|All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.|
|SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY|
|National Certificate: Rail Operations (Functional Yard Operations)|
|SAQA QUAL ID||QUALIFICATION TITLE|
|66709||National Certificate: Rail Operations (Functional Yard Operations)|
|SGB Rail and Pipeline Operations|
|PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY||NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK|
|TETA - Transport Education and Training Authority||OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework|
|National Certificate||Field 11 - Services||Transport, Operations and Logistics|
|ABET BAND||MINIMUM CREDITS||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||QUAL CLASS|
|Undefined||121||Level 3||NQF Level 03||Regular-Unit Stds Based|
|REGISTRATION STATUS||SAQA DECISION NUMBER||REGISTRATION START DATE||REGISTRATION END DATE|
|LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT||LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT|
|In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.|
This qualification replaces:
|Qual ID||Qualification Title||Pre-2009 NQF Level||NQF Level||Min Credits||Replacement Status|
|23893||National Certificate: Rail Operations (Functional Yard Operations)||Level 3||NQF Level 03||120|
|PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION|
A learner qualifying in this qualification will be able to execute train control functions to ensure the safe and timeous movement of rail-bound vehicles from one point to another under planned and controlled conditions.
A learner who has achieved this qualification will have extensive theoretical and practical knowledge and skills of all the functions in a marshalling yard and will manage the functional duties as required.
The qualifying learner will be capable of:
A safe and efficient rail transport system provides a key service of the transport sector of an economy. This qualification is intended for new entrants as well as existing personnel to gain formal recognition for learning in rail operations (yard personnel). It will serve to equip qualifying learners with the ability to perform functions related to a marshalling yard environment of rail operations.
This unit standards-based qualification was generated to provide an opportunity for entry into the rail operation industry at NQF Level 3, a foundation for further learning at NQF Level 4 as well as for further development from NQF Level 2.
This will allow persons currently in, or aspiring to enter the rail operations environment (Yard Personnel) and others to obtain an integrated practical and theoretical grounding in the operation of a marshalling yard and all the functions thereof, which includes utilising, planning and controlling of movement for shunting purposes.
This will ensure a portable, nationally recognised qualification that will:
The aim of this qualification is to create a life-long learning environment in which the individual can build on a personal career in the Rail Operations environment. The various skills programmes that exist will allow learners to progress to a national qualification in functional yard operations.
|LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING|
|It is assumed that a learner will be competent in:
Recognition of Prior Learning:
This Qualification and the entire fundamental, core and elective Unit Standards associated with it can be achieved by any learner through the recognition of prior learning, which includes learning outcomes achieved through formal, informal and non-formal learning and work experience. Learner and assessor will jointly decide on methods to determine prior learning and competence in the knowledge, skills, values and attitudes implicit in the qualification and the associated unit standards.
This Recognition of Prior Learning may allow for:
All Recognition of Prior Learning is subject to quality assurance by the relevant ETQA or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
Access to the Qualification:
|RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING?|
|The Qualification consists of a Fundamental, a Core and an Elective Component.
To be awarded the Qualification learners are required to obtain a minimum of 121 credits as detailed below.
The Fundamental Component consists of Unit Standards in:
All Unit Standards in the Fundamental Component are compulsory.
|EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES|
|1. Prepare and dispatch trains for safe movement on rail.
2. Execute protection procedures to ensure safe movement on rail.
3. Conduct rail yard functions.
|ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA|
|Assessment criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:
1.1. A train profile is formulated according to the nature of rolling stock and destination.
1.2. Shunting movement of rolling stock is controlled in a specific environment according to instructions, POSMOR and train working rules.
1.3. Rail vehicles are inspected for road worthiness and compilation is inspected and rectified according to organisational standards and procedures.
1.4. Despatching procedures, are executed according to organisational standards and procedures.
Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:
2.1. Radio communication skills are demonstrated during train control and protection procedures in accordance with protocols and organisational standards and procedures.
2.3. A high-voltage earthing switch is operated according to manufacturer specifications and instructions.
2.3. Procedures for the introduction, maintenance and discontinuation of on-track protection are executed in applicable area of operation according to train working rules.
Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:
3.1. Organisational requirements for various rail yard functions are described in terms of methods to achieve acceptable results.
3.2. Consequences of not adhering to organisational requirements are described in terms of the impact on the organisation and safety.
3.3. Rail yard functions are conducted in accordance with organisational requirements.
Integrated assessment at the level of the qualification provides an opportunity for learners to show that they are able to integrate concepts, principles and practice across unit standards to achieve competence that is grounded and coherent in relation to the purpose of the qualification. Integrated assessment should show how already demonstrated competence in individual areas can be linked and applied for the achievement of a holistic outcomes as described in the exit level outcomes.
Integrated assessment must judge the quality of the observable performance, and also the quality of the thinking that lies behind it. Assessment tools must encourage learners to give an account of the thinking and decision-making that underpin their demonstrated performance. Some assessment practices will demand practical evidence while others may be more theoretical, depending on the type of outcomes to be assessed. The ratio between action and knowledge is not fixed, but varies according to the demands of the particular exit level outcome of the qualification.
