeavour may be presented if pertinent to any of the Exit Level Outcomes.
The assessment process should cover the explicit tasks required for the qualification as well as the understanding of the concepts and principles that underpin the activities. The assessment process should also establish how the learning process has advanced the Critical Cross-ffield Outcomes.
Assessors should also evaluate evidence that the learner has been performing consistently over a period of time.
|As with many qualifications in emerging fields and using new materials, it is difficult to find qualifications with which we can compare this submission. However, the following can provide some guidance and a basis for comparison:
In general these qualifications (ie 1 and 2, above) are not well-specified to enable comparisons of qualifications developed to meet SAQA requirements. They do, however, in general conform to the pattern described for the Certified Quality Technician (CQT) Program of the American Society for Quality. The applied competence is described as:
> Membership in ASQ or one of its foreign affiliates, or another society that belongs to the American Association of Engineering Societies or Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology.
> Registration as a professional engineer; or c) obtaining the signatures of two persons -- either ASQ, foreign affiliate, other recognized professional society members -- verifying that the candidate is "a qualified practitioner of the quality sciences".
This submission deals with the first and third criteria discussed above. The inspection authority would take these into account when deciding on the second criterion.
This extract demonstrates, too, that this is a qualification for occupational competence. While courses play a role in the awarding of such a qualification, experience in a field or sub-field is an essential ingredient of the overall applied competence. A written examination is not enough on its own to prove competence.
As this extract demonstrates, there is little evidence of progression or career pathing for inspection and assessment practitioners.
A career path can be constructed using the different levels of inspection described by the World Health Organisation for inspection of pharmaceutical manufacturers:
The Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspector job family has three levels of work which are distinguished by the complexity of job assignments, the extent of responsibility assigned and the level of expertise required for completion of assigned tasks.
This is the basic level where employees perform inspection and compliance duties with close supervision and receive specialized training on boilers, pressure vessels, steam lines, weld procedures and applicable rules, methods and techniques. Performs inspection and compliance duties with close supervision.
Knowledge, Skills and Abilities required at this level are knowledge of pressure retaining items such as boilers, pressure vessels and steam lines, of basic mechanical apparatus/equipment theory and operation, of inspection and investigative methods and procedures, of report writing, and of the application of safety concepts, rules and codes. Ability to conduct inspections and investigations; to write reports; to apply safety codes and standards; to establish and maintain effective working relationships with others; and to communicate effectively, both orally and in writing. Ability to learn complex mathematical formula. Ability to work in close, confined spaces and to work in high places.
Education And Experience requirements at this level consist of sixty semester hours of college, including twelve hours of mathematics or physical science and one year of experience in the construction, operation or inspection of boilers or pressure vessels, or production experience in the oil and gas industry or physical plant operation; or an equivalent combination of education and experience, substituting one year of experience in the construction, operation or inspection of pressure retaining items such as boilers, air tanks or pressure vessels for the sixty semester hours of college.
This is the career level where tasks are performed independently and incumbents are given some latitude technically with freedom to develop their own work sequence under established guidelines and policies. Incumbents also inspect and review quality control and safe operation standards evaluation and assessment, and evaluate the engineering and design capabilities as well as the configuration of the environment in which installation and operation occurs, using a variety of applicable standards and calculations.
Knowledge, Skills and Abilities required at this level include those identified in Level I, plus knowledge of quality control methods and procedures; and of mechanical engineering and scientific formula and their specific application to a variety of sophisticated devices and complex installations. Ability is required to provide consultation and advice; and to discern appropriate formulas and codes for complex applications.
Education and Experience requirements at this level consist of those included in Level I and possession of a valid Commission issued by the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors. (No substitution will be allowed for the valid Commission)
This is the leadership level of the job family where employees are assigned responsibility for planning, directing and supervising the work activities of inspectors who are conducting boiler and pressure vessel inspections and investigations. Positions are assigned responsibility for the supervision of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors, including reviewing and assigning work, providing training and evaluating performance. Some positions may provide direct supervision which includes responsibilities for employee development, approving leave and initiating disciplinary actions, as well as performing related administrative functions.
Knowledge, Skills and Abilities required at this level include those identified in Level II plus knowledge of supervisory principles and practices. Ability is required to direct the work of others and to conduct multiple projects simultaneously.
Education and Experience requirements at this level consist of those identified in Level II plus four years of experience in the inspection of boilers and pressure vessels to also include in-service inspections, accident and incident investigations and review of repair and alteration plans and computations, substituting the successful completion of the "B" endorsement examination, offered by the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors, for twelve months of the required experience.
