|All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.|
|SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY|
|REGISTERED QUALIFICATION THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE:|
|National Diploma: Aircraft Piloting|
|SAQA QUAL ID||QUALIFICATION TITLE|
|58008||National Diploma: Aircraft Piloting|
|SGB Aerospace Operations|
|PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY||NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK|
|TETA - Transport Education and Training Authority||OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework|
|Advanced Certificate||Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences||Physical Sciences|
|ABET BAND||MINIMUM CREDITS||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||QUAL CLASS|
|Undefined||240||Level 6||NQF Level 06||Regular-Unit Stds Based|
|REGISTRATION STATUS||SAQA DECISION NUMBER||REGISTRATION START DATE||REGISTRATION END DATE|
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered"
|LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT||LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT|
|In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.|
This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification.
|PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION|
Pilots often progress from being involved only in flying to performing piloting management functions. This requires career pilots who employ a common body of knowledge gained by study, research, experience, and practice. They are required to apply their competencies with imagination, intuition, good judgement, reason, ethics, integrity and responsibility to the management, operation and development of safe, efficient and comprehensive national and international aviation and aerospace systems.
The qualification has been designed to allow for the full personal development of the pilot and forms part of a learning and career pathway towards obtaining endorsements, licensing and aerospace management and command. This qualification therefore provides the opportunity through which competencies and provision could be standardised. The way in which the pathway can be navigated is through the achievement of clusters of unit standards that facilitate various military endorsements or licences and civilian pilot licences such as the Airline Transport Pilot Licence.
Qualifying learners will be able to:
The aerospace industry provides an effective domestic, regional and international mode of transportation. It also provides support for national and regional security as well as support to peace keeping efforts and foreign aid missions. The aerospace industry is a key role player in the transport sector, in search and rescue operations, in disaster relief, in providing humanitarian aid, in environmental management and in the promotion of aviation in the Southern African Development Economic Community (SADC) region. This qualification contributes to the South African aerospace industry, which strategically impacts on the Sovereignty of the State, crime prevention and the development of the national and regional economy.
This qualification reflects the need from the aviation sector for pilots who are pursuing management careers within the aerospace industry. It provides learners with opportunities for career development and advancement within the broader context of the aerospace community so contributing to the provision of a safe, secure and viable aerospace environment.
Career-pilots partake in the management side of operations and work within a complex, highly stressful, time-critical environment that demands rapid application of acquired competencies. This qualification therefore reflects the need and demand within the aerospace environment for career pilots who will be able to perform operational, managerial and leadership functions involving complex skills and the application of international processes, procedures and legislation contextualised within the aerospace environment. Learners who have achieved this qualification will contribute to reduction of risk in the aerospace industry.
This qualification has been generated in accordance with the international legal framework and aligns South African piloting standards with international best practice. The occupations, jobs or areas of activity in which the qualifying learners will typically operate are, pilots, in-flight operations, aviation safety, aviation regulation, accident investigations and leadership in aviation contexts.
|LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING|
|It is assumed that the learners are competent in:
Recognition of Prior Learning:
The structure of this qualification makes the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) possible. This qualification may therefore be achieved in part or completely through the recognition of prior learning, which includes formal, informal and non-formal learning and work experience.
The learner should be thoroughly briefed on the mechanism to be used and support and guidance should be provided. Care should be taken that the mechanism used provides the learner with an opportunity to demonstrate competence and is not so onerous as to prevent learners from taking up the RPL option towards gaining the qualification. If the learner is able to demonstrate competence in the knowledge, skills, values and attitudes implicit in this qualification the appropriate credits should be assigned to the learner. Recognition of Prior Learning will be done by means of Integrated Assessment as mentioned above. Some competencies acquired through non-formal learning may not be recognised for pilot licensing purposes.
Access to the Qualification:
Access to the qualification is open to any learner in possession of the National Diploma: Aircraft Piloting at Level 5 or equivalent.
