SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Identify and measure the factors that influence productivity 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
114878  Identify and measure the factors that influence productivity 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Generic Management 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 03 - Business, Commerce and Management Studies Generic Management 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This Unit Standard will be of use to individuals who need an understanding of Productivity as a key managerial concept, focusing on measuring Productivity and the factors that influence it, in order to optimise enterprise resource management and/or improve profitability.

People credited with this Unit Standard will be able to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of what Productivity is.
  • Measure single factor Productivity and assess causes of the current levels of single factor Productivity.
  • Measure total factor Productivity.
  • Measure the quantitative factors that influence Productivity and establish their influence on Productivity and profitability.
  • Identify the qualitative factors that influence Productivity and establish their influence on Productivity. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that people starting to learn towards this Standard are competent in:
  • Communication at NQF Level 4
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 4 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the concept "Productivity". 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The concept "Productivity" is explained in terms of the output-input ratio. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Productivity is explained in terms of its core values. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The core values include, but are not limited to, continuous incremental improvement; doing it right first time; waste elimination; striving for satisfaction of recipient, of products/services.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Productivity is explained in terms of its benefits to society, the economy and the environment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The Productivity process is explained in terms of effectiveness, efficiency, utilisation and respect for human dignity. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The different types of Productivity are explained with examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The types of Productivity include only single factor and total factor Productivity as well as value added.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Measure single factor Productivity & assess causes of current levels of single factor Productivity. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    The current levels of single factor Productivity performance includes higher than expected, equal to expected and lower than expected levels. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Single factor Productivity is measured through the correct application of the output-input ratio. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Where required outputs or inputs are converted to Rand value to facilitate the adding of various outputs or inputs.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The causes of current levels of labour Productivity are identified with examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The causes of current levels of labour Productivity include, but are not limited to, absenteeism, non-availability of material and equipment, education, training and development, quality of materials and machines, leadership and supervision, employee relations and organisational culture.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The causes of the current levels of material Productivity are identified with examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The causes of current levels of material Productivity include, but are not limited to, quality of material, material wastage, continuous availability of material and optimal usage of material and competitive procurement.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The causes of the current levels of capital Productivity are identified with examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The causes of current levels of capital Productivity include, but not are limited to, machine breakages, machine idling and feeding rate and planned maintenance.
    Capital Productivity refers to and is limited to machine Productivity and the optimal use of equipment.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Measure total factor Productivity. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Measuring total factor Productivity refers to the simultaneous measurement of all three categories of factors of production, that is, labour, material and capital related items. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Total factor Productivity is correctly measured using the output/input ratio. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    All output and input items are included in the equation. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • The output is expressed in total units of similar products or similar service derivatives and the input in Rand value.
  • The output is expressed in Rand value and represents total revenue from dissimilar products and dissimilar services and the input in Rand value.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Total factor Productivity is specified for a section, a department, the whole organisation or group of organisations. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Measure the quantitative factors that influence Productivity and establish their influence. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Measure the quantitative factors that influence Productivity and establish their influence on Productivity and profitability. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Quantitative factors that influence Productivity are measured using correct formulae. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Quantitative factors that influence Productivity include wastage, efficiency, utilisation, absenteeism and labour turnover.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The causes of the current levels in the quantitative factors are identified correctly. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The influence of each quantitative factor on Productivity is established through measurement. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The importance of the quantitative factors in improving Productivity and profitability is explained with examples. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Identify the qualitative factors that influence Productivity and establish their influence. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Identify the qualitative factors that influence Productivity and establish their influence on Productivity. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The qualitative factors that influence Productivity are identified correctly. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The qualitative factors that influence Productivity include, but are not limited to, communication, leadership and supervision, employee relations, education, training, development, organisational culture, management style, motivation, job satisfaction.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The relationship between the quantitative factors that influence Productivity and the qualitative factors is correctly identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The influence of the qualitative factors on Productivity is established correctly. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    1. Anyone assessing a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or any ETQA with a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.

    2. Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard or will assess this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA or any ETQA with a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.

    3. Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures.