While the generic components of this qualification at NQF Level 3 can be assessed through occupational contexts and activities relating to Train Operations, care must be taken in both the learning programme and the assessment to ensure that these foundational skills are portable. The primary aim of this qualification is to ensure that learners have a sound general foundation to prepare them for further learning towards a specialised role in their chosen career path. Learners must be able to transfer generic skills across a number of different contexts, and apply them within a number of learning areas.
A broad range of task-orientated and theoretical assessment tools may be used, with the distinction between practical knowledge and disciplinary knowledge maintained so that each takes its rightful place.
Unit Standards in the qualification must be used to assess the specific and Critical Cross Field Outcomes. It is recommended that the assessment tools give Learners the opportunity to account for their decision-making and problem solving in line with the Specific Outcomes and related Assessment Criteria.
|The South African qualification was compared with equivalent international offerings in terms of the purpose, broad outcomes and the units of learning available in the following countries:
The comparable offering in the United Kingdom is a Level 2 NVQ in Rail Transport Operations (Shunting) 100/3579/5. This is a work-based qualification designed for candidates performing shunting operations within the rail industry to offer them the opportunity to prove competence of industrial performance, knowledge and understanding and to recognise their ability working in the sector. The purpose and broad outcomes of this qualification compares directly with the South African qualification.
Of the 7 mandatory units, the following 5 units compare closely with the outcomes described in the core unit standards of the National Certificate in Rail Operations, Level 3.
The following optional units also bear a close resemblance to either unit standard titles or specific outcomes of the South African unit standards:
The New Zealand National Certificate in Rail Operations, Level 3 worth 135 credits (Ref. 1109).
Includes the following core units that reflect a similarity with the South African qualification unit standards:
The following elective units cover similar learning areas as the South African unit standards as evidenced in unit standard titles, specific outcomes and assessment criteria:
The National Academy of Railroad Sciences (NARS) in the USA offers several programs toward a career on the railroad. These programs are offered at various institutions such as the Johnson Community County College campus and include training for:
Many of the competencies covered in the South African qualification relate to the Railroad Train Conductors programme that includes the supervision of pre-trip activities, over-the-road operation of their train, post-trip activities and overall safe and efficient movement of their train. The skills include the ability to:
Information on training provided for personnel of Deutche Bahn, the largest rail service provider in Europe, is not readily available.
The Ministry of Railways of the Indian Government is the operator of the largest rail network in the world and conducts training for personnel at the Railway Staff College in Baroda. Information on training is not readily available.
All the comparisons outlined above indicate a considerable overlap in areas of learning as outlined in the South African qualification. The broad purpose of these qualifications is to compile, shunt and control trains in normal and abnormal conditions. The type of train control systems that are used varies across countries, however, the safety requirements for working under high-voltage lines and the use of a two-way radio for communication confirms the extent of the similarities.
|The possibility exists for vertical articulation with this Qualification. The following qualifications serve as examples of vertical articulation:
Examples of horizontal articulation with this Qualification:
|CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS|
|As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015.|
|This qualification replaces qualification 23893, "National Certificate: Rail Operations (Functional Yard Operations)", Level 3, 120 credits.|
|ID||UNIT STANDARD TITLE||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||CREDITS|
|Core||264375||Adhere to disciplinary code and grievance procedures||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Core||260957||Compile a train||Level 3||NQF Level 03||12|
|Core||262446||Despatch a train||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Core||262449||Devise strategies for the maintenance of a healthy lifestyle||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Core||260918||Operate a radio transceiver||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Core||262445||Provide on-track protection||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Core||264338||Shunt rail vehicles||Level 3||NQF Level 03||18|
|Core||260919||Operate near and underneath high-voltage equipment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Fundamental||119472||Accommodate audience and context needs in oral/signed communication||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||9010||Demonstrate an understanding of the use of different number bases and measurement units and an awareness of error in the context of relevant calculations||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Fundamental||9013||Describe, apply, analyse and calculate shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional space in different contexts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Fundamental||119457||Interpret and use information from texts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||9012||Investigate life and work related problems using data and probabilities||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119467||Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||7456||Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal, business and national issues||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119465||Write/present/sign texts for a range of communicative contexts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Elective||120337||Demonstrate knowledge pertaining to the preparation, conducting, recording and follow-up actions of a planned task observation in a working place||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Elective||264384||Execute train movement procedures||Level 3||NQF Level 03||6|
|Elective||264417||Execute train operating contingency plans||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Elective||262448||Utilise fixed and temporary trackside indicators for rail movement||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Elective||264396||Utilise radio order system of train control||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Elective||264378||Utilise semaphore signals for rail movement on double lines||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Elective||264381||Utilise semaphore signals for rail movement on single lines||Level 3||NQF Level 03||6|
|Elective||264401||Utilise telegraph order system for safe movement on rail||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Elective||264394||Utilise the wooden train staff system of train control for safe movement on rail||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Elective||264399||Utilise Van Schoor method of train control for safe movement on rail||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Elective||260920||Explain the topographical concepts of a trajectory within the rail environment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Elective||116594||Function in a team||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||264397||Monitor railway stock and related equipment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Elective||264372||Utilise colour-light signalling for rail movement||Level 4||NQF Level 04||18|
|Elective||264418||Utilise pilot working for safe movement on rail||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||264294||Utilise track warrant system of train control||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|When qualifications are replaced, some (but not all) of their learning programmes are moved to the replacement qualifications. If a learning programme appears to be missing from here, please check the replaced qualification.
|PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.