Note: Learners who do not satisfy international aviation medical requirements will be limited in terms of completing the qualification.
|RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING?|
Learners must choose either one of two categories of elective areas: Fixed wing or rotary wing aircraft. Learners must complete all listed unit standards in these two categories:
Fixed wing aircraft:
Rotary wing aircraft:
In addition to choosing one of the above-mentioned categories, learners wishing to work within the civil aviation sector must complete the following two unit standards:
Civil aviation stream electives:
Learners must choose additional unit standards from the remaining elective unit standards to comply with the credits required to complete the qualification.
|EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES|
|Qualifying learners are able to:
1. Critically review airmanship and its impact on flight operations that comply with the requirements of national and international aviation standards.
2. Utilise an aircraft to deliver a service.
3. Apply resource management in the context of aviation operations.
4. Provide leadership to a team in the context of aviation operations.
5. Manage a flight operation that will achieve stated objectives in accordance with national and international aviation standards.
6. Analyse and apply knowledge of the physical environment to optimize operations within the aviation context.
Elective Exit Level Outcome:
7. Analyse functioning and operations of a major airport.
Critical Cross-Field Outcomes:
This qualification promotes, in particular, the following critical cross-field outcomes, as listed in the constituent unit standards:
> Planning and performing flights to achieve objectives within the constraints of the aeroplane limitations and regulatory requirements.
> Acting as a sole pilot or a member of a flight crew.
> Planning ahead.
> Complying with applicable legislation.
> Performing appropriate checks and procedures.
> Using checklists where appropriate.
> Exercising command ability and manoeuvring the aeroplane within its limits in order to achieve the desired outcomes.
> Identifying symptoms of instrument, system and engine malfunctions.
> Radio and cockpit communication is in accordance with standard procedures and phraseology to ensure clarity and brevity of communication is achieved.
> Proper and effective visual scanning to clear the area before and while performing advanced manoeuvres.
> Operation of the aeroplane and its systems in accordance with the AFM/POH.
> Taking prompt corrective action when tolerances are exceeded.
> Flying the aeroplane in such a way that tolerance exceedences are kept to a minimum.
> A high level of situational awareness is maintained.
> Airspace restrictions and requirements are adhered to.
> Curfews, noise abatement procedures and other measures to minimise disturbance to the environment and the public are observed.
> Safe flying practice is maintained.
|ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA|
> Range: Flight environment includes but is not limited to: aircraft, traffic, practical physics, weather, visibility elements, airframe, engine, pilot, atmosphere, visibility and flight planning.
> Range: Policies and procedures include but are not limited to the threat and error management principles.
> Range: Crew includes but are not limited to on-board crew members, ground support members.
> Range: Procedures includes but is not limited to, standard operating procedures or recommended operating procedures, normal procedures, non-normal procedures, emergency procedures and supplementary procedures.
> Range: Unusual aircraft attitude refers to any roll, pitch or yaw orientation outside the normal flight conditions.
> Range: Preparing includes but is not limited to flight procedures, administration for flights, monitoring progress and standard operating procedures.
> Range: Flight environment includes but is not limited to both the on-board and external influences and resources including remote factors such pending problems or abnormalities or flight crew.
> Range: Human factors include but are not limited to interpersonal communications, interactions, team functions and stress management.
> Range: Analysis includes but is not limited to consideration of; usefulness of resources, available resources, time constraints, group, task and individual needs.
> Range: Behavioural markers should include but are not limited to markers identified and validated as those applicable in the Southern African aviation context.
> Range: Risks include but are not limited to environmental, physical and regulatory both apparent and perceived.
> Range: Crew includes but is not limited to on-board crew members and ground support members.
> Range: Analyses include but are not limited to aircraft capabilities, safety issues, performance and aircraft loading.
> Range: Physical principles must include transonic and supersonic airflow.
Elective Exit Level Outcome:
|The focus of this qualification is in line with international standards that deal with the so-called "commander" pilot competencies. These competencies relate to pilots flying large aircraft (aircraft with a certified mass of more than 5 700 kg) and pertain to flying conducted with passengers on board. This focus leads to the essential management and leadership skills needed to convert from purely flying an aircraft to delivering a client service with an aircraft. This qualification deals with these competencies.
Piloting competencies and international qualifications are regulated by legislation and regulations. In order to fly an aircraft one must do so within the parameters of international regulations set by organisations such as the International Civil Aviation Authority (ICAO). A pilot will not be able to legitimately fly an aircraft if these international prescripts are not adhered to. Therefore these international standards were used for benchmarking this qualification. A comprehensive comparison has been done with the ICAO Regulations and by implication this qualification has therefore been benchmarked with 186 countries that are all signatories to ICAO.