    Therefore anyone wishing to be assessed against this Unit Standard may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution which is accredited by the Services ETQA. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • The concept of Productivity concept and its benefits
  • The concepts of single and total factor Productivity
  • Value added as a form of Productivity
  • The use of the output/input ratio to measure single factor Productivity
  • The factors that influence labour-, material- and capital Productivity and the causes of current levels of these factors
  • Use of the output/input ratio to measure total factor Productivity
  • Conversion of output and input items to Rand value
  • Use of correct formulae to measure the quantitative factors that influence Productivity
  • Causes of current levels in quantitative factors that influence Productivity
  • The influence of quantitative factors on Productivity and profitability
  • Use of quantitative factors to improve Productivity
  • The qualitative factors that influence Productivity
  • The relationship between the quantitative factors that influence Productivity and the qualitative factors
  • The influence of qualitative factors on Productivity 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively by, e.g:
  • Measuring and assessing the causes of single factor Productivity. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by, e.g:
  • Establishing the influence of each quantitative factor on Productivity through measurement. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically by, e.g:
  • Using the output/input ratio to measure single factor Productivity. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49794   National Diploma: Productivity  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SABPP 
    Elective  58539   Further Education and Training Certificate: Automotive Repair and Maintenance  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2009-02-18  Was MERSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  78525   Further Education and Training Certificate: Automotive Repair and Maintenance  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  64411   Further Education and Training Certificate: Automotive Spray Painting  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Elective  50372   Further Education and Training Certificate: Municipal Finance and Administration  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  LG SETA 
    Elective  50332   Further Education and Training Certificate: Occupationally-Directed Education Training and Development Practices  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  ETDP SETA 
    Elective  58779   Further Education and Training Certificate: Production Technology  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Elective  48875   Further Education and Training Certificate: Public Relations Practice  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-09-09  Was SERVICES until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  50060   National Certificate: Public Administration  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  PSETA 
    Elective  14590   National Diploma: Freight Handling Logistics  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2007-06-14  Was TETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  58473   National Diploma: Freight Handling Logistics  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 
    Elective  50333   National Diploma: Occupationally Directed Education, Training and Development Practices  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  ETDP SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. A.S.A.P Training and Consulting 
    2. A5 Competence Evolution 
    3. About Survival Consulting Agency 
    4. Academy Training Group 
    5. Accreditation & Training Services 
    6. Acorser Corporate & Business Consulting t/a Acorser Academy 
    7. Advantage Training Services cc 
    8. AFRICA COMPETENCY DEVELOPMENT (PTY) LTD 
    9. Afriwealth Consulting 
    10. Aldabri 106 Institute for Quality (Pty) Ltd 
    11. Aldabri 106 Institute for Quality Pty Ltd 
    12. Amaqamu Project Management and Consulting 
    13. ASORIP NPC 
    14. ASSESSMENT COLLEGE OF SOUTH AFRICA PTY LTD 
    15. Aubrey Nyiko Business Enterprise cc 
    16. Audit Campus 
    17. Ayoba Training Institute (Pty)Ltd 
    18. Bantubanye Skills 
    19. Bohlali Provider Support 
    20. Brain Boosters Business Education (PTY) LTD 
    21. Breakeven 59(PTY) Ltd 
    22. Bull's Business and Skills Training Institute 
    23. Business Intelligence Trading 48 (PTY) LTD 
    24. Camblish Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    25. Chartall Business College 
    26. Circleway College 
    27. CLEAR SOLUTIONS 
    28. Colleen Osorio Skills Development Consultancy cc 
    29. Compass Academy of Learning 
    30. CORE TRAINING INTERNATIONAL 
    31. Corporate Safety Training Academy PTY Ltd 
    32. D and D Lwazi Renaissance Research and Development Institute 
    33. D M Management and Consulting 
    34. Dabulamanzi & Njabulo Ndaba Consulting cc 
    35. DAM SCHOOL OF POLICING PRETORIA 
    36. Dee s Training PTY LTD 
    37. Dee-Bravo Training Centre 
    38. Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA) 
    39. Divine Inspiration Trading 704 PTY Ltd 
    40. DON-DER TRUCK REPAIRS TRUST 
    41. EDUTEL SKILLS DEVELOPMENT PTY LTD 
    42. Ekurhuleni West Public FET College - Germiston Campus 
    43. Elective Training Institute Enterprise CC 
    44. Emergence Learning Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    45. Enjo Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    46. Eskilz College (Pty) Ltd 