The following illustrates how the levels described above compare with our South African NQF levels:
Courses for the inspection component range, for example, from:
1. Two weeks full time covering the following:
Basic aspects of inspection, Inspector's responsibilities, duties, attributes and the understanding of legislation, Boilers and Pressure equipment, Safety during Inspection, Methods of inspection, pressure equipment Inspection, Assessment of pressure equipment integrity, Materials, Manufacture, Common modes and causes of deterioration and failure, Repairs, alterations (modification), replacement and rerating, Documentation, Inspection and repair of specific pressure equipment (to AS/NZS3788).
2. 4 semesters for a diploma or 8 semesters for a bachelor of science degree which cover all aspects of design, manufacturing and quality as a basis for career in inspection and assessment and result in the following outcomes:
> Mechanical Design; where knowledge and skill are required to conceive requirements, provide analysis, integrated design solutions, testing and verification of concept, and the ability to present the design using acceptable methods.
> Manufacturing; where knowledge and skill are required to develop manufacturing plans, design integrated production systems with quality, cost and safety requirements, and considering operation in national and global environments.
> Applied Thermal Science; where knowledge and skill are required to analyze, design, test and correct fluid and thermal systems involved in various industrial conversion processes, and in comfort control
> Plastics and Composites; where knowledge and skill are required to establish design requirements, provide manufacturing plans and systems for optimized performance
> Communication Skills; requiring the use of various media to communicate concepts, technical assessments and design solutions to a variety of audience including those with limited engineering knowledge
> Ethics, Interpersonal and Social Skills; expected for professional practice in an environment requiring team effort, were decisions and actions can effect citizens and communities.
This latter qualification indicates some of the difficulties in designing a qualification for inspection and assessment. The inspection process is buried deep within the overall qualification which may have other purposes besides inspection.
There are generally two routes to acquiring the competencies to perform inspection and assessment activities:
As a general rule, to gain experience and to qualify for registration, inspectors would have to perform inspections under the guidance of an experienced registered person at the same level or above. This is explained in relation to the pharmaceutical industry:
Embedded in the inspection and assessment competencies is the notion of maturity, as indicated by the American Society for Quality in relation to environmental analysts (who perform an inspection and assessment role in order to maintain safe and healthy working environments in factories, etc):
As part of the development of these qualifications, the contents of two local courses were reviewed and incorporated into the qualifications. These courses, which are run at the Vaal University of Technology and the Durban Institute of Technology, have also been benchmarked against similar international courses.
|Articulates horizontally to:
Articulates vertically to:
|Moderators for the qualification should be registered as moderators with the relevant ETQA and qualified in inspection and assessment. Moderators should be qualified assessors in their own right.
To assure the quality of the assessment process, the moderation should cover the following:
|CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS|
|The following criteria should be applied by the relevant ETQA:
> Maintaining national standards.
> The interests of the learner.
> The need for transformation and redressing the legacies of the past
> The cultural background and language of the learner.
|As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015.|
|ID||UNIT STANDARD TITLE||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||CREDITS|
|Core||14708||Commission and hand over thermoplastic fabrications||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Core||13254||Contribute to the implementation and maintenance of business processes||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Core||120225||Inspect complex non-metallic manufactured components and assemblies||Level 4||NQF Level 04||28|
|Core||120221||Maintain business relationships during inspection and assessment processes||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Core||14586||Monitor and control quality control practices in a manufacturing/engineering environment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Core||120220||Perform destructive and non-destructive tests on non-metallics||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Core||120223||Prepare and manage quality documentation||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Core||13301||Produce complex engineering drawings||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Fundamental||8968||Accommodate audience and context needs in oral communication||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||8969||Interpret and use information from texts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||8973||Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||8970||Write texts for a range of communicative contexts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||12155||Apply comprehension skills to engage written texts in a business environment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||9015||Apply knowledge of statistics and probability to critically interrogate and effectively communicate findings on life related problems||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Fundamental||8974||Engage in sustained oral communication and evaluate spoken texts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||9016||Represent analyse and calculate shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional space in different contexts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Fundamental||8979||Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||7468||Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal, business, national and international issues||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Fundamental||12153||Use the writing process to compose texts required in the business environment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Elective||12429||Develop a personal financial plan||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Elective||116714||Lead a team, plan, allocate and assess their work||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Elective||12455||Perform the role of a safety, health and environmental protection representative||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Elective||116940||Use a Graphical User Interface (GUI)-based spreadsheet application to solve a given problem||Level 3||NQF Level 03||6|
|Elective||13941||Apply the budget function in a business unit||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Elective||119185||Maintain calibrated equipment and standards for plastics manufacturing processes||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Elective||13235||Maintain the quality assurance system||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Elective||13224||Monitor the application of safety, health and environmental protection procedures||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||10953||Operate a rigid vehicle||Level 4||NQF Level 04||32|
|LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.