Certain countries also have national aviation authorities such as the JAA (Joint Aviation Authority), which operates and regulates aviation within Europe. The equivalent body in South Africa is the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), which is regularly audited by ICAO to ensure that licensing of South African pilots is aligned with international prescripts and regulations. The CAA was instrumental in the generation of this qualification and an alignment with licensing requirements has also been completed based on the competencies outlined in the qualifications. This qualification outlines the competencies needed by pilots to obtain private pilot's licenses and commercial pilots licences.
International comparability was conducted with the following countries to provide clear evidence that this qualification meets international standards:
Collectively these bodies determine international standards for aviation and therefore South Africa has to comply with at least these standards and recommended practices. To this end the qualifications and unit standards include at least the requirements of the stated authorities and bodies. This qualification was benchmarked against the ICAO and FAA body of knowledge, ICAO training manuals, selected ICAO programmes, FAA Practical Test Standards, FAA Advisory Circulars, Civil Aviation Medical Institute research findings and FAA Inspector's manuals.
Federal Aviation Authority (FAA)
Civil Aero Medical Institute (CAMI)
CAMI conducts research in four major areas, i.e.
Forensic Toxicology and Aircraft Accident Research; Human Factors; Protection and Survival and Training Organisational Research. These competencies are covered in this qualification by unit standards which deal with the limitations of human performance within the aviation environment and survival techniques. Certain competencies in terms of the commander pilot and leadership competencies have also been captured in this qualification by the following two unit standards:
The Federal Aviation Regulations (FARs) specify the areas in which knowledge and skill must be demonstrated by an applicant before the issuing of a pilot certificate or rating. The FARs provide the flexibility to permit the FAA to publish practical test standards containing specific TASKS (procedures and manoeuvres) in which competency must be demonstrated. Adherence to provisions of the regulations and the practical test standards is mandatory for the evaluation of pilot applicants. The Regulatory Support Division publishes various Practical Test Standards.
The FAA "Practical Test Standards" are well developed, well documented and include; outcomes, assessment criteria and a range statement. Practical test standards form the basis for certification of airmen in the USA and comply with ICAO regulations. In this qualification the following practical test standards was incorporated into identified unit standards:
Advisory Circulars (AC's)
Whereas advisory circulars (AC's) are issued to provide guidance and information in a designated subject area or to show a method acceptable to the Administrator for complying with a Federal Aviation Regulation, where they are in alignment with South African legislation, they were considered for incorporation into identified Unit Standards within this qualification. Specific assessment criteria were written which were based on the following advisory circulars:
Research findings underpin much of the FAA Regulatory process and serve as valuable repository of valid information. The following research findings were considered for incorporation, where relevant, and where they align with South African Legislation, in the respective qualifications and unit standards:
International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO)
The Chicago Convention
ICAO became a specialized agency of the United Nations linked to Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). The Air Navigation Bureau at ICAO headquarters provides technical expertise to the Assembly, Council and Air Navigation Commission in the following disciplines and respective sections: Aerodromes, air routes and ground aids; Accident investigation and prevention; Aeronautical information services and charts; Air traffic management; Communications, navigation and surveillance; Aviation medicine; Meteorology; Personnel licensing and training and Safety oversight. The Bureau develops technical studies for the Air Navigation Commission as well as recommendations for Standards and Recommended Practises (SARP's) relating to safety, regulatory and efficiency of international air navigation for the Council.
Standards and recommended practises:
Technical Manuals provide guidance and information in amplification of the International Standards, Recommended Practices and PANS, the implementation of which they are designed to facilitate.
The ICAO Standards was adopted as the minimum base line and the ICAO recommendations as guidance to further develop the relevant unit standards. In this regard unit standards, where relevant, reflect the ICAO standards as purpose and range statements.
ICAO Manuals that normally supplement the respective sections within ANNEXES and that serve as guidance material to comply with ICAO standards and recommendations were considered to:
Significant world best practises were observed and form part of the respective standards. Significant principles also emerged, such as recognising and building on existing experience and standards rather than re-inventing them.
Joint Aviation Training Authority (JAA)
The Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) is an associated body of the European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC) representing the civil aviation regulatory authorities of a number of European States who have agreed to co-operate in developing and implementing common safety regulatory standards and procedures.