    47. Ethembeni Multi Service Enterprise (Pty) Ltd 
    48. Fachs Business Consulting and Training 
    49. Falcon Business Institute (PTY 
    50. Faranang Marketing 
    51. Future Performance Training and Development 
    52. Glere Skills and Consultants 
    53. Gotsec Skills Training 
    54. HDPSA 
    55. HEART Solutions 
    56. Heirs Training and Development 
    57. Hilmark Trading (PTY) LTD 
    58. Hlaniki Investment Holdings 
    59. Hlombe and Associates 
    60. IALE School of Advanced Learning Education 
    61. Igugu Training and Investments 
    62. IMVULA SKILLS DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY 
    63. Inafrica General Trading Pty LTD 
    64. Infomage Pty Ltd 
    65. Inkwazi Learning Network 
    66. INKWENKWEZI PRIVATE COLLEGE - SKILLS DEVELOPMENT cc 
    67. Isamon Vocational College of Excellence Pty Ltd 
    68. Isibani Skills Academy 
    69. IYAM Investments (Pty) Ltd 
    70. JMC TECHNICAL TRAINING (Bloemfontein)(TP) 
    71. Josmap Training Institute 
    72. Kairos Training College 
    73. Karabo Info Centre and Trading 
    74. Kgang-Kgolo Consulting 
    75. Khaas Training Academy 
    76. KITSO TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT 
    77. KLM Empowered Human Solutions Specialists 
    78. Leap Projects 
    79. Learnership Support Systems (Pty) Ltd 
    80. Learning Performance Link 
    81. Lebzatainment Foundation NPC 
    82. Legacy Umsebenzi Wethu Training Solution (Pty) Ltd 
    83. Leronsa Trading Enterprise 
    84. LETZAA Group 
    85. Lip Holding (pty) LTD 
    86. Loago Business Consulting 
    87. M28 Consulting and Trading 
    88. M3i Skills Development 
    89. MACCAUVLEI LEARNING ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
    90. Mafamawethu Consultants 
    91. Mahloko Training, Auditing Services and other Projects 
    92. Makaota Training Consultants 
    93. Makavila Suppliers CC. 
    94. Makgoka Development Facilitation (PTY) Ltd. 
    95. Makwedeng Training 
    96. Mamuhle Academy 
    97. Management College of Southern Africa (MANCOSA) 
    98. Marematlou Training Institute 
    99. Matimba Management and Labour cc 
    100. Matsila Holdings 
    101. MENTORNET (PTY) LTD 
    102. MI Learning & Development Consultancy 
    103. MIET Africa 
    104. MJ Mafunisa Consulting (PTY) LTD 
    105. Mmanape Management Solutions 
    106. MML Consulting CC. 
    107. Mogale Solution Providers 
    108. Mohlaje Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    109. MORIPE BUSINESS TRAINING AND CONSULTANTS PTY LTD MORIPE BUSINESS ACADEMY 
    110. Motheo Training Institute Trust 
    111. MTK Corporate Solutions 
    112. Mtk Corporation Solutions 
    113. MUHANGWENE DEVELOPMENT ENTERPRISE 
    114. MWG Logistical Services 
    115. Myeza Trading Enterprise 
    116. Ndzalama Training 
    117. Neolebongi Trading Enterprise 
    118. Nero Training Consultants cc 
    119. Netgrow Training Solutions 
    120. Networx for Career Development 
    121. New Generation Skills 
    122. Next Step Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    123. Nkqubela Community Developers 
    124. Nonunu Projects 
    125. Northern Cape Rural TVET College 
    126. NTI College 
    127. Ntsangalala Business Enterprise 
    128. OMNI HR CONSULTING PTY LTD 
    129. Opehst Trading 
    130. Outeniqua Leadership Institute 
    131. Pachi Global Foundation 
    132. Paradise Skills Development 
    133. Petra institute of Development (PTY) Ltd 
    134. Pitt Institute T/A Imithombo Institute 
    135. PMA Holdings (PTY ) LTD. 
    136. PND Academy of Learning cc 
    137. Primeserv Corporate Solutions 
    138. Princetop Corporative Training (Pty) Ltd 
    139. PRIOR LEARNING CENTRE 
    140. PRO-ACTIVE PUBLIC SERVICES COLLEGE/PTY/LTD 
    141. Production Management Institute of Southern Africa (PMI) - Johannesburg 
    142. PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE SA PTY LTD (PORT ELIZABETH) 
    143. Pulakgadi Training Consulting CC 
    144. QPD CONSULTANTS 
    145. Reflections Development Institute 
    146. Regenesys Management (Pty) Ltd 
    147. Regent Business School (Pty) Ltd t/a Regent Business School 
    148. Resonance Institute of Learning 
    149. Retshetse Training Project 
    150. S A Skills Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    151. SA Maritime School and Transport College 
    152. Sabela Learning Academy 
    153. Saint Colonel Graduate Institute (PTY) Ltd 
    154. SAKHISISIZWE CONSTRUCTION AND PROJECTS CC T/A SAKHISISIZWE PROJECTS 
    155. SEOPOSENGOE TRAINING CONSULTANCY CC 
    156. Sizanesu Consulting 
    157. SOMANDLA ENTREPRENEURSHIP ACADEMY 
    158. South African ABET Development Agency SAADA 
    159. Southern African Institute of Learning (SAIL) 
    160. SPS Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    161. STAFFING DIRECT CC 
    162. Tachfin Holdings 
    163. Talent Sculpture 
    164. The Beneficiation Academy 
    165. The Finishing College (Pty) Lt 
    166. The Institute of People Development 
    167. The Iscariota Group (Pty) Ltd 
    168. THE SKILLS COLLEGE FOR DEVELOPMENT AND TRAINING(PTY) LTD 
    169. Thuto Ya Setshaba Training Services (Pty) Ltd 
    170. Thuto-Boswa Education and Training Solution 
    171. TMG Quality Services 
    172. Tovani Traiding 299 
    173. TPN Training and Recruitment cc 
    174. Trainers Without Borders 
    175. Training Answers 
    176. Tshireletso Multi-skills and Training 
    177. Tshisimani Holdings (PTY) Ltd. 
    178. Ukwakhile Training 
    179. Ulwazi Training & Development 
    180. UNIVERSITY OF BUSINESS EXCELLENCE(PTY)LTD 
    181. University of Johannesburg 
    182. Utopia Institute 
    183. Vala Nge Bhetshu Human Capital Development (Pty) Ltd 
    184. VEB CELE & Associates (Pty) Ltd 
    185. VERYCOOLIDEAS 
    186. Vicmat Consultants 
    187. YAB Business Solutions (Pty)Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.