The JAA's work started in 1970 (when it was known as the Joint Airworthiness Authorities). Originally its objectives were only to produce common certification codes for large aeroplanes and for engines. This was in order to meet the needs of European industry and particularly for products manufactured by international consortia (e.g. Airbus). Since 1987 its work has been extended to operations, maintenance, licensing and certification/design standards for all classes of aircraft. The JAA publishes detailed syllabi and standards for Pilots and airline crew. These standards were incorporated in this qualification.
|This Qualification articulates horizontally with the following:
This Qualification articulates vertically with the following:
|CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS|
|For an applicant to register as an assessor, the applicant needs:
|As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015.|
The application of the principles of skill, proficiency and discipline. It includes but is not limited to: knowledge of equipment, knowledge of self, knowledge of the environment, risks associated with flight operations, appropriate situational awareness and judgment.
The perception of the elements in the environment within a volume of time and space, the comprehension of their meaning, and the projection of their status in the near future.
Safe practice in flight operations:
Means a systematic and proactive process that minimises risks to aviation and the public whilst integrating flight operations, technical systems and resource management.
Where the term consistently is used with regard to assessment or the need to display competence it should be undertaken in accordance with ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices.
> Note: Aviation environment here refers to the perception of own and other crew members' emotional status that can influence quality of performance and/or effectiveness of communication onboard the aircraft and/or with air traffic/mission control.
|ID||UNIT STANDARD TITLE||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||CREDITS|
|Core||120300||Analyse leadership and related theories in a work context||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||8|
|Core||120305||Analyse the role that emotional intelligence plays in leadership||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||8|
|Core||243284||Command a flight operation on a large aircraft||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||15|
|Core||243288||Command during an emergency/non-normal situation on a large aircraft||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||15|
|Core||120060||Manage HF, UHF and data communication specific to aeroplanes||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||4|
|Core||120162||Navigate an aircraft with reference to radio aids||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||10|
|Core||243286||Perform aircrew related aircraft operations at an aerodrome||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||5|
|Core||120159||Perform instrument flight procedures||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||13|
|Core||243281||Perform pre- and post-flight procedures and administration||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||12|
|Fundamental||119032||Identify and deal with dangerous goods||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||13|
|Fundamental||243278||Analyse and apply safety principles in aviation||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||5|
|Fundamental||120158||Analyse the effects of aeroplane loading||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||4|
|Fundamental||243290||Analyse the purpose and functions of large aircraft components and emergency equipment||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||17|
|Fundamental||243282||Demonstrate the additional competencies required for conversion to a large aeroplane||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||10|
|Fundamental||120154||Demonstrate understanding of advanced aeronautical navigation||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||15|
|Fundamental||120160||Demonstrate understanding of advanced aircraft instrumentation||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||10|
|Fundamental||120149||Demonstrate understanding of advanced aircraft systems||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||8|
|Elective||243329||Perform night flying operations||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||3|
|Elective||243330||Perform planning for an Instrument Flight Rules flight||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||2|
|Elective||243285||Analyse operations at a major airport||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||15|
|Elective||120153||Apply knowledge of aircraft systems integration and data buses||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||12|
|Elective||115759||Conduct moderation of outcomes-based assessments||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||10|
|Elective||120148||Design Visual and Instrument Flight Procedures||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||18|
|Elective||117439||Disseminate information||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||15|
|Elective||117438||Inform policy||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||15|
|Elective||243283||Perform Extended Range Operations within Minimum Navigation Performance Specification areas||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||8|
|Elective||243277||Perform in-flight manoeuvres in a multi-pilot aeroplane||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||8|
|Elective||243280||Perform low visibility operations||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||8|
|Elective||243279||Perform multi-crew operations||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||11|
|Elective||243287||Perform pre-flight planning for large aeroplanes||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||11|
|Elective||243291||Perform Reduced Vertical Separation Minimums operations||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||8|
|Elective||243292||Perform take-offs, landings and go-arounds in a multi-pilot aeroplane||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||14|
|Elective||117428||Assess risk||Level 7||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L7||15|
|Elective||117429||Assessing risk impact||Level 7||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L7||15|
|Elective||117434||Conduct research||Level 7||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L7||15|
|